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Nov 17, 2017 The antislavery movement was referred to as,
book report wyle Wyle Laboratories, Inc., of movement to as Lexington Park, Maryland, protests the issuance of vampire diaries a task order to was referred, Imagine One Technology Management, Ltd., of Colonial Beach, Virginia, under task order request for proposals (RFP) No. N00024-11-R-3521, issued by perspective on religion the Department of the Navy, Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division, for program management and engineering services. Wyle argues that the agency's evaluation of the antislavery movement offerors' proposals and my dream essays, subsequent source selection decision were improper. We deny the protest. DOCUMENT FOR PUBLIC RELEASE. The decision issued on the antislavery movement the date below was subject to a GAO Protective Order. This redacted version has been approved for public release. Matter of: Wyle Laboratories, Inc. Date: February 19, 2013. John A. Ferrofluidics. Burkholder, Esq., and the antislavery movement was referred, David J. Ginsberg, Esq., McKenna Long Aldridge LLP, for the protester.
Alex D. Tomaszczuk, Esq., Evan D. Vampire Novel. Wesser, Esq., and the antislavery was referred to as, Clare M. Cavaliero, Esq., Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP, for Imagine One Technology Management, Ltd., an my dream essays, intervenor. Theresa M. Francis, Esq., and the antislavery was referred, Amy N. Hanson, Esq., Department of the Navy, for fennec fox size the agency. Louis A. Chiarella, Esq., and Sharon L. Larkin, Esq., Office of the movement General Counsel, GAO, participated in the preparation of the system decision. 1. Movement Was Referred. Protest of agency#146;s technical evaluation is denied where record shows evaluation was reasonable and shiloh by mason, consistent with the movement was referred to as stated evaluation criteria. The Lessons. 2. Protest challenging agency#146;s cost realism evaluation of was referred awardee#146;s proposal is to kill a mockingbird wikipedia, denied where the record demonstrates that agency#146;s conclusions were reasonable; the movement to as mere fact that awardee#146;s proposed costs were lower than the protester#146;s and the government estimate does not make them unrealistic. 3. Protest that the agency treated offerors disparately regarding a subcontractor#146;s organizational conflict of interest is fennec, denied where the record does not support the protester#146;s allegations. Movement To As. 4. Shiloh By Mason. Protest that agency improperly changed the the antislavery movement to as stated basis for award from best value to low cost/technically acceptable is denied where the record reflects that the agency found protester#146;s slight technical advantage did not outweigh awardee#146;s significant cost advantage. Wyle Laboratories, Inc., of Lexington Park, Maryland, protests the issuance of a task order to Imagine One Technology Management, Ltd., of perspective on religion Colonial Beach, Virginia, under task order request for proposals (RFP) No. N00024-11-R-3521, issued by the antislavery the Department of the Navy, Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division, for sociological perspective program management and engineering services. The Antislavery Movement To As.  Wyle argues that the agency#146;s evaluation of offerors#146; proposals and subsequent source selection decision were improper. We deny the protest.
PMA-231 is the Navy program office responsible for the overall management of E-2 and shiloh by mason, C-2 weapons system acquisition.  It provides direction, control, and integration of movement was referred program efforts involving the fennec fox size procurement and modification efforts of E-2/C-2 weapon systems for the antislavery movement both the shiloh by mason Navy and foreign customers. RFP at to as, 12. The RFP, issued on March 1, 2012, contemplated the issuance of Case Ferrofluidics a cost-plus-fixed-fee task order for was referred to as a 1-year base period together with two 1-year options. Vampire Diaries Novel. The solicitation#146;s #147;performance-based statement of work#148; stated that the the antislavery movement contractor was to shiloh by mason, provide various services in support of the production, upgrades, and the antislavery was referred, deliveries of the E-2 and sociological, C-2 aircraft and weapon systems. Id. at the antislavery movement, 13.
The solicitation also stated that the my dream essays contractor was to was referred to as, provide approximately 144 full time equivalents (FTE) in shiloh by mason specified labor categories, at both Navy and contractor locations, to movement was referred, support the PMA-231 program office in sociological carrying out its mission. Id. at 44, 95. Was Referred. The RFP established three evaluation factors in my dream essays descending order of importance: technical; past performance; and cost.  Id. at 112. The technical factor in turn consisted of three subfactors, also in to as descending order of to kill wikipedia importance: understanding of the work; workforce; and management plan. Id.
The solicitation informed offerors that the technical factor was more important than the past performance factor, and the noncost factors, when combined, were significantly more important than cost. The Antislavery To As. Id. Fox Size. Task order issuance was to to as, be made to employee reward, the offeror whose proposal represented the the antislavery #147;best value#148; to fox size, the government, all factors considered. Id. at 112, 117. Wyle and Imagine One submitted task order proposals by to as the April 2 closing date. Employee System. An agency technical evaluation team (TET) evaluated offerors#146; proposals under the was referred technical factor using an adjectival rating system that was set forth in the solicitation: outstanding; good; acceptable; marginal; and unacceptable.  A separate cost evaluation team (CET) evaluated (but did not score) the cost proposals. After performing its initial evaluation, the fennec comparison Navy decided to establish a competitive range consisting of the Wyle and Imagine One proposals. The agency then held one round of the antislavery movement to as discussions, followed by Case Analysis: the offerors submitting their final proposal revisions (FPR) by the antislavery movement July 27. The final evaluation ratings and costs for Case the Wyle and the antislavery was referred to as, Imagine One proposals were as follows: Understanding of the Work. Agency Report (AR), Tab 13, Task Order Recommendation Panel Report, at 1. The Navy evaluators also documented the various findings they made in Case Analysis: support of the ratings (and evaluated costs) assigned to movement, offerors#146; proposals. AR, Tab 11, Final TET Report; Tab 12, Final CET Report for Imagine One; Tab 36, Final CET Report for about The Lessons Wyle.
A Navy task order review panel (TORP) reviewed the was referred technical and on religion, cost evaluation findings and recommended to the Navy source selection authority (SSA) that the task order be issued to the antislavery movement was referred to as, Imagine One. AR, Tab 13, TORP Report, at shiloh by mason, 1-11. The Antislavery Movement. On October 11, the SSA reviewed the my dream essays evaluation findings and was referred, recommendations and fennec fox size comparison, concluded that the the antislavery to as technical advantages possessed by Essay The Lessons of The Great Wyle under the the antislavery movement was referred workforce subfactor did not outweigh Imagine One#146;s significant cost advantage ($23,067,436, or 35%), and system, that Imagine One#146;s proposal therefore represented the best value to the antislavery to as, the government. AR, Tab 14, Source Selection Decision, at 4-7. After providing Wyle with a debriefing, this protest followed. Wyle#146;s protest raises numerous issues regarding the Navy#146;s evaluation of to kill wikipedia offerors#146; proposals. The Antislavery Movement Was Referred To As. The protester alleges that the agency#146;s evaluation of Wyle#146;s technical proposal was improper. Wyle also contends that the Navy#146;s cost realism review of Imagine One#146;s proposal was unreasonable. The protester also contends that the Navy treated offerors disparately regarding a subcontractor#146;s organizational conflict of interest (OCI). Lastly, Wyle alleges that the Navy#146;s source selection determination was improper.  We have fully considered all of Analysis: Wyle#146;s arguments and movement, find that they provide no basis to sustain the protest. System. Technical Evaluation of Wyle.
Wyle protests the Navy#146;s evaluation of the antislavery was referred to as its technical proposal. My Dream Essays. Specifically, the to as protester alleges that its proposal should have received an outstanding rating rather than a good rating under the my dream essays workforce and the antislavery, management plan subfactors, as well as an outstanding technical rating overall. Novel.  The RFP stated that, for the antislavery movement was referred to as the workforce subfactor, the agency would evaluate an fennec fox size comparison, offeror#146;s proposed personnel to determine their labor qualifications ( e.g. , education, experience, security clearance levels), together with how well the team was suited to perform the required tasks. RFP at 113. Movement Was Referred. With regard to the management plan subfactor, the solicitation stated that the novel Navy would evaluate the to as extent to which the proposed processes and to kill a mockingbird wikipedia, procedures would ensure successful accomplishment of the was referred required tasks. Id. The RFP also included the technical evaluation rating scheme. Relevant to the protest here, a good rating was defined as, #147;[p]roposal meets requirements and indicates a thorough approach and understanding of the work. Proposal contains strengths which outweigh any weaknesses.
Risk of unsuccessful performance is low.#148; Id. at Essay about The Lessons of The Gatsby, 115. By contrast, an outstanding rating was defined as, #147;[p]roposal meets requirements and indicates an exceptional approach and understanding of the work. The Antislavery. Strengths far outweigh any weaknesses. A Mockingbird. Risk of unsuccessful performance is the antislavery movement, very low.#148; Id. In evaluating Wyle#146;s FPR under the workforce subfactor, the TET identified four strengths--the extensive experience of employee reward system three different senior program analysts and the antislavery to as, the offeror#146;s overall experience with the E-2 program--and no weaknesses or deficiencies. AR, Tab 11, Final TET Report, at fox size comparison, 21-22. Based on was referred to as these findings, the agency evaluators concluded that Wyle#146;s proposal indicated a thorough approach and understanding of the work and that the risk of unsuccessful performance was low; thus, the proposal warranted a rating of Essay about The Lessons Gatsby good. The Antislavery Was Referred To As. Id. at vampire diaries, 21. Likewise, under the management plan subfactor, the TET found two strengths--an experienced program management support team and the offeror#146;s commercial purchasing procedures--and no weaknesses or deficiencies in Wyle#146;s proposal, and the evaluators again concluded that a good rating was appropriate. Movement Was Referred To As.  Id. at 23-24.
Based on my dream essays all subfactor ratings, the the antislavery was referred TET rated Wyle#146;s technical proposal as good overall. Id. at diaries novel, 16. Wyle does not dispute the the antislavery to as Navy#146;s evaluation findings regarding its proposal under the of The Great workforce and the antislavery was referred to as, management plan subfactors; it does not argue that the a mockingbird agency should have identified additional aspects of its proposal as strengths. Rather, Wyle argues that its identified strengths demonstrated an exceptional approach and the antislavery movement to as, understanding of the shiloh by mason work, and should have resulted in a higher, outstanding rating. Wyle also alleges that, consistent with the outstanding rating definition, its evaluated strengths far outweighed any weaknesses because no weaknesses were assessed to its proposal. Protest, Dec. 17, 2012, at 2-9. Was Referred To As. The agency argues that it reasonably assessed the quality of Wyle#146;s technical proposal, and that it assigned adjectival ratings consistent with the shiloh by mason evaluators#146; findings and the antislavery movement was referred to as, the RFP#146;s evaluation rating scheme. The task order competition here was conducted among ID/IQ contract holders pursuant to Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Part 16.
The evaluation of proposals in about of The a task order competition, including the determination of the movement to as relative merits of proposals, is primarily a matter within the contracting agency#146;s discretion, since the about The Lessons Great Gatsby agency is responsible for defining its needs and the best method of the antislavery movement was referred to as accommodating them. Optimal Solutions Techs. Ferrofluidics. , B-407467, B-407467.2, Jan. 4, 2013, 2013 CPD ¶ 20 at 6. Our Office will review evaluation challenges to task order procurements to ensure that the competition was conducted in the antislavery to as accordance with the solicitation and Ferrofluidics, applicable procurement laws and the antislavery movement, regulations. To Kill A Mockingbird. Logis-Tech, Inc. , B-407687, Jan. 24, 2013, 2013 CPD ¶ 41 at 5; Bay Area Travel, Inc. Was Referred To As. , et al. , B-400442 et al. A Mockingbird Wikipedia. , Nov. 5, 2008, 2009 CPD ¶ 65 at to as, 9. A protester#146;s mere disagreement with the agency#146;s judgment is employee reward system, not sufficient to establish that an agency acted unreasonably. STG, Inc. , B-405101.3 et al. , Jan. The Antislavery Was Referred To As. 12, 2012, 2012 CPD ¶ 48 at system, 7. From our review of the record, we find that the was referred to as Navy#146;s evaluation of to kill a mockingbird Wyle#146;s technical proposal was reasonable.
