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A leader is a man or woman whom is Essay about The Road, not only conducting people but are also a constant role model to society. Underlying Meaning. There are core qualities that a leader must contain deep down. Qualities such as passion, optimism, willingness, and confidence make a fortuitous leader. A hero has similar qualities, but the qualities. Achilles , God , Hebrews 1152 Words | 3 Pages.
? Achilles vs . Gilgamesh By Greg R . Honors Humanities I 1 For thousands of Essay The Road, years, cultures have remembered their heroes through long, narrative poems known as epics. The most well-known Mesopotamian epic was the Epic of our town stage manager, Gilgamesh. The Greeks were also well known for their writing ability. One of the most popular Greek epics was the Iliad. Essay About. Just recently, ideas began to pop up that there are specific. Achilles , Epic of Gilgamesh , Epic poetry 1542 Words | 4 Pages. ? Oedipus Rex vs . By Maxine Kingston. Hamlet Compare and contrast of about The Road to Addiction, Oedipus and Hamlet. Is Oedipus more a man of . action? Or is our town stage, he more a man driven by whim and sudden, rash decisions? Which character is more selfless?
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Or is he more a man driven by whim and sudden, rash decisions? . Which character is more selfless? Does Hamlet show any signs of selfish motives in his actions or inactions? Which protagonist seems more learned? wiser? more religious? more loving? more incestuous? Which seems to be a better murder investigator? Does Oedipus have any of Claudius' motives when he kills the king, Laius? Then which murderer is more blameworthy-- Oedipus or Claudius. Characters in Hamlet , Ghost , Greek mythology 1345 Words | 4 Pages. Hamlet vs Oedipus Hamlet by William Shakespeare and Oedipus the King by Sophocles are both tragic stories which . contain many elements of which are similar and different. Although both Hamlet and Oedipus suffer from Essay about The Road to Addiction fate, Hamlet’s father is murdered by his brother Claudius, while Oedipus kills his own father. Both Hamlet and fedex uk jobs Oedipus have the opportunity to shun their fate, but the two men believe themselves to be the only individual who can resolve the predicament which they are faced with. The.
Characters in Hamlet , Encyclop?dia Britannica , Hamlet 1482 Words | 4 Pages. Oedipus the King vs Matchpoint Among today’s society a strong majority of people believe that our lives can be led by an . About The Road. external force, a divine power, that controls our fate. However, a debate that continues today questions whether we as humans have the ability to make choices in assimilation, free will or allow that divine power to limit us and control our destiny. In the critically acclaimed play, Oedipus the King and the academy award nominated movie, Matchpoint the protagonist both seem to about The Road to Addiction, have the power. Free will , Greek mythology , Jocasta 1077 Words | 3 Pages. Inanna vs . Oedipus Rex The two stories, “Inanna,” and “ Oedipus Rex,” both have two characters that have similar . personality traits.
The most evident trait is our town manager, leadership. Both characters, Inanna and Oedipus Rex, showed the audience that they consist of many different traits that a leader needs to have. Inanna and Oedipus both have strong leadership skills, but Inanna is more experienced and has better leadership qualites than Oedipus . Essay The Road. Inanna’s life consisted of her taking care of a huluppu-tree. Fiedler contingency model , Leadership , Management 1057 Words | 3 Pages. Achilles vs Beowulf compare and contrast. ?Compare and vc andrew books contrast Achilles vs Beowulf The way of the Essay about The Road, warriors Achilles and Beowulf were two characters . that had an amazing power that made his name lives for hundreds of years.
Great warriors need some to have some specific characteristics to royal ellison, reach their fame because we have seem in some heroes that they have gods strong, a unique way to be and goals to achieve. Comparing the character of Essay about The Road, Achilles and meaning Beowulf who were two of the best warrior of the history we could know if there are. Beowulf , Christopher Nolan , Difference 1165 Words | 3 Pages. Beowulf and Achilles Ilyas Wilkinson-Hayat When tales are told of valiant heroes in history, a handful stand out as some of the most . well-known and Essay The Road revered of them all. Fedex Uk Jobs. Although the two in the title are not as famous as Superman or Spiderman, this does not make their tale any less epic. Both Achilles and Beowulf brought a new style of about The Road to Addiction, hero to the table. The two heroes had their flaws, however paid it back in spades with the bravery displayed in meaning, their respective epics. What is interesting about.
Achilles , Agamemnon , Beowulf 1587 Words | 4 Pages. Oedipus Tyrannous When half human monsters walked the Earth and mythical Gods ruled all of creation, one man was destined to suffer the . worst fate ever imaginable. Oedipus Tyrannous is a classic Greek tragedy written by Sophocles around 470 BC. According to Aristotle's Poetics, Greek tragedies should follow certain guidelines in order to be effective tragic drama. Many of Oedipus ' character traits ultimately justify his place as a perfect specimen of Aristotle's tragic hero.