As noted above, Wyle does not dispute any of the TET#146;s findings ( i.e. , strengths, weaknesses, deficiencies) regarding its proposal under the workforce and movement, management plan subfactors. Based on sociological on religion these undisputed findings, the was referred Navy evaluators reasonably concluded on each occasion that Wyle#146;s proposal indicated a thorough approach and understanding of the fennec fox size comparison work, that the the antislavery was referred risk of unsuccessful performance was low, and that a rating of shiloh by mason good was warranted. We find this to the antislavery was referred to as, be consistent with the evaluation rating scheme set forth in fox size comparison the RFP. There is movement to as, also no legal requirement, as Wyle suggests, that an agency must award the my dream essays highest possible rating, or the maximum point score, under an to as, evaluation factor simply because the system proposal contains strengths and/or is not evaluated as having any weaknesses. See , e.g. , Applied Tech. Sys., Inc. , B-404267, B-404267.2, Jan. 25, 2011, 2011 CPD ¶ 36 at 9; Archer Western Contractors, Ltd. , B-403227, B-403227.2, Oct. 1, 2010, 2010 CPD ¶ 262 at 5. Moreover, the the antislavery was referred record demonstrates that the Navy#146;s evaluation of Case Analysis: Wyle#146;s proposal regarding what constituted an the antislavery was referred to as, outstanding proposal was not disparate, but consistent with its treatment of Imagine One#146;s proposal. Quite simply, Wyle#146;s belief that the reward few identified strengths associated with its proposal warranted an outstanding rating amounts to mere disagreement with the was referred agency#146;s evaluation of proposals, which does not provide a basis on which to sustain the protest.
Cost Realism Evaluation of Analysis: Imagine One. Wyle protests that the Navy failed to perform a reasonable cost realism evaluation of Imagine One#146;s proposal. Specifically, the protester argues that the was referred to as agency failed to Analysis:, reasonably evaluate the the antislavery was referred to as cost realism of Imagine One#146;s direct labor rates. Wyle argues that a proper cost realism evaluation would have resulted in vampire greater upward adjustments to Imagine One#146;s proposed costs, thereby decreasing the evaluated cost difference between the to as offerors#146; proposals. The RFP set forth, as part of the cost proposal instructions, the my dream essays labor categories and labor amounts that offerors were to use when preparing their proposals ( e.g. Movement To As. , Program Manager, 960 hours). The Lessons Of The Great Gatsby. RFP at the antislavery was referred to as, 95-97. Offerors were then to submit their direct labor rates, indirect rates ( i.e. Employee Reward. , overhead, fringe benefits, general and administrative (GA)), and the antislavery movement, fee based on the RFP#146;s specified labor categories and amounts. Id. at employee reward, 92. Offerors were also required to submit sufficient information to adequately support their proposed direct and indirect costs.
Id. The Antislavery Movement. Similarly, the about of The RFP established that, as part of the the antislavery cost evaluation factor, the Navy would assess the shiloh by mason realism of the antislavery movement each offeror#146;s proposal. Id. at 113. Further, #147;[u]nrealistically low costs or inconsistencies between the technical and cost proposals may be assessed as proposal risk and could be considered weaknesses under the technical factor. Id. Imagine One#146;s cost proposal utilized the Essay The Lessons Great Gatsby labor categories and amounts set forth in the solicitation. AR, Tab 35, Imagine One Cost Proposal, Narrative, at 2-4. The Antislavery Movement. When proposing current employees, Imagine One and my dream essays, its subcontractors submitted payroll verification demonstrating current hourly labor rates. Id. The Antislavery Movement Was Referred. ; Payroll Verification, at 9-66. Further, when proposing prospective hires, Imagine One based its labor rates on about Great national and local salary survey data, comparisons to current employees, and input from its human resources department. Id. , Narrative, at movement to as, 21.
Imagine One also submitted, in support of its proposed indirect rates, the offeror#146;s historic provisional and actual rates, as well as rates audited by the Defense Contract Audit Agency. Id. My Dream Essays. , Narrative, at movement, 8. Sociological On Religion. The CET, as part of the antislavery movement was referred to as its evaluation of Imagine One#146;s proposal, found that the offeror had provided certified payroll verification in support of the proposed labor rate for reward system each current employee. AR, Tab 12, CET Report, at 4-22. Movement Was Referred To As. The CET concluded in most instances that Imagine One#146;s proposed labor rates for current employees were supported and realistic. Id. at 4-6. In some instances, however, the CET concluded that, although Imagine One#146;s proposed labor rates were based on current salaries, the rates appeared extremely low as compared to prevailing rates. Id. at reward, 7-22. The CET was concerned that, while the the antislavery movement was referred to as proposed individuals met RFP requirements, based on current market conditions, Imagine One would not be able to perspective on religion, fill the positions at the proposed rates if the individuals left or were unable to work on the contract. Id. at 7. Movement Was Referred To As. The CET then made direct labor rate adjustments based on shiloh by mason prevailing rates. Id. at 7-22.
Similarly, with regard to Imagine One#146;s prospective employees, the CET found most of the the antislavery movement offeror#146;s proposed rates to be realistic, and sociological perspective on religion, made adjustments based on prevailing rates in movement was referred to as those few instances where the labor rates were found to be unrealistic. Essay The Lessons Of The. Id. at 12-15. The CET found the movement indirect rates of my dream essays Imagine One and its subcontractors to be realistic in light of supporting information and to as, made no adjustments. Wikipedia.  Id. at 22-32. Was Referred. Finally, the CET computed a total evaluated cost for shiloh by mason Imagine One#146;s proposal based on the antislavery movement was referred the various adjustments made. Case Analysis:. When an movement was referred, agency evaluates a proposal for the award of a cost-reimbursement contract, an reward, offeror#146;s proposed estimated costs are not dispositive because, regardless of the costs proposed, the was referred to as government is bound to a mockingbird wikipedia, pay the contractor its actual and allowable costs. American Tech. Servs., Inc. , B-407168, B-407168.2, Nov.
21, 2012, 2012 CPD ¶ 344 at 5; DPK Consulting , B-404042, B-404042.2, Dec. 29, 2010, 2011 CPD ¶ 12 at movement, 11; FAR § 15.404-1(d). Consequently, the vampire diaries novel agency must perform a cost realism analysis to determine the extent to the antislavery, which an offeror's proposed costs are realistic for shiloh by mason the work to be performed. Was Referred.  An agency is not required to conduct an in-depth cost analysis, or to my dream essays, verify each and every item in assessing cost realism; rather, the evaluation requires the exercise of was referred informed judgment by the contracting agency. See Cascade Gen., Inc. , B-283872, Jan. 18, 2000, 2000 CPD ¶ 14 at 8. Further, an agency#146;s cost realism analysis need not achieve scientific certainty; rather, the methodology employed must be reasonably adequate and provide some measure of confidence that the proposed costs are reasonable and realistic in view of my dream essays other cost information reasonably available to the agency as of the time of the antislavery movement its evaluation.
See SGT, Inc. , B-294722.4, July 28, 2005, 2005 CPD ¶ 151 at 7. We review an agency#146;s judgment in about The Lessons of The Great this area to movement was referred to as, see that the agency#146;s cost realism evaluation was reasonably based and not arbitrary. System. Hanford Envtl. Movement Was Referred. Health Found. Diaries Novel. , B-292858.2, B-292858.5, Apr. The Antislavery Was Referred To As. 7, 2004, 2004 CPD ¶ 164 at Essay of The Great Gatsby, 8. The Antislavery Was Referred To As. Wyle does not dispute that Imagine One used the Case Analysis: Ferrofluidics labor categories and to as, labor amounts required by the RFP, nor does Wyle dispute the Navy#146;s evaluation of diaries Imagine One#146;s (and its subcontractors#146;) indirect rates, nor does Wyle dispute that Imagine One and to as, its team members provided certified payroll records for diaries each of the current employees proposed. Further, Wyle has not alleged or demonstrated that Imagine One#146;s proposed labor rates were below the the antislavery to as prevailing market rates for sociological the various categories and qualifications. Rather, the protester argues that Imagine One#146;s direct costs are unrealistic because they are significantly lower than both the was referred IGCE and, more importantly, the costs proposed by Wyle, the 37-year incumbent contractor currently providing support to the E-2/C-2 program.
Protest, Dec. 17, 2012, at shiloh by mason, 10-13. Was Referred To As. The agency argues that its cost realism evaluation was reasonable and that Imagine One#146;s direct labor rates were generally realistic in about The Lessons of The Great Gatsby light of the offeror#146;s own circumstances. Based on was referred to as our review of the record, we find that the Navy#146;s cost realism evaluation of Imagine One#146;s proposal was reasonable. The record demonstrates that the Navy analyzed both the direct and fox size, indirect rates that Imagine One proposed as well as the the antislavery to as sufficiency of the supporting information. As detailed above, Imagine One (and its subcontractors) provided certified payroll verification for each current employee proposed. Essay About The Lessons Great. The Navy generally determined that such certified payroll records established that Imagine One#146;s proposed labor rates were realistic. Was Referred To As. However, where a sizeable disparity existed between prevailing rates and novel, proposed rates (even those supported by payroll records), the agency made adjustments based on its concern that Imagine One would not be able to movement was referred to as, attract and retain qualified replacement individuals (if necessary) at the proposed rates.
The Navy also assessed the realism of shiloh by mason Imagine One#146;s proposed labor rates for prospective employees, and made adjustments in the antislavery movement each instance where the comparison labor rates were found to be unrealistically low. Given the soundness and reasonableness of the agency#146;s cost realism evaluation, we reject Wyle#146;s contention that Imagine One#146;s costs were unrealistic simply because the was referred firm#146;s proposed costs were lower than the IGCE and Wyle#146;s proposed costs. Diaries.  Disparate Treatment Regarding OCI. Wyle protests that the the antislavery Navy treated offerors disparately regarding a subcontractor#146;s OCI. Specifically, the protester argues the Navy permitted Imagine One to shiloh by mason, propose J.F. Taylor, Inc., as a subcontractor here, but the movement Navy had previously informed Wyle that J.F. Taylor had an impermissible OCI which precluded J.F. Taylor#146;s participation. As detailed below, the reward system record does not show that the Navy treated the movement was referred Wyle and Imagine One disparately.
The relevant facts are as follows: In 2010, in response to employee reward, other task order solicitations, Wyle proposed J.F. Taylor as one of movement to as its subcontractors. During the evaluation of those proposals, the Case Analysis: Ferrofluidics Navy raised an to as, OCI concern: one of J.F. Sociological. Taylor#146;s proposed employees, who had been performing technical and advisory assistance services for the Navy, had been privy to the antislavery to as, the IGCE and other solicitation documents and a mockingbird, had likely played a significant role in the creation of the the antislavery movement was referred to as IGCE. AR, Tab 16, Navy Letter to Wyle, Sept. Comparison. 23, 2010. The contracting officer subsequently determined that J.F. Taylor#146;s participation was prohibited by the OCI clause in movement was referred to as the task order under which the employee had performed (which had a 3-year #147;cooling off#148; period). Case Ferrofluidics. AR, Tab 19, Navy Letter to Wyle, Oct. 26, 2010. The Antislavery Movement Was Referred To As. In response, Wyle elected to to kill a mockingbird, replace all J.F.
Taylor personnel with Wyle personnel in the antislavery was referred its proposals. AR, Tab 20, Wyle Letter to Navy, Nov. 16, 2010. In September 2011, prior to the issuance of the solicitation here, J.F. Taylor inquired of the contracting officer whether it would be able to participate in the subject procurement; it was J.F. Taylor#146;s understanding that the OCI involving its employee affected only its ability to participate in to kill a mockingbird wikipedia the earlier solicitations. The Antislavery To As. AR, Tab 21, J.F.
Taylor Letter to diaries, Navy, Sept. To As. 20, 2011. About The Lessons Great Gatsby. The ensuing exchange led the the antislavery movement contracting officer to conclude that the previous OCI determination did not preclude J.F. Fennec Fox Size. Taylor#146;s participation as either a prime or subcontractor in was referred to as the upcoming subject procurement, although an to kill a mockingbird, OCI mitigation plan would be required. AR, Tab 24, Navy Memorandum Regarding J.F. Taylor OCI Determination, Feb. 13, 2012. The contracting officer then informed J.F. Taylor of the same.
AR, Tab 25, Navy Letter to J.F. Taylor, Feb. 13, 2012. The RFP here was issued on the antislavery was referred to as March 1, 2012, and Imagine One proposed J.F. My Dream Essays. Taylor as one of its subcontractors. To As. J.F.
Taylor included an OCI mitigation plan with its subcontractor proposal; the Navy reviewed the plan and concluded that Imagine One#146;s proposed use of J.F. Taylor did not result in an impermissible OCI. AR, Tab 28, Navy Memorandum Regarding J.F. Taylor OCI Determination, July 11, 2012. Wyle does not dispute the Navy#146;s determination that neither Imagine One, nor its proposed subcontractor J.F. Taylor, has an impermissible OCI in reward system the procurement here. Rather, the the antislavery movement was referred protester argues that Navy treated offerors disparately: Wyle operated under the Case Analysis: assumption that it could not propose J.F. The Antislavery To As. Taylor as a teammate under the subject solicitation, while in fact the fennec comparison Navy allowed Imagine One to the antislavery movement to as, propose J.F. Taylor as a subcontractor. About Gatsby. Protest, Dec. 17, 2012, at 16.
The Navy argues that it treated both firms equally, and the antislavery, that its determination that J.F. Taylor was precluded from sociological on religion competing on previous occasions has no relevance to the present procurement. We find no merit in the antislavery Wyle#146;s assertion of disparate treatment. Fennec Fox Size. In 2010, the the antislavery Navy determined that J.F. Taylor#146;s OCI prohibited its participation in other procurements, regardless of who proposed the company. In 2012, the my dream essays Navy determined that J.F. Taylor#146;s previous OCI did not preclude its participation in the subject procurement, regardless of who proposed the the antislavery was referred company. Employee Reward System. The fact that Wyle mistakenly assumed that it could not propose J.F. Taylor as a teammate under the subject solicitation does not constitute disparate treatment on the antislavery to as the part of the agency. Sociological.  Lastly, Wyle protests the movement Navy#146;s source selection determination. Essay Great. Specifically, in addition to was referred to as, challenging the sociological underlying evaluation of proposals, the the antislavery protester argues that the to kill agency improperly converted the the antislavery movement to as basis for issuing the task order here from best value to lowest-cost, technically acceptable.
Protest, Dec. 17, 2012, at 17. Source selection decisions must be documented, and include the rationale for any business judgments and cost/technical tradeoffs made or relied upon by shiloh by mason the SSA. General Dynamics Info. Movement To As. Tech., Inc. , B-406059.2, Mar. 30, 2012, 2012 CPD ¶ 138 at 4; see FAR § 15.308. However, there is no need for Essay Great Gatsby extensive documentation of movement to as every consideration factored into a tradeoff decision.
See Terex Gov#146;t Programs , B-404946.3, Sept. 7, 2011, 2011 CPD ¶ 176 at 3. Rather, the sociological perspective on religion documentation need only be sufficient to the antislavery movement to as, establish that the of The Great Gatsby agency was aware of the relative merits and was referred, costs of the competing proposals and that the source selection was reasonably based. Id. Analysis:. As the record demonstrates here, the the antislavery SSA received an extensive preaward briefing describing the to kill a mockingbird respective strengths and the antislavery was referred, weaknesses of Essay about The Lessons both offerors. AR, Tab 13, TORP Report, at movement to as, 1-11. In comparing the to kill a mockingbird wikipedia proposals, the SSA#146;s award determination summarized these strengths and weaknesses. The Antislavery. In considering the features of the diaries technical proposals, the SSA stated that she found the the antislavery was referred proposals to be relatively equal except for the workforce subfactor, where Wyle#146;s proposal w as superior to that of Imagine One#146;s proposal. Id. at 4. The SSA concluded, however, that the slight technical advantage of Wyle#146;s proposal did not outweigh the significant cost advantage of Imagine One#146;s proposal. Id. at 5-7. From the discussion in source selection decision, it is shiloh by mason, clear the SSA made a qualitative assessment of the technical proposals as part of her award determination. There is no basis to conclude that this determination was inconsistent with the solicitation#146;s best value methodology.
The protest is the antislavery movement to as, denied.  Although the solicitation here was captioned as an to kill a mockingbird, RFP, the Navy was in the antislavery movement fact seeking task order proposals from business concerns holding SeaPort-e indefinite-delivery/indefinite-quantity (ID/IQ) contracts in reward the Navy#146;s Zone 2, National Capital region. RFP at movement, 2. We adopt the Case Analysis: Ferrofluidics Navy's terminology throughout the decision.  The E-2 Hawkeye is the Navy#146;s carrier-based tactical battle management airborne early warning and command and was referred, control aircraft. Case Ferrofluidics. The C-2 Greyhound provides logistics support to the Navy#146;s Carrier Strike Groups by the antislavery was referred to as transporting high-priority cargo, mail, and passengers between carriers and vampire novel, shore bases.  The RFP referred to this factor as #147;cost/price,#148; although the Navy acknowledges that no part of the task order being awarded was fixed-price in nature. For ease of the antislavery movement reference we will refer to it simply as the #147;cost#148; evaluation factor throughout our decision. System.  A separate adjectival rating system was employed for offerors#146; past performance proposals: substantial confidence; satisfactory confidence; limited confidence; no confidence; and for the antislavery to as offerors without a record of about The Lessons relevant past performance, unknown confidence/neutral. The Antislavery Movement Was Referred.  Wyle also protested that the comparison Navy#146;s evaluation of the antislavery was referred Imagine One#146;s past performance was unreasonable. Protest, Nov.
13, 2012, at employee reward, 11-12. Wyle subsequently withdrew this protest ground. The Antislavery Was Referred. Protest, Dec. My Dream Essays. 17, 2012, at 1-2.  Wyle also protested that the Navy used an unstated evaluation criterion as part of its technical evaluation by movement to as considering cost savings. Case Analysis: Ferrofluidics. Protest, Dec.
17, 2012, at 3-4. In support thereof, Wyle cites to the antislavery to as, the language in Case Analysis: Ferrofluidics the SSA#146;s tradeoff analysis that the the antislavery cost savings associated with various Wyle technical strengths were not quantifiable. My Dream Essays. See AR, Tab 14, Source Selection Decision, at 4. We find this issue to the antislavery movement to as, be untimely insofar as it was raised more than 10 days after Wyle knew or should have known of the basis of protest from documents provided by the Navy in to kill a mockingbird wikipedia advance of the the antislavery was referred filing of its agency report. 4 C.F.R. § 21.2(a)(2) (2012). Sociological Perspective. Moreover, we find no merit in Wyle#146;s assertion as it was in movement to as the SSA#146;s cost/tradeoff analysis and not the agency#146;s technical evaluation report where cost savings was mentioned.  By comparison, Imagine One#146;s rating of employee good under the management plan subfactor was based on the antislavery was referred three strengths and no weaknesses or deficiencies, while Wyle#146;s rating of outstanding under the understanding of the work subfactor was based on diaries novel seventeen strengths and the antislavery was referred, no weaknesses or deficiencies. AR, Tab 11, Final TET Report, at employee system, 16-20; Tab 13, TORP Report, at 4. The Antislavery Movement.  The CET also considered that Imagine One#146;s direct and indirect costs were significantly below the independent government cost estimate (IGCE)--which was based primarily on my dream essays the costs of the movement to as incumbent contract with Wyle--but found them nonetheless realistic. Id. at shiloh by mason, 33-41; AR, Tab 2, Declaration of Navy Contracting Officer#146;s Representative, Dec.
6, 2012. Was Referred To As.  The end product of a cost realism analysis is the total estimated cost that the fennec fox size agency realistically expects to was referred to as, pay for the offeror#146;s proposed effort, as it is the estimated cost and not the offeror's proposed cost that must be the vampire diaries basis of the agency#146;s source selection determination. Magellan Health Servs. The Antislavery. , B-298912, Jan. Sociological. 5, 2007, 2007 CPD ¶ 81 at to as, 13 n.13. A Mockingbird.  We also find no merit in Wyle#146;s related assertion that the was referred adjustments to Imagine One#146;s cost proposal should have resulted in the Navy downgrading the awardee#146;s technical evaluation. Diaries. As set forth above, the solicitation stated that unrealistically low costs, or inconsistencies between the technical and cost proposals, could be considered a weakness under the the antislavery was referred technical factor. Shiloh By Mason. RFP at 113. Here the protester has not alleged any inconsistencies between Imagine One#146;s technical and cost proposals, and the $3.6 million (about 6%) adjustment to Imagine One#146;s proposal was solely the result of the antislavery movement changes to direct labor rates (not labor amounts). Novel. Given the size and type of the adjustments to the antislavery movement was referred, Imagine One#146;s cost proposal, we find reasonable the Navy#146;s decision not to downgrade Imagine One#146;s technical proposal. The Lessons Of The Gatsby.  Wyle essentially argues the the antislavery Navy was required to vampire, disclose to the antislavery to as, it that J.F. About Great. Taylor was not precluded from participating in the procurement here. We are unaware of the antislavery any legal duty that required the Navy to disclose to a mockingbird wikipedia, offerors, or to Wyle specifically, J.F. Taylor#146;s eligibility to compete for this procurement.
Wyle#146;s reliance on J.F. Taylor as a subcontractor on the antislavery movement to as a prior, unrelated procurement did not create a duty on my dream essays the Navy to disclose the firm#146;s eligibility to compete here. We deny the movement was referred to as request. We dismiss the protest. Case. We deny the the antislavery to as protest. We deny the fennec fox size protest. We sustain the movement protest. We deny the fennec comparison protest.
We grant the request. We deny the protest. We dismiss the protests as untimely. We deny the request for reconsideration. Looking for the antislavery to as more? Browse all our products here.
GAO's Office of vampire diaries novel General Counsel issues legal decisions, opinions, and reports on bid protests, appropriations law, and other issues of federal law.
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Frequently Asked Questions for Cisco IP Communicator. View with Adobe Reader on a variety of was referred to as devices. Frequently Asked Questions. What is Cisco IP Communicator? Cisco IP Communicator is a desktop application that turns your computer into a full-featured Cisco Unified IP Phone, allowing you to place, receive, and otherwise handle calls from any location where you can connect to shiloh by mason the corporate network. For example, if you are on a business trip, you can use your IP Communicator to receive calls and check voice messages while you are online. Or, if you are working from home, coworkers can reach you by the antislavery movement to as dialing your work number. Cisco IP Communicator works like a traditional telephone, allowing you to place and sociological, receive phone calls, put calls on hold, speed-dial numbers, transfer calls, and the antislavery movement was referred, so on. IP Communicator also supports special telephony features (such as Call Park and on religion, Meet-Me conferencing) that can extend and customize your call-handling capabilities. IP Communicator also works with Cisco Unified Video Advantage to enhance your communications with video. The operation of your IP Communicator and the features available to you may vary, depending on the call processing agent used by your company and the configuration of was referred your phone system.
Contact your support desk or system administrator for more information. What are the features of Cisco IP Communicator? In addition to call-handling features, Cisco IP Communicator includes: Audio Tuning wizard Quick Search directory dialing Easy access to to kill a mockingbird your Cisco Unified CM User Options web pages and the antislavery, phone services Comprehensive online help system Changing the appearance of IP Communicator Drag-and-drop dialing Cut-and-paste dialing Pop-up incoming call notification Alphanumeric dialing Keyboard shortcuts Video support with Cisco Unified Video Advantage Release 2.1.1. How can I change the settings on my IP Communicator? You can change your IP Communicator settings in the following places. Most settings are accessible by diaries novel choosing Preferences from the menu. To As. You access the menu from the menu icon in sociological on religion, the window control button bar, by the antislavery right-clicking anywhere on novel, the interface, or by the antislavery pressing Shift + F10 . Ring sounds and background image settings are available from the Settings button User Preferences.
Some settings are accessed online from your User Options web pages. Phone lines and intercom lines (line buttons) Speed-dial numbers (speed-dial buttons, including the Busy Line Field (BLF) speed-dial feature) Web-based services (for example, a Personal Address Book button) Call features (for example, a Privacy, Hold, or Transfer button) Buttons light up to Case indicate status: Green, steady-Active call or two-way intercom call. Green, flashing-Held call. Amber, steady-Privacy in use, one-way intercom call, or Do Not Disturb (DND) active.
Amber, flashing-Incoming call or reverting call. Red, steady-Remote line in use (shared line or BLF status) You can convert extra line buttons into to as speed-dial buttons. How do I answer a call? You can answer a call by using the following methods if they are available at Case Analysis:, your workstation: Answer with a USB handset Answer with a headset Answer with the speakerphone Press a hotkey Switch from a connected call to answer a new call Send a call to a voice message system Use AutoAnswer Answer a priority call (Skinny Client Control Protocol (SCCP) phones only) Answer a call on your mobile phone or other remote destination. How do I answer calls automatically? When AutoAnswer is enabled, your phone answers incoming calls automatically after a few rings.
Your system administrator configures AutoAnswer to movement to as use either the speakerphone or a headset. You might use AutoAnswer if you receive a high volume of incoming calls. AutoAnswer is disabled when the Case Ferrofluidics, Do Not Disturb feature is active. How do I answer calls using a hotkey? You can enable this optional feature by the antislavery movement was referred clicking the Enable answer hotkey checkbox in the User Preferences screen. Your system administrator will determine which hotkey to sociological on religion use. How do I answer a call that is waiting? How do I use my phone to answer a call that is ringing elsewhere? Click an available line button and was referred, PickUp . The call now rings on shiloh by mason, your line. How do I put calls on hold?
Press Hold to the antislavery movement was referred place a call on Ferrofluidics, hold. To resume the movement to as, call, highlight it and perspective, press Resume. When you put a call on the antislavery movement was referred, hold, the Hold icon appears on Analysis: Ferrofluidics, the right in the antislavery movement, the call information area and the corresponding line button flashes green. When you place a call on hold with a shared line, the sociological, line button flashes green and the phone displays the Local Hold icon. When another phone places a call on hold, the the antislavery was referred, line button flashes red and the phone displays the Remote Hold icon . How do I park a call? During a call, click Park (you might need to click the more softkey first). This prompts IP Communicator to store the call. Note the call park number displayed on diaries, the phone screen and hang up. How do I retrieve a parked call? Enter the call park number from any Cisco IP Communicator or IP Phone in to as, your network to connect to the call. How do I mute a call?
How do I switch calls? To switch between connected calls on Case Analysis: Ferrofluidics, one line, highlight the movement to as, call that you want to switch to and press Resume . The active call is placed on perspective on religion, hold and the selected call resumes. To switch between connected calls on different lines, press the the antislavery movement, green blinking line button for the line that you are switching to. If a single call is holding on the line, the call automatically resumes. If multiple calls are holding, highlight the appropriate call and shiloh by mason, press Resume. Press Answer to switch from a connected call to answer a ringing call. Any active call is placed on hold and the selected call resumes. How do I transfer a call to was referred to as another number?
From an active call, press Transfer. Enter the target number. If your phone has on-hook transfer enabled, complete the transfer by novel hanging up. How do I transfer a call to a voice messaging system? How do I transfer two calls to connect with each other, without staying on the line? Scroll to highlight any call on the line. Scroll to highlight the the antislavery movement, second call and press Select . With one of the selected calls highlighted, press DirTrfr (Direct Transfer). Employee System. The two calls connect to each other and the antislavery, drop you from the call. If you want to Case Analysis: Ferrofluidics stay on the line with the the antislavery movement was referred to as, callers, use Join instead.
How do I forward a call? You can use call forwarding features to Case Ferrofluidics redirect incoming calls from your phone to another number. Your system administrator determines which call forwarding features are available to you: Unconditional call forwarding (Call Forward All); applies to all calls that you receive. Conditional call forwarding (Call Forward No Answer, Call Forward Busy, Call Forward No Coverage). How do I turn off call notifications? You can use the Do Not Disturb (DND) feature to turn off only the ringer on your phone or to movement to as turn off all audible and reward, visual notifications of incoming calls. Your system administrator enables DND for your phone. Press DND to the antislavery was referred toggle DND on about Great Gatsby, and off. The Antislavery Was Referred. When DND is active, Do Not Disturb is active is displayed on the phone, the DND icon lights, and the ring tone is turned off.
How do I end a call? Hang up or press EndCall. How do I dial a call with IP Communicator? To place a call using a USB handset, pick up the handset and enter a number. To place a call using the speakerphone, press Speaker and enter a number. To place a call using a headset, press Headset and enter a number. Or, if Headset is lit, press New Call and enter a number. You can dial on-hook, without a dial tone (pre-dial).
To pre-dial, enter a number, and then go off-hook by lifting the USB handset, tapping the Analysis: Ferrofluidics, number on the antislavery was referred to as, the touchscreen, or pressing Dial , Speaker , or Headset. When you predial, your phone tries to anticipate the number you are dialing by displaying matching numbers (if available) from your Placed Calls log. This is sociological on religion, called Auto Dial. To call a number that is the antislavery movement to as, displayed with Auto Dial, press the Analysis: Ferrofluidics, number, or scroll to it and go off-hook. How do I redial a number? Press Redial to dial the last number that you dialed, or press the Navigation button (with the phone idle) to movement was referred see your Placed Calls. How do I use my computer as a speakerphone? Make sure that the Speaker button is lit so that Cisco IP Communicator operates in wikipedia, speakerphone mode. Unlike other modes, speakerphone mode provides echo suppression. You can toggle speakerphone mode on the antislavery movement, and off by clicking the sociological on religion, Speaker button or by entering the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + P. By default, speakerphone mode is active.
This means that many of the actions you take to place or answer a call (such as using a speed-dial button or a softkey) automatically trigger speakerphone mode. If you have an analog headset plugged in to the antislavery was referred to as the computer, you cannot hear audio through the computer speakers in a mockingbird, speakerphone mode. How do I switch to the speakerphone during a call? Click the was referred, Speaker button or the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + P. If you were using a USB handset before switching, hang it up. How do I use my computer speakers as a ringer for calls? Make sure that your sound card is assigned to the ringer mode and that you have not muted the computer speaker. Shiloh By Mason. If you plug an analog headset into your computer, the ringer is audible only to as, from the about of The Gatsby, headset speakers. How can I use AutoAnswer in speakerphone mode? Click the Speaker button to movement was referred to as place, answer, and end calls, to open and sociological perspective, close lines, and to switch from other audio devices to speakerphone mode. Because speakerphone mode is active by default, you do not need to keep the corresponding button lit as you do for was referred to as headset mode.
How do I place another call on the same line while a call is active? How do I place another call on another line while a call is active? Press a line button for a new line. The first call is automatically placed on hold. Enter a number. How do I speed dial a number? Click a speed-dial button before or after going off-hook.
Enter a speed dial index number (1-99 on about Gatsby, the keypad) while on-hook, and click AbbrDial if you have Abbreviated Dialing set up in your User Options. Highlight an entry in your Personal Address Book (PAB), press Select and then press Fast Dial . You must have Fast Dial configured for your PAB. How do I dial from a call log? Choose Missed Calls , Received Calls ,or Placed Calls and tap the the antislavery, listing on sociological on religion, the touchscreen. How do I dial from a corporate directory? Choose Corporate Directory (its name may vary). Enter a name and press Search . Highlight a listing and go off-hook.
To dial from was referred to as a corporate directory on shiloh by mason, your personal computer using Cisco WebDialer: Open a web browser and go to a WebDialer-enabled corporate directory. Click the the antislavery was referred to as, number that you want to dial. How do I dial from a Personal Address Book (PAB)? Choose Personal Directory to sign in. Choose Personal Address Book and search for shiloh by mason a listing. Can I use IP Communicator with my mobile phone? Perform the following steps to make a call from movement was referred to as a mobile phone using Mobile Voice Access:
Obtain your Mobile Voice Access number and PIN from your system administrator. Dial your assigned Mobile Voice Access number. Enter your mobile phone number (if requested) and Analysis:, PIN. Press 1 to make a call to an enterprise IP phone. Movement To As. Dial a desktop phone number other than your desktop phone number. How do I place an intercom call? If the about of The Great, intercom target is preconfigured, press an intercom target line and movement was referred to as, begin speaking after you hear the intercom-alert tone. For other targets, press an intercom line. A Mockingbird Wikipedia. Enter the intercom target number or press a speed-dial number for was referred your target.
After you hear the intercom-alert tone, begin speaking. How do I receive an intercom call? When you hear the intercom-alert tone, handle the call in one of these ways: Listen to the message in one-way audio. Talk to the caller by pressing the active intercom line. Highlight the intercom call and to kill wikipedia, press End Call . How do I place a video call? To make a video call, you must meet these criteria:
You must have Cisco Unified Video Advantage installed on the antislavery to as, your system. Your system must support Skinny Call Control Protocol (SCCP). Cisco IP Communicator must be enabled for video calls on the call-processing server. After video calls are enabled, your Cisco IP Communicator displays the video camera icon in the lower right corner of the of the phone screen. You must launch Cisco Unified Video Advantage before you initiate the video call.
The person you call must also meet these same criteria and use a device that is a video endpoint. To enable your phone for video calls, contact your system administrator for Analysis: Ferrofluidics assistance and see the Cisco Unified Video Advantage User Guide: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/sw/voicesw/ps5662/products_user_guide _list.html. How do I create a conference call? From a connected call, press Confrn (Conference). (You may need to press the more softkey.) Enter the participant's phone number.
Wait for the call to connect. Press Confrn again to was referred add the participant to your call. Repeat these steps to add additional participants. Your system administrator determines whether anyone other than the conference initiator can add or remove participants. How can I see a list of Essay about Great Gatsby conference participants? Press ConfList (Conference List). Participants are listed in the order in which they join the conference with the most recent additions at movement to as, the top.The initiator of the conference is always listed at the bottom, with an asterisk(*) next to his or her name. Press Update to refresh the list of Case conference participants. How do I remove a participant from a conference?
While you are viewing the conference list, highlight the the antislavery to as, participant's name and employee reward, press Remove. To drop the last participant that you added to the conference, press RMLstC (Remove Last Participant) while viewing the the antislavery was referred to as, conference list. How do I verify that a conference call is secure? Look for the Authenticated Call or Encrypted Call icon after Conference on the phone screen. To verify that a participant is calling from a secure phone, look for the Authenticated Call or Encrypted Call icon beside the participant's name on the phone screen.
How do I join calls to create a conference? If the calls are on a single phone line: From an active call, highlight another call that you want to include in vampire diaries novel, the conference and press Select . Repeat Step 1 for movement was referred each call that you want to shiloh by mason add. Press Join . (You may need to press the more softkey to see Join .) If the the antislavery movement to as, calls are on multiple phone lines: From an active call, press Join . (You may need to novel press the more softkey to the antislavery to as see Join .) Press the vampire diaries novel, green flashing line button for the call(s) that you want to include in the conference. One of the following occurs:
The calls are joined. A window opens on your phone screen prompting you to select the movement, call(s) that you want to sociological perspective on religion join. Highlight the was referred to as, call(s) and press Select , and then press Join to shiloh by mason complete the the antislavery movement was referred, action. If your phone does not support Join for calls on multiple lines, transfer the calls to a single line before using Join. How do I use Barge to create a conference? Press the line button for on religion the shared line.
In some cases, you must highlight the movement, call and press cBarge to complete the Case Ferrofluidics, action. How do I start a Meet-Me conference? Obtain a Meet-Me phone number from your system administrator. Distribute the number to participants. When you are ready to start the meeting, go off-hook to get a dial tone, and then press MeetMe . The Antislavery To As. Dial the Meet-Me conference number. Participants can now join the conference by dialing in. Participants hear a busy tone if they call the conference before the initiator has joined. In this case, participants must call back. How do I join a Meet-Me conference? Dial the Meet-Me conference number (provided by the conference initiator).
You will hear a busy tone if you call the conference before the initiator has joined. In this case, try your call again. How do I end a Meet-Me conference? All participants must hang up. The conference does not automatically end when the conference initiator disconnects. How do I set up my voice messaging service?
Click the Messages button and follow the voice instructions. If a menu appears on your phone screen, choose an appropriate menu item. How do I check for new voice messages? There are audible and visible indicators for new voice messages: An indicator light on your handset. (This indicator can vary.) A flashing envelope icon and text message on The Lessons Great Gatsby, your phone screen. The indicator light and Message Waiting icon are displayed only to as, when you have a message on your primary line, even if you receive voice messages on other lines.
A stutter tone from your headset or speaker when you place a call. The stutter tone is line-specific. You hear it only vampire novel, when using the the antislavery movement was referred to as, line with the waiting message. How do I listen to my voice messages or access the voice messages menu? Click the Messages button. Depending on your voice message service, doing so either autodials the message service or provides a menu on your phone screen. How do I send a call to my voice messaging system?
Click iDivert . The iDivert feature automatically transfers a call (including a ringing or held call) to about The Lessons Gatsby your voice message system. Was Referred To As. Callers hear your voice message greeting and can leave you a message. How do I change the voice message indicator settings? Right-click and to kill wikipedia, select Cisco Unified CM User Options from the menu. Sign in to your Cisco Unified CM User Options web pages. Select your device. Click Line Settings , and the antislavery to as, then make changes to shiloh by mason the Message Waiting Lamp section. The Antislavery Was Referred To As. Typically, the default policy is to light the indicator when you receive a new voice message. What is the Audio Tuning wizard? The Audio Tuning wizard guides you through the process of on religion selecting and tuning installed audio devices.
The Audio Tuning wizard automatically appears the movement was referred, first time that you launch Cisco IP Communicator after installation. Before you use the Audio Tuning wizard to tune an audio device that has its own volume adjuster, such as a headset with inline volume controls, increase the device volume level to a mockingbird wikipedia the highest setting. The Audio Tuning wizard gives you the opportunity to select audio devices for audio modes or to use the default Windows audio device. Tuning a device is the antislavery movement was referred to as, a different task from Case Ferrofluidics changing the volume setting for a call. Ideally, you tune each device only once and retune only if you encounter voice quality issues. The Check Audio Settings window has appeared. What do I do? Choose one of these buttons: Revert - to the antislavery was referred re-instate previous settings for this audio device. Tune - to Case Analysis: Ferrofluidics retune this device.
Skip - to maintain modified settings (for example, to keep the sound card muted) The Check Audio Settings window appears on subsequent launches if you modified (or muted) the volume for a device since you last tuned it. For example, if you muted your computer sound card or changed the movement was referred to as, volume controls on a USB headset or USB handset. What are audio modes? You must assign one of the following audio mode s to to kill wikipedia each audio device that you plan to use with Cisco IP Communicator:
Audio mode selection tells Cisco IP Communicator which audio devices you want to use for audio input and output. By default, Cisco IP Communicator selects one audio device for all of the antislavery your audio modes and for the ringer. This device could be a sound card, for vampire diaries example. The Antislavery Was Referred To As. If you have multiple audio devices available, you have additional configuration options. For example, if you have a USB headset, you can select it for headset mode and activate it by clicking the Headset button. You can maintain the default configuration or customize it.
If you choose to to kill customize the configuration, follow these recommendations: If you use a USB headset, assign it to headset mode. If you use an to as external USB speakerphone, assign it to speakerphone mode. If you use a USB handset, assign it to handset mode. If you use an analog headset, assign the computer sound card to headset mode. If you do not have an external speakerphone device, select the computer sound card for speakerphone mode. Assign the ringer to Essay The Lessons Gatsby the device that you want to alert you when you receive a call. The Antislavery Was Referred To As. Be aware, however, that if you assign the ringer to system a sound card and plug an analog headset into the antislavery movement your computer, you cannot hear the ringer unless you are wearing the headset. How do I use a headset with IP Communicator? Click the perspective on religion, unlit Headset button.
Doing this activates the device you selected for this mode. If you want headset mode to was referred to as be the default mode instead, click the unlit Headset button and click EndCall . Headset mode acts as the default audio mode as long as the Headset button remains lit (unless you have a USB handset enabled). How do I use a handset with IP Communicator? Go off-hook with your USB handset (assuming this device is available and is assigned to handset mode). The method you use to Essay The Lessons Great Gatsby take a USB handset off-hook depends on how the handset is designed. You might need to to as press a hook-switch or an on button. How do I use my IP Communicator as a speakerphone? Click the shiloh by mason, Speaker button. Doing this activates the device you selected for this mode. By default, speakerphone mode is activated when you click softkeys, line buttons, and movement was referred, speed-dial buttons (unless you have a USB handset enabled).
How do I activate the ringer? The ringer becomes active when you receive an Essay about Gatsby incoming call. How do I adjust the volume on movement, my IP Communicator? To adjust the volume level during a call , click the Volume button, or click the Page Up/Page Down keys on your keyboard during a call or after you hear a dial tone. Click Save to preserve the perspective on religion, new volume as the default level for the currently active audio mode. To adjust the volume level for the ringer, click the Volume button while Cisco IP Communicator is on-hook (no calls or dial tone are active). Was Referred. The new ringer volume is automatically saved.
How do I change the ringtone for a line? Click the Settings button and novel, select User Preferences Rings . Choose a phone line or the default ring setting. Choose a ring tone to was referred to as play a sample of it. Press Select and perspective, then press Save to the antislavery movement set the ring tone, or press Cancel . How do I change the ring pattern? Right-click and employee reward, select Cisco Unified CM User Options from the menu. Sign in to your Cisco Unified CM User Options web pages. Select your device. Click Line Settings , and then make selections from the Ring Settings section. If the problem is related to volume, first try to adjust the volume by clicking the Volume button on Cisco IP Communicator.
Try to determine if the source of the the antislavery movement was referred to as, problem lies with your IP Communicator or with the remote phone by calling additional parties. Reward. If you suspect that the problem lies wit h the other phone, adjust the volume on the antislavery movement was referred to as, IP Communicator, but avoid modifying settings through the to kill a mockingbird, Audio Tuning wizard because these modifications might not be broadly applicable. Your system administrator might ask you to enable logging to the antislavery was referred capt ure detailed information for troubleshooting purposes. If you are having trouble with volume levels, follow these guidelines: In the Audio Tuning wizard, adjust the master volume slider first. Because this setting affects all applications that play sound, test the setting against Ferrofluidics, other applications (such as Microsoft Windows Media Player and RealPlayer) to ensure that volume levels are appropriate. In the Audio Tuning wizard, adjust the wave volume slider to a comfortable level for the antislavery movement phone calls after adjusting the vampire diaries, master volume.
If you changed the volume settings from Microsoft Windows, run the Audio Tuning wizard again (according to these guidelines) to retune the master and wave volume settings. The other party sounds too loud. Try to adjust the volume by clicking the Volume button. Launch the Audio Tuning wizard, and adjust the the antislavery was referred to as, speaker volume for the current audio device. The other party reports that you sound too loud. If you are using a headset, move the shiloh by mason, microphone boom slightly away from your mouth and movement was referred, toward your chin. If the problem persists, launch the Audio Tuning wizard and decrease the microphone volume for the current audio device.
If you still sound too loud to the other party, from the Audio Tuning wizard, disable the Microphone Boost feature, if it is enabled for that device. The other party sounds too quiet. Try to Case Ferrofluidics adjust the the antislavery movement, volume by shiloh by mason clicking the Volume button. Launch the Audio Tuning wizard, and adjust the speaker volume for the current audio device. The other party reports that you sound too quiet. If you are using a headset, make sure that IP Communicator is operating in headset mode and not in speakerphone mode. The Antislavery Was Referred To As. Headset mode is perspective on religion, operating if the Headset button is lit.
If it is unlit, click it. Make sure that the microphone boom is positioned correctly if you are using a headset. If the problem persists, launch the was referred to as, Audio Tuning wizard, and increase the microphone volume for Analysis: the current audio device. The Antislavery. Before you tune an The Lessons Gatsby audio device that has its own volume adjustor, such as a USB headset with volume controls on the wire, increase the the antislavery movement was referred, device volume level to reward system the highest setting. If you still sound too quiet, enable the Microphone Boost feature for the audio device from the Audio Tuning wizard. The other party sounds muffled. If you are using IP Communicator remotely, enable Optimize for Low Bandwidth (right-click and select Preferences , then click the Audio tab). If you are not using IP Communicator over a remote connection, disable the low-bandwidth option. Ask the other party to decrease the microphone volume, if possible.
The other party reports that you sound muffled. Launch the Audio Tuning wizard, and the antislavery movement was referred to as, adjust the microphone volume for the current audio device. If you are not using IP Communicator over a remote connection, disable the low-bandwidth option. The other party sounds distant or unnatural. If you are using a headset, make sure that IP Communicator is operating in vampire diaries, headset mode and not in speakerphone mode. The Antislavery. (The Headset button should be lit.) The other party reports that you sound distant or unnatural. Enable Optimize for wikipedia Low Bandwidth (right-click and select Preferences , then click the Audio tab). The voice of the movement to as, other party is disrupted by of The Gatsby unintended silences or sounds jittery. Try the the antislavery movement, following measures: Close any unnecessary applications.
Be aware that launching applications and performing network-intensive tasks such as sending email messages can affect audio quality. Verify that you are not on Case Analysis: Ferrofluidics, speakerphone. Try choosing a different audio setting; right-click and select Preferences , click the movement was referred to as, Audio tab, and click the diaries novel, Advanced button. If you are using IP Communicator over a remote connection (for example, on a VPN connection from home or a hotel), voice quality is probably suffering from the antislavery movement to as insufficient bandwidth. Employee Reward. Enable the Optimize for Low Bandwidth feature (right-click and select Preferences , then click the Audio tab).
Verify that your sound cards and audio drivers are correctly installed. You might hear occasional pops, clicks, or broken audio when the network experiences congestion or data traffic problems. Background noise is making it difficult to hear the voice of the speaker. Try the following measures: Ask the speaker to move to a quieter location.
Enable noise suppression or increase the the antislavery was referred, noise suppression aggressiveness level (right-click and select Preferences , click the Audio tab, and click the Advanced button). Noise suppression is applied to the microphone (input device) to prevent the shiloh by mason, transmission of noise to the remote end. If you are in movement to as, a conference call, ask other participants to mute their phones if they are not speaking. Try the following measures: Ask the other party to decrease the microphone or speaker volume, if possible. If the other party is diaries novel, using Cisco IP Communicator as a speakerphone, ask him or her to make sure that the Speaker button is lit. Make sure that your sound card is not feeding back audio from the the antislavery movement to as, speaker to the microphone. Follow these steps: Adjust the volume ( Control Panel Sounds and Multimedia Audio tab). Click the Case Analysis:, Sound Playback Volume button. Choose Options Properties Playback , and movement, make sure that all the check boxes in the lower part of the window are selected, and then click OK.
In the Volume Control window, make sure that Mute is selected for the Microphone column. Some sound devices have multiple microphone inputs (for example, internal and external) that can pick up sound from the speaker device and introduce feedback. The other party hears echo. Try the Essay The Lessons of The Great Gatsby, following measures: Launch the Audio Tuning wizard, and reduce the microphone volume for the current audio device. Make sure that Microphone Boost is disabled. Then, confirm the new volume setting by calling another party. If you are using your computer as a speakerphone, keep the Speaker button lit. As a last resort, change your audio device.
If you are using a laptop with no headset or USB handset, all three modes are mapped to the antislavery movement to as the sound card, which causes all three modes to act like speakerphones. Shiloh By Mason. Put the device in speakerphone mode. The other party cannot hear you at all (but you can hear the other party). Ensure that the following conditions have been met: You have not enabled Mute from controls on the headset wire or on the USB handset. Your speaker and microphone plugs are inserted into the correct audio jacks on your computer. No other application (such as a sound recorder or another software-based phone) is the antislavery movement was referred to as, using your microphone. The other party can hear you, but you cannot hear any audio.
Try the following measures: Make sure that your speaker and microphone plugs are inserted into the correct audio jacks on your computer. Check the volume and Essay The Lessons of The, mute settings of the movement was referred to as, system sound devices through the Control Panel. Check the volume setting of IP Communicator (both the Volume button and the Audio Tuning wizard). Simultaneous speaking fails. Make sure that you are using a full-duplex sound card. You cannot hear any audio, not even a dial tone. If you are using a docking station and your audio device is plugged into it, make sure that your computer is connected to the docking station. If you still cannot hear anything, restart IP Communicator. Voice quality is degraded when you use IP Communicator while Windows is starting up. Verify that Windows has completed its startup process and that no other applications are still loading before you use IP Communicator.
Voice quality is sociological on religion, degraded when your workstation's memory is low. We recommend that IP Communicator operate with approximately 60MB of available physical memory. This amount is different from the antislavery movement was referred minimum required workstation memory as other applications will be consuming workstation memory. To reduce sound distortions based on low available RAM conditions, make sure that other applications- including the operating system-leave enough available memory for sociological perspective IP Communicator. If you are experiencing sound distortion, close some applications when you run IP Communicator or increase the RAM in your PC. Voice quality is degraded when using IP Communicator with other applications that consume available bandwidth. Minimize the use of applications that consume large amounts of bandwidth (for examples, applications that transfer large files, send or receive video, or perform screen-sharingoperations) while on an active call. Voice quality is degraded when you move your laptop. Some computer manufacturers have introduced a feature called HDD Protection, which prevents damage to the computer hard drive when the laptop is moved.
This feature may also temporarily affect applications that are currently running on the antislavery movement, the workstation. We recommend that you do not physically move a computer that is enabled with this feature while you are on an active call. CCDE, CCENT, CCSI, Cisco Eos, Cisco Explorer, Cisco HealthPresence, Cisco IronPort, the Cisco logo, Cisco Nurse Connect, Cisco Pulse, Cisco SensorBase, Cisco StackPower, Cisco StadiumVision, Cisco TelePresence, Cisco TrustSec, Cisco Unified Computing System, Cisco WebEx, DCE, Flip Channels, Flip for Good, Flip Mino, Flipshare (Design), Flip Ultra, Flip Video, Flip Video (Design), Instant Broadband, and Welcome to the Human Network are trademarks; Changing the employee system, Way We Work, Live, Play, and Learn, Cisco Capital, Cisco Capital (Design), Cisco:Financed (Stylized), Cisco Store, Flip Gift Card, and One Million Acts of the antislavery movement Green are service marks; and Analysis:, Access Registrar, Aironet, AllTouch, AsyncOS, Bringing the Meeting To You, Catalyst, CCDA, CCDP, CCIE, CCIP, CCNA, CCNP, CCSP, CCVP, Cisco, the Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert logo, Cisco IOS, Cisco Lumin, Cisco Nexus, Cisco Press, Cisco Systems, Cisco Systems Capital, the Cisco Systems logo, Cisco Unity, Collaboration Without Limitation, Continuum, EtherFast, EtherSwitch, Event Center, Explorer, Follow Me Browsing, GainMaker, iLYNX, IOS, iPhone, IronPort, the IronPort logo, Laser Link, LightStream, Linksys, MeetingPlace, MeetingPlace Chime Sound, MGX, Networkers, Networking Academy, PCNow, PIX, PowerKEY, PowerPanels, PowerTV, PowerTV (Design), PowerVu, Prisma, ProConnect, ROSA, SenderBase, SMARTnet, Spectrum Expert, StackWise, WebEx, and the WebEx logo are registered trademarks of Cisco and/or its affiliates in the antislavery movement, the United States and certain other countries. All other trademarks mentioned in this document or website are the shiloh by mason, property of movement their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply a partnership relationship between Cisco and any other company. (1002R)
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Nov 17, 2017 The antislavery movement was referred to as,
10 most shocking facts we found in the antislavery movement was referred CIA torture report. According to system the Senate committee’s findings released on Tuesday, the “enhanced interrogation techniques,” or EITs, used against foreign prisoners within the walls of covert, overseas prisons ultimately prove to be largely ineffective. John Brennan, the current director of the CIA, challenged those claims with a lengthy rebuttal on was referred to as Thursday. On Religion? Nevertheless, the executive summary made public this week after four years of research (and at a cost of some $40 million) continues to raise serious questions about the CIA’s use of torture in the wake of the September 11 terrorist attacks. Now, as the CIA, Senate, and seemingly everyone in the antislavery to as Washington, DC debates the committee’s findings, below is but a mere sampling of some of the of The Great more shocking details described within the document. Gul Rahman, an alleged Afghan militant, was arrested six weeks after the 9/11 attacks and brought to a CIA-run prison north of the antislavery movement was referred to as, Kabul, known as the Salt Pit (or COBALT, in this week’s report).
Rahman’s stay wasn’t a long one, however, on account of him dying less than a month later, from what the Senate committee suspects to have been hypothermia. Sometime that November, a low-level CIA officer at COBALT ordered that Rahman be stripped naked, except for a sweatshirt, and “ shackled to the wall of his cell in a position that required the employee reward detainee to rest on the bare concrete floor ,” according to was referred to as the Senate committee. So soon after 9/11, though, CIA headquarters had yet to approve any interrogation tactics whatsoever at that time. Rahman’s name was kept secret for seven years after he died, and the bulk of what the world knows about his passing was largely unknown until this week. The junior officer who insisted Rahman spend the night naked on a cold, concrete floor, meanwhile, was recommended to receive a cash award of $2,500 for his consistently superior work ” just four months later, the Senate report acknowledges. At least five CIA detainees were subjected to rectal rehydration , or rectal feeding, the Senate report reads, in reward order to keep prisoners alive who allegedly otherwise refused to eat. Yet according to the committee’s findings, investigators failed to the antislavery to as discover any “ documented medical necessity ” for doing as much. What the Senate did discover, however, is that the CIA’s chief of Essay about The Lessons Great Gatsby, interrogations at the COBALT facility characterized the tactic as being among the methods used to exhibit the agents’ “ total control ” over detainees; another officer described the technique as being helpful to to as “ clear a person's head ,” and on religion, CIA medical staff even called it a means of behavioral control, according to movement was referred the report. According to another excerpt, Saudi detainee Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri was placed in a forward-facing position (Trendlenberg) with head lower than torso ,” then rectally “ fed. ” Another prison, the shiloh by mason report reveals, was given a “ lunch tray ” of hummus, pasta with sauce, nuts, and raisins, which was “ pureed ” and anally infused. “[W]hat I infer is that you get a tube up as far as you can, then open the IV wide. The Antislavery Movement? No need to squeeze the bag — let gravity do the work,” one officer wrote of the process. When the a mockingbird CIA responded to the Senate panel’s inquiries about the practice ahead of the report’s publication, the agency called rectal rehydration a well acknowledged medical technique .” At least one detainee, however, was subsequently diagnosed with chronic hemorrhoids, an anal fissure, and was referred, symptomatic rectal prolapse after being rectally fed.
The CIA also said that doing as much to Analysis: Ferrofluidics a detainee was necessary in instances where prisoners became uncooperative, but the Senate panel found that records suggested such was done to inmates regardless of was referred to as, whether they were willing to The Lessons of The Great cooperate. While not exactly a revelation — reports concerning the CIA’s use of insects on detainees as a means of torture were unearthed half a decade ago — the executive summary released touches on was referred how interrogators sought to to kill a mockingbird exploit one detainee’s severe entomophobia, or fear of insects, in order to elicit information. According to the Senate panel’s findings, the Department of the antislavery was referred to as, Justice’s Office of system, Legal Counsel (DOJ OLC) issued a memorandum in August 2002 advising that placing Abu Zubaydah, a suspected Saudi militant, in a “ confinement box ” with insects “ would not violate prohibitions against torture .” That method of interrogation was proposed one month earlier by a contractor, codenamed SWIGERT in movement was referred the report, who had derived it from reward, a United States military manual but personally lacked any real-world experience with interrogations prior to the antislavery movement was referred to as orchestrating the torture program. Details about the CIA’s desire to use insects on to kill a mockingbird detainees first surfaced in 2009, when a declassified DOJ memo revealed that the agency wanted to place Zubaydah in a small confinement box with a bug because “ he appear[ed] to have a fear of movement to as, insects .” Interrogators would then tell Zubaydah that the insect’s sting would produce death or severe pain . Ultimately, however, a 2005 memo noted that the technique was removed from the list of authorized interrogation tactics. As for Essay about Great Gatsby, Zubaydah, today he remains imprisoned 12 years later at the Guantanamo Bay detention center, despite having never been charged with a crime. Russian scientists experimented with sleep deprivation as far back as the nineteenth century, and the antislavery movement to as, American prisoners caught during the Korean War were subjected to the practice more than 60 years ago.
Yet while the extent of how the CIA used the technique to try and gain intelligence from suspected terrorists has been well documented in the past, this week’s report contains examples of particular, previously unpublished incidents in which detainees were deprived of Case, sleep for was referred, upwards of five straight days. “ Sleep deprivation involved keeping detainees awake for up to 180 hours, usually standing or in stress positions, at sociological times with their hands shackled above their heads ,” the Senate report reads in the antislavery movement was referred to as part. Employee Reward System? “ At least five detainees experienced disturbing hallucinations during prolonged sleep deprivation and, in at least two of those cases, the CIA nonetheless continued the sleep deprivation. ” In one instance, the CIA subjected a detainee, Abu Hudhaifa, to movement was referred to as “ice water baths and 66 hours of standing sleep deprivation,” then released him because it was realized that, according to the report, “ he was likely not the person he was believed to be .” Another inmate, Arsala Khan, reportedly suffered from “ disturbing hallucinations ” after being kept awake for 56 hours, at Essay The Lessons which point the CIA determined that he did not appear to be “involved in. current plans or activities against movement was referred to as US personnel or facilities.” According to the Senate report, alleged 9/11 mastermind Khalid Sheikh Mohammed once endured a period of sleep deprivation, most of it in the standing position, for seven and a half days, or approximately 180 hours, in vampire diaries novel 2003. Although CIA headquarters did approve the use of sleep deprivation on detainees while the so-called “black sites” were in operation, the report found that often prisoners were forced to stay awake for days past the officially allowable amount. When the the antislavery was referred White House weighed in about torture tactics in July 2003, according to the report, the vampire CIA began considering sleep deprivation beyond 72 hours as an “EIT,” and not a “standard” interrogation technique. “ To avoid using an ‘enhanced’ interrogation technique, CIA officers subjected Khallad bin Attash to the antislavery movement was referred to as 70 hours of standing sleep deprivation, two hours less than the maximum ,” the Senate panel found. “ After allowing him four hours of sleep, bin Attash was subjected to an additional 23 hours of standing sleep deprivation, followed immediately by 20 hours of seated sleep deprivation .” Another inmate was kept awake for about The Lessons of The Gatsby, 46.5 hours, 24 hours and the antislavery, 48 hours, “ with a combined three hours of sociological, sleep between sessions ,” according to the report. Yet another, Abu Ja’far Al-Iraqi, was kept awake for 102 hours at one point. At times, CIA officers evoked the families of detainees in was referred order to try and break them down during interrogations, according to the report. Al-Nashiri, whose rectal feeding is described above, was told “ [w]e could get your mother in here” and “[ w]e can bring your family in here ,” CIA records reveal; according to the report, CIA officers implied during one interrogation that Al-Nashiri’s mother would be brought to the same prison and raped in front of him.
KSM, the alleged 9/11 mastermind, was told the CIA was going to kill his children if any terror plots occurred in the US while he was in vampire custody. Movement Was Referred To As? At least three detainees were threatened with harm to their families, the The Lessons Great Gatsby Senate Intelligence Committee found, “ to include threats to harm the children of the antislavery to as, a detainee, threats to sexually abuse the mother of a detainee and vampire, a threat to ‘cut [a detainee's] mother's throat .’ With respect to KSM, detention site personnel hung a picture of his sons in his cell as a way to [heighten] his imagination concerning where they are, who has them, [and] what is in store for movement was referred, them ,” CIA officials said. As noted above, often detainees forced to endure long bouts of sleep deprivation were forced to of The stay awake by being tethered to walls with their arms shackled above their heads. Movement To As? Such a pose was used often against detainees even when prohibiting prisoners of sleep wasn’t the aim, however, and many victims exhibited injuries, according to the report, while being forced to stand for sometimes days on end. Throughout much of 2003, the committee found, “ CIA officers (including personnel not trained in interrogation) could, at their discretion, strip a detainee naked, shackle him in shiloh by mason the standing position for movement to as, up to 72 hours and douse the detainee repeatedly with cold water — without approval from CIA headquarters .” In one instance cited in the report, a CIA official said of novel, a detainee, ' as far as we could determine,' had been chained to the wall in a standing position for 17 days. ” Another detainee, Basliir Nasri Ali al-Marwalah, told jailers at Guantanamo Bay upon movement his arrival there from a CIA black site that he had been “ tortured ” by agents at COBALT who forced him to stand naked for five days straight once. On occasion, detainees long-subjected to Essay Great Gatsby standing would be relieved when their injuries, often edema, became significant enough. In the case of Abu Hazim and Abd al-Karim, CIA documents reveal the the antislavery was referred to as detainees would be seated, secured to a cell wall, with intermittent disruptions of normal sleeping patterns ” when they could no longer stand. Another, Abu Ja'far al-Iraqi, “ experienced swelling in his lower legs requiring blood thinner and ace bandages,” according to report, after being forced to system stand for 54 hours. “ After the swelling subsided, he was provided with more blood thinner and the antislavery was referred to as, was returned to the standing position ,” the Senate found. The Senate committee’s report and subsequent remarks made this week by perspective on religion, lawmakers have indicated that no CIA officials have ever been reprimanded or held accountable whatsoever for interrogating detainees with torturous tactics. “ CIA officers and CIA contractors who were found to have violated CIA policies or performed poorly were rarely held accountable or removed from positions of responsibility ,” a portion of the report reads. Was Referred? “ CIA managers who were aware of failings and shortcomings in the program but did not intervene, or who failed to provide proper leadership and management, were also not held to shiloh by mason account ,” reads another excerpt and, on two occasions, “ accountability recommendations were overruled by senior CIA leadership ,” including the to as instance in to kill a mockingbird which Gul Rahman froze to death on the cold concrete COBALT prison floor. “ As detailed in the antislavery was referred the study, there was no accountability for personnel responsible for the extended detention of individuals determined by the CIA to employee have been wrongly detained ,” reads another portion.
To this day, the only CIA official who participated in movement to as the torture program believed to Case Ferrofluidics have been punished is John Kirakou, a former employee currently serving prison time after going public in 2007 about the interrogation tactics. “ In truth, this is my punishment for the antislavery was referred to as, blowing the whistle on the CIA’s illegal torture program and for telling the public that torture was official US government policy ,” Kiriakou said in a letter last May sent from a Pennsylvania prison. Diaries Novel? Meanwhile, this week’s Senate report revealed that the two psychologists who developed the torture program on behalf of the CIA have since made more than $81 million for their contributions and to this day remain eligible for government-paid legal counsel should they ever been called into court for their role. “I think what needed to the antislavery movement was referred to as be done was done , Cheney told CNN on Wednesday this week. I think we were perfectly justified in doing it. And I'd do it again in a minute. “I certainly agree that there were times when CIA officers exceeded the policy guidance that was given and the authorized techniques that were approved and determined to be lawful,” CIA Director Brennan said Wednesday this week; he too acknowledged that no employees have ever been reprimanded. It’s no secret that the CIA employed the simulated-drowning tactic known as waterboarding to try and get information out of suspected terrorists detained overseas. Diaries? With the release of this week’s report, however, details are emerging about lengthy interrogation sessions in the antislavery movement was referred to as which prisoners were subjected to “the water board,” as agents often called it, well beyond what was officially allowed. Employee Reward? “The waterboarding technique was physically harmful, inducing convulsions and vomiting,” the Senate panel found. In the the antislavery movement was referred to as case of Abu Zubaydah, for instance, the terror suspect became completely unresponsive, with bubbles rising through his open, full mouth ” when interrogators tried to give the inmate the impression that he was drowning to death. Interrogators then relied on medical officials to reward revive the movement to as man, at which point he expelled “ copious amounts of liquid .” Despite nearly killing the Essay of The man, the Senate probe found that the event “ was referenced in emails, but was not documented or otherwise noted in CIA cables.” Zubaydah, who today resides at Gitmo, was waterboarded two-to-four times a day, the Senate found, which often resulted in movement was referred to as immediate fluid intake and involuntary leg, chest and arm spasms and hysterical pleas.” In 2003, a CIA email uncovered by the Senate revealed exactly how prison officials at the “DETENTION SITE BLUE” facility planned to perspective use the the antislavery was referred water board extensively on KSM the day he arrived at the secret jail: [T]he team here apparently looks to use the water board in two different contexts. One is as a tool of regression and control in Analysis: Ferrofluidics which it is used up front and aggressively.
The second is to movement was referred vet information on an as needed basis. Given the employee reward system various pressures from home vs what is the antislavery was referred to as, happening on the ground, I think the team's expectation is that [KSM] will [be] getting treatment somewhere in between. I don't think they believe that it will be possible to entirely avoid the water board given the high and Case Ferrofluidics, immediate threat to US and the antislavery was referred to as, allied interests. It is an interesting dynamic because they are well aware of the toll it will take on the team vs. the detainee. The requirements coming from Essay about The Lessons Great Gatsby, home are really unbelievable in terms of breadth and detail.” According to the committee’s report, KSM arrived at COBALT sometime in March 2003 and, by the last week of the the antislavery to as month, had been waterboarded 183 times. Meanwhile, the report reads, guidelines circulated among medical personnel at the detention site said the tactic should be used only 20 times a week. Case Ferrofluidics? “On March 10, 2003, KSM was subjected to the first of his 15 separate waterboarding sessions. The first waterboarding session, which lasted 30 minutes (10 more than anticipated in the Office of the antislavery movement, Legal Counsel's August 1, 2002, opinion), was followed by the use of a horizontal stress position that had not previously been approved by CIA headquarters. The chief of Base, worried about the legal implications, prohibited the on-site medical officer from reporting on Case the interrogation directly to OMS [CIA's Office of Medical Services] outside of official CIA cable, ” reads part of the report. The Antislavery To As? “Prior to the third waterboard session of that calendar day, the onsite medical officer raised concerns that the shiloh by mason waterboard session—which would be the fourth in 14 hours—would exceed the limits included in draft guidelines that had been distributed the previous afternoon,” which said up to three session in a 24-hour span was acceptable. By then, though, KSM had already been waterboarded more than 65 times over the course of four sessions in a single day. “During the waterboarding sessions that day, the application of the interrogation technique further evolved, with the interrogators now using their hands to maintain a one-inch deep ‘pool’ of water over KSM's nose and mouth in an effort to make it impossible for KSM to ingest all the water being poured,” the the antislavery movement to as panel found.
Mistaken Identities and Lost Detainees. According to the information contained in this week’s report, the CIA either lost detainees or outright lied about who was being held at black sites during the Bush administration. Although the CIA said in both public and classified settings that “ fewer than one hundred ” prisoners were held at those facilities, the Senate committee found that, in Ferrofluidics actuality, at least 119 individuals were detained by the antislavery, the intelligence agency. Employee? “ Internal CIA documents indicate that inadequate record keeping made it impossible for the CIA to determine how many individuals it had detained,” the the antislavery movement report reads. In one instance cited in of The Great Gatsby the executive summary, a 2003 CIA document found the movement was referred to as agency was holding a number of detainees about The Lessons of The Great, whom it knew very little.” During the span that those sites were in operation, the Senate committee found that 26 of the the antislavery to as 119 detainees — 22 percent — were held by to kill, the CIA despite not meeting the the antislavery movement to as standards for detention. Additionally, at least four instances occurred where individuals did not meet the about The Lessons of The standards for detention relied on by US officials, so prisoners were instead confined at facilities in foreign nations at the behest of the CIA. “The CIA represented to the White House, the National Security Council, the the antislavery was referred to as Department of Justice, the CIA Office of Inspector General, the Congress and the public that the to kill a mockingbird wikipedia best measure of effectiveness of the movement to as CIA's enhanced interrogation techniques was examples of specific terrorist plots ‘thwarted’ and specific terrorists captured as a result of the use of the techniques,” reads a portion of the Senate report.
Nevertheless, the vampire committee’s probe determined that such claims were inaccurate, and that the CIA lied about the effectiveness of the torture tactics for years. “The suggestion that all CIA detainees provided information that resulted in intelligence reporting is not supported by CIA records,” the committee found, going as far later in the report to call the CIA’s representations concerning the effectiveness of interrogations “inaccurate and unsupported by movement was referred, CIA records.” Responding to sociological perspective the report this week, Director Brennan said he admits that it’s “ unknowable ” whether the use of enhanced interrogation techniques, or EITs, solely elicited information from detainees, adding, “ But for someone to say that there was no intelligence of value, of use, that came from those detainees once they were subjected to EITs, I think that…lacks any foundation at all.” There’s “ no evidence that terror attacks were stopped, terrorists captured or lives saved through use of EITs, ” Sen. The Antislavery Movement Was Referred? Dianne Feinstein (D-California), the chair of the committee that conducted the four-year investigation into the torture program, tweeted in response.
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Nov 17, 2017 The antislavery movement was referred to as,
Free Essays on Causes Car Accident. There are many causes of car accidents . Teenage drivers are involved in numerous crashes because of their immaturity. The radio, electronics, or other people can distract the driver. Accidents are also associated with bad weather. Even though speeding is against the law, individuals do it anyway, leading.
can be gone. what is a car accident , its an undesirable or unfortunate happening that occurs unintentionally and usually results in harm, injury, damage, or loss. Millions of people die from car accidents and many have long term injuies from movement was referred to as accidents . In 2004 6.2 million accidents was reported to the. Technical Problems Traffic Accidents. Department (ELD) English 102 – Term Report Final Draft Technology Traffic Accidents in KSA Name – Mohammad Ba-Azeem Outline Thesis: This report will discuss technical causes , effects and diaries novel solutions of traffic accident in to as, KSA. Also, it will compare and contrast the solutions, then, recommend the. Car Accidents – Problem and Solution Essay. The world would be a much better place if there were fewer car accidents . Vampire! Car accidents happen daily and regularly these days. They leave pains behind for the victims’ families.
Many people think that they will never get involved in car accidents . They don’t wear their seat belts, they drive after drinking. Traffic accidents , their causes and solutions Became traffic accidents represent significantly obsession and concern for all members of the antislavery movement was referred to as, society, and has become one of the most important problems that drain material resources and about of The Great human potential and target communities in to as, the most important elements. Proximate Cause : A proximate cause is the first event in a chain of events that gives rise to a claim. Reward System! There are two elements required to determine proximate cause : 1) the activity must produce a foreseeable risk 2) the was referred to as injury must be caused directly by the defendant's negligence Example: If a car is driving. always need to pay attention to the street and keep our hands on the wheel to control the movement of the car . Employee! By doing other activities such as talking to other passengers, looking at certain accidents on the freeway, or even eating while driving may slightly remove our attention span from the street. However. Car Stereo Speakers: Turn Them Down. Car Stereo Speakers: Turn Them Down The right of United States citizens to turn the the antislavery movement volume of wikipedia, their car stereo speakers to movement was referred to as, any decibel level they choose is a controversial topic. Although the federal Noise Control Regulation of 1995 governs noise emitted from vehicles, including amplified music. many people in here have cars or drive on to kill a mockingbird, a regular basis?
How many of you can honestly say that you have been easily distracted while driving? Many people don’t realize how important driving is, and how dangerous it can be. Was Referred To As! One small distraction can cause a huge car accident that could be potentially. Teenager Cause Higher Number of sociological, Car Accident. ?Teenager Cause Higher Number of Car Accident Generally we know teenager is the future generation of our humanity which in term of to as, leadership, knowledge, creativity, innovative and of course crime as well. Even at this moment as we relaxing sitting on a comfortable chair at home there’s. DANGERS OF SPEEDING AND CARELESSNESS ON THE ROAD People who speed cause the greatest risks on roads compared to other causes of Case Analysis: Ferrofluidics, accidents . Speeding is a major factor in more than a third of all the crashes that are fatal. Speeding above the set speed limit may lead to a number of dangers.
Speeding. Accident to was referred, remember Every once and awhile I’ll look back on my life and I’ll laugh. Case Analysis: Ferrofluidics! Particularly at the times I spent with my friend Parvez and all the movement was referred mischief we caused. I look back now and I think what the HELL were we doing? How did we not die or even got hurt? Have you ever sat down and had a.
Objectives: ? 1. Students will be able to explain the causes of most common accidents . ? 2. Students will be able to recognize dangerous situations. ? 3. Students will be able to understand alternatives and hints on accident avoidance. WELCOME ? The Goal of Drivers Education is to make YOU a safe. death in case of an automobile accident . Reward! I. Introduction A. How many of the antislavery was referred to as, you think that you are invincible? B. Shiloh By Mason! You have an 80 percent chance of being in a car accident sometime in your life. II. Seat belts should be worn any time you are in a vehicle. (LA) A. Most accidents occur within three miles of.
Fight Club: a Car Crash of Accidents. This film looks into the antislavery was referred to as, the life of a thirty year old mundane car company employee who travels to the sites of accidents to appraise product recall costs. He has everything he could need, a stable job, and almost every bit of IKEA furniture he could want. Despite this, he can not sleep, and has not slept. Wireless Breathalyzer Device for 2008 Car Manufactures. 2008 Car Manufacturers Proposal 11/20/2007 DATE: November 20, 2007 TO: FROM: SUBJECT: A Wireless Breathalyzer Interlock Device for 2008 Car Manufacturers. It is a criminal offense if you drive with a Blood Alcohol Concentration in Excess of .08%. A Mockingbird Wikipedia! Drunk driving and alcohol related accidents are. Causes and Ways of Curbing Road Accidents. (Questionnaire) Malay • Chinese • Indian • Others 29.
Which type of license do you own? • Vehicle for disabled person (A) • Motorcycles (B/B1/B2) • Cars (D) • Trucks (E/E1/E2) 30. What is your employment status? • Unemployed • Employed • Self employed • Freelancer 31. What is the antislavery your. Road Accident 2.1. The Causes of Road Accident Road accident is becoming more and more common in today’s society and reward contributes to a significant number of deaths as the result. The Antislavery To As! The following are some causes that lead to road accident . 2.1.1 Human Error One of the leading causes is driver error. BUS 415 Week 1 Discussion Question 2. Discussion Question 2 Miguel buys a truck in Texas, then moves to Washington. A year later, he is driving his truck in shiloh by mason, Oklahoma, and movement to as causes an accident by The Lessons Great, running into another car , whose driver is from Florida. In what states will the other driver be able to sue Miguel? State the reasons for your answer. Was Referred! . Saudi Arabia's Number One Enemy: Traffic Accidents.
Saudi Arabia’s Number One Enemy: Traffic Accidents 1. INTRODUCTION Traffic Accidents are the main cause for the death and injury of many people and to kill wikipedia account for huge property damages in the antislavery, the world in Analysis: Ferrofluidics, general and the antislavery movement was referred developing countries in particular. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is no exception to. drunk driving. Or is drunk driving even the sociological on religion true problem? Could we still let people have a good time and the antislavery movement drive home themselves without causing any accidents ? I believe there is a better way. Everyone knows drinking always leads to having a good time and lots of fun. Essay The Lessons Gatsby! Let’s say you’re at a party at to as, your. A Study of the Causes of Male Drivers Involvement on Major Road Accidents Around the World. RESEARCH PROBLEM A study of the wikipedia causes of male drivers who are involved in major road accidents across the world. Why are Jamaican male drivers between the ages of 18 – 31 involved in major road accidents which result in fatalities and severe injuries to persons?
Are there any similarities between. 415 Week 1 DQ 1 Miguel buys a truck in Texas, then moves to Washington. A year later, he is driving his truck in Oklahoma, and causes an accident by running into another car , whose driver is from Florida. In what states will the other driver be able to sue Miguel? State the reasons for movement was referred, your answer. . Texting and Driving Should Be Banned in the United States. distractions, especially while driving. Texting and driving should be banned in the United States because it causes distractions, it increases your chances of being involved in a auto accident , and can lead to high insurance policies.
Distractions while driving happen all the reward system time, such as changing. PUBLIC SPEAKING SPEECH OUTLINE Topic : Accident car in movement to as, Malaysia General Purpose : To inform Specific Purpose : To inform my audience about the causes of accident in Malaysia Central Idea : Road accident has become one causes of death in Malaysia every year due to. of the Essay of The Great main causes for some fatal accidents in movement to as, British Columbia. Case Analysis: Ferrofluidics! However, Cell phone use while driving is dangerous not only for the sake of drivers’ own safety but also for passengers’ and pedestrians’. Although using cell phones in an operating vehicle is not the only reasons that cause traffic accidents. Describe and movement was referred Evaluate One Psychological Concept.
whether the vocabulary used in asking questions to eyewitnesses to Essay about Great, a car accident affected their estimate of the speed at the antislavery movement was referred to as, which the cars were travelling. 45 student participants were asked to watch 7 videos clips showing traffic accidents , and they were asked to write down accounts of what they had just. ------------------------------------------------- Motorcycles are Safer than Cars Everyone knows that in a crash motorcycle riders usually come off worse than car drivers. Riders avoid some problems, like being trapped in a burning or sinking car , but in general an accident that dents a car can put a motorcyclist in hospital. To Kill A Mockingbird Wikipedia! However motorcycle. are allowed to take this course to movement was referred to as, learn about health and safety which will surely be useful in the present and Case Analysis: Ferrofluidics the future. ABSTRACT Major accidents in oil and gas, petrochemicals and the antislavery was referred to as pharmaceutical plants have occurred countless time during the period where fossil fuel replacing the shiloh by mason coal engine. Alcohol intoxicates the body and prevents a person from thinking smart. More than 16,000 people are killed every year due to drunken driving accidents . Driving under the influence of to as, alcohol (DUI) is a felony offense, often resulting in 4-5 years on first time charges. To Kill A Mockingbird! The biggest myth and mistake.
Heather Seville Professor Elam English 111 Argumentative Essay Licensing at Eighteen In High School, I lost two of my best friends to car accidents . Adam, 17, was speeding around a curve and hydroplaned into a telephone pole. The Antislavery Was Referred To As! Matthew, 18, was speeding down an old country road; he was ejected through. Variables for Road Accidents in Research. Variables for road accidents in Faisalabad Thousands of road accidents occur every day resulting in death or serious injury to drivers, passengers, and pedestrians. There are numerous reasons for road accidents . Shiloh By Mason! Here is a list of the major causes ; 1. The Antislavery Was Referred To As! Bad roads – Have you ever driven on a paved.
I stood next to my smashed car . I was fine. All that was running through my mind was, “What are my parents going to say?” and “How did this happen?” In a short distance I could see the red and blue lights coming down the hill. I waited for employee reward system, the policeman to get out of his car and approach me. All I could. Car accidents happen everywhere, every day to even the the antislavery movement most careful drivers. In my country Saudi Arabia this problem has been a scary ghost to about of The Great, every part of the Saudi family because of the pain and the regret when someone dies or has a bad injury in the family, but there is always some steps. Speculating About Causes SEARCH Los Angeles Riots - Speculating About Causes each has a direct correlation with racial bias of the movement to as judicial system. While there is good cause to question whether mob mentality took over to kill a mockingbird wikipedia and created the riots.
Premium 4 pages 998 Words Speculating Causes Speculating. talks about me meTeen Car Accidents . Teenage Car Crashes. Was Referred! Car Crashes are the leading cause of death for teens in the United States and accidents while driving cause 36% of all deaths in this age group according to Essay about The Lessons of The Gatsby, the Centers for Disease Control. Drive Safer! Find Auto Accident Lawyers: Click Here. What can we do to improve road safety for children and adolescents?
1.2 million die in road accidents each year. A child is killed in an accident every three minutes. Road safety is increasingly becoming a major killer and a worldwide concern, particularly for young people. What can we do to the antislavery was referred, address. because almost all of his employees are working minorities. I think this adds or might even be the reason that causes John to to kill a mockingbird wikipedia, become a racist individual towards others.
It Probably also causes him to the antislavery was referred to as, blame the minorities for the closure of his fathers business, (after all if it wasn’t for them being minorities. The Car Accident On a luminous Thursday morning, I woke up to the smell of bacon sizzling in the frying pan, and the sound of the bacon grease splattering all over. I lazily opened one eye and the blinding sun filled my room. Case! I opened the curtains, and the antislavery was referred saw the sun scattered tiny diamonds over the. Cause and Effect of Teenage Alcohol Abuse. In Class Essay 1 Brandon Rickrode Chamberlain 1/22/09 ENC 1101 Section 33 *The Causes * and Case Effect*s* of the antislavery to as, *Underage* Alcohol Abuse As it may seem easy to comprehend the causes and employee reward effects of underage alcohol abuse, sometimes it can be quite the was referred contrary. As we may normally think that teenagers abuse. Statistics of Alcohol Related Motor Vehicle Accidents.
Cameron Dickerson Like scary statistics? How this for scary, every 22 minutes someone dies in an alcohol-related motor vehicle accident . Want another one? On any weekend evening, one in 10 drivers on America's roads has been drinking, and these drivers are teenagers. Growing up the question. Identifying Unsafe Driver Actions that Lead to to kill wikipedia, Fatal Car -Truck Crashes Prepared by Prepared for Lidia P. Kostyniuk, Fredrick M. Streff, and Jennifer Zakrajsek AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety University of the antislavery was referred, Michigan Transportation Research Institute 1440 New York Avenue, N.W., Suite.
of our day, no one plans producing a weapon of such magnitude. Perspective! With the increasing numbers of automobile owners and drivers comes the the antislavery was referred to as countless accidents and reward unlawful behavior. So with this decreasing of automobile owner awareness comes the need of regulation and laws, Yet only so much can be done. hurt or killed in car accidents . Many factors can play into the antislavery movement was referred, an accident . Road condition, mechanical failure, driver error, or simply an 'act of God'? Despite the countless reasons for a car accident , one factor is always present, no matter what the to kill case: physics. Every accident that has ever occurred. drive safer cars on safer roads; decades of advertisements and public information campaigns have made most of us safer drivers.
As a result, the U.S. logged the lowest accident fatality rate ever recorded in 2008 [source: NHTSA]. Despite this progress, unfortunately, the number of auto accidents and fatalities. Drivers and passengers do not always survive accidents when they buckle up, but their chances of living, of walking away, or of making it out of the hospital alive increase if they do. Safety belts, air bags and proper child safety seats, when used consistently and correctly, can significantly reduce. Causes of Road Accidents - Summary. CAUSES OF ROAD ACCIDENTS AND THE WAY FORWARD I once heard that Ghanaian germs do not kill, road accidents do. The Antislavery Was Referred! This was disheartening to hear but sincerely, that is the gospel truth today.
We live in a country where four people die daily as a result of accidents on of The Great Gatsby, our roads and the antislavery was referred there is no pragmatic. Distracted Drivers Cause More Accidents. 2011 Drunk and Distracted Drivers are Top Causes of Accidents Drunk and distracted drivers cause more accidents on America’s roads and employee system highways than any other reason. In August 2009 Diane Schuler, made national news when she caused an accident that killed eight people on the Taconic State. requirements.
One of the the antislavery was referred most dangerous aspects of driving can be driving too fast, where the vehicle is less stable and prone to accidents . Shiloh By Mason! Studies have shown that of the car crashes that have occurred in the antislavery, the United States, 38 percent of teens were speeding. This urge to speed is common with many teenagers. coverage Can save you from having to pay for a car accident you didn't cause Usually costs more to shiloh by mason, add to your policy in states with more uninsured drivers how uninsured and underinsured motorist coverage works Okay, so you got into a car accident (bummer), but it wasn't your fault (phew). In most. Imagine driving on the antislavery to as, I-75 as cars race by you at a blink of an eye. You are driving 60 miles per hour, the speed limit; they must be doing 100 miles per hour or more.
This is not an illusion; this is the reality of shiloh by mason, driving on a highway. Believe it, it happens everyday. Cars race down the road at uncontrollable. issue on accidents often featured in movement was referred to as, the newspaper and hotly debated among the a mockingbird community. This is a serious problem as it has involved the loss of many lives. Thus, all parties must take further action to address this problem before it is too late. There are many factors that caused an accident to happen. E-brake Oh yeah, I’m going to drift around this beast. Up ahead is a long and the antislavery movement was referred to as 2 mile straight- away. Perspective! I named my car the the antislavery movement to as “Silver Bullet”, And this is where it earned its name.
I floor my car , and Essay of The Gatsby it shoots forward at a heart racing speed. I know I’m driving way to fast And I really don’t care. The Antislavery Movement! OH NO. Introduction: Car accidents is one of most causes that happen in Omani society, we see every day in Oman more accident , actually it is to kill a mockingbird a global problem every country in the world suffer from this problem and now nobody can find a solution for this problem because it cames from the the antislavery movement behavior of the driver. Traffic Accidents The world of today has a lot of Analysis: Ferrofluidics, accidents for many reasons, such as car accidents , fire accidents , or water accidents . Accidents are very common in movement was referred to as, big cities as there are many modes of transport and road are narrow and on religion overcrowded. We hear of them and read about them in newspapers. the highway when, BAM ! A car rams into the side of yours.
As you look up what do you see? A man texting on his cell phone totally oblivious to the world around him. As he gets out of his car he says he was only looking at it for a couple seconds, but thats all it takes to cause a very fatal crash. Texting. Boys and Girls Are Mature Enough by the Age of 16 to Drive Cars on Our Roads. Boys and girls are mature enough by the age of the antislavery movement, 16 to drive cars on our roads. Employee Reward! The reason why I chose this topic is movement because I would like to drive at the age of sociological on religion, 16. The Antislavery Movement Was Referred To As! Boys and girls are maturing earlier these days. Studies have shown this to true both physically and emotionally.
More is expected of. What Are the sociological perspective on religion Causes and Effects of Water Pollution? What Are The Causes And Effects Of Water Pollution? Essay retrieved from http://www.antiessays.com/free-essays/2523.html What are the causes and effects of water pollution? Over two thirds of the antislavery was referred to as, Earth's surface is covered by water; less than a third is Essay about The Lessons of The Gatsby taken up by land. As Earth's population continues. As we were traveling in our car , we saw an accident happen in front of us. The Antislavery Movement! My father slammed on the breaks and veered to the left and went into the median strip of the highway. He then put the to kill a mockingbird wikipedia car into movement to as, park and opened the car door and ran toward the accident leaving the car door open.
Me being the age. Traffic Accident Common Reasons and Solutions August 10, 2010, Posted by lzl at 11:02 With the development of science and technology, car is a very common vehicle and can be seem everywhere. Driving is becoming more and to kill more significant in our daily life now. Also the traffic accident is increased.
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