According. Anagnorisis , Ancient Greece , Catharsis 865 Words | 3 Pages. Achilles Motivation Fighting for personal honor Knows that his fate leads him to death so he is willing to The Road to Addiction, sacrifice his life so his . name will be remembered Cared little about anything except for his own desire ”. but this man’s ambition, remember, is to royal ellison, lead, to lord it over everyone, give orders to the rest of us!” (lines 337-340) ”Well, this time I make sail for The Road to Addiction home. Better to take now to my ships. Why linger, cheated of our town stage, winnings, to make wealth for you?” (lines 197-199). Achilles , Ajax , Greek mythology 1447 Words | 5 Pages.
Free Will VS . About The Road. Fate: Oedipus Rex Oedipus ’ ignorance, disrespect, and unending search for the truth . ultimately contribute to his free willing destruction of life and the completion of prophecy. Fate is the theory that our lives are “predetermined” for us, and the concept that states that humans have the choice to choose what decisions they make in life is know as free will. Society tends to generally feel that free will is the presiding element in their lives. It is important. Choice , Free will , Jocasta 842 Words | 4 Pages. serve a greater purpose. Achilles from The Iliad must sacrifice his physical possessions to vc andrew books, appease his gods.
Gilgamesh is about The Road, unwillingly forced . to sacrifice his beloved brother. Piaget. Cain from The Bible also forfeits material possessions, but he also gives up his own integrity, as well as eternal life in his Heaven. About. These sacrifices appear to differ in the severity of what is given up, but they are actually alike in the way each is fedex uk jobs, used to accomplish certain goals. Achilles is an about excellent example of. Book of Genesis , Cain and woman by maxine Abel , Child sacrifice 1381 Words | 4 Pages.
Essay #1: Oedipus the Essay The Road to Addiction, King – Flaws vs . Fate Sophocles intertwines the contrasting ideas of fate and free will throughout . Piaget Assimilation. Oedipus the Essay, King, and conclusively leaves it to the audience to our town stage manager, determine the reason for the tragedy that occurs in the story. Essay About To Addiction. The Oracle informs Oedipus of his destined future, which is to fedex uk jobs, eventually shed his own father’s blood and marry, as well as conceive children with, his mother. As the story plays out, Oedipus comes to the realization that he has indeed fulfilled the. Creon , Destiny , Jocasta 869 Words | 3 Pages. Human Nature: Fate vs . Essay The Road. Free Will For centuries, it has been human nature to strive for freedom. We struggle to create our own futures, . regardless of our presumed fate. Songwriters, artists and meaning even play writes constantly include stories of free will and destiny.
Sophocles, a famous Greek playwright, beautifully includes fate and Essay to Addiction free will as themes in fedex uk jobs, his plays Oedipus the King and Oedipus at Colonus. This motif is so abundant in The Road to Addiction, Greek literature because oftentimes characters try to avoid an. Colonus , Creon , Ismene 973 Words | 3 Pages. Oedipus the King: Fate vs . Free Will Most religions teach humans that their choices matter, but also that there is piaget assimilation, a greater . force that will determine the course of events and final outcomes of our lives. The debate on whether our lives are based on fate or free will has been long standing with several different opinions and points of view. In Sophocles’ “ Oedipus the King”, fate and free will battle it out in the tale of Oedipus ’ life. Although “ Oedipus the King” portrays multiple characters. Aeschylus , Greek mythology , Jocasta 919 Words | 3 Pages. understanding Homer’s input of emotion on the battlefield of Troy. Essay About. Achilles creates this emotion throughout the epic.
He shows his anger in . three ways. First, he leaves command with his soldiers. Woman Hong Kingston. Second, he curses the Greeks. And finally he kills Hektor to avenge Patroklos. Essay About The Road To Addiction. He is justified in revenge because Agamemnon dishonored him by taking his concubine. He has a right to get revenge and reclaim his honor because he is examples, a superior fighter. Achilles , however, was taken over by anger and Essay about to Addiction acts dishonorably. Achilles , Greek mythology , Hector 1334 Words | 4 Pages. Daniel Nierenberg Comparative Essay 11-20-01 Oedipus Rex Antigone It is only natural that an author use similar vessels of literature, . No Name Kingston. such as figurative language, literary devices, and elements in his/her work. It is Essay about, even more apparent between works that are connected by character, time, and theme.
Sophocles did this when he wrote Oedipus Rex and Antigone. When comparing the underlying, two pieces, it becomes evident that very similar vessels connected these very different plays. Sophocles uses a. Creon , Ismene , Jocasta 1407 Words | 4 Pages. Willy Vs . The King Although they were composed around 2,500 years apart from one another, Oedipus The King by Sophocles, and . Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller are known as two of the best tragedy plays ever written. Essay The Road. Both of these plays twist and turn with tragedy, and irony. Oedipus was bore to the king and queen of Thebes. At a very young age, they disowned Oedipus and drove metal pins through his ankles and gave them to a shepherd. The shepherd's job was to put Oedipus on top of Cithaeron. Character , Death of a Salesman , Drama 2294 Words | 5 Pages.
Importance of Fatherhood Fatherhood is important and is often taken for granted and not treated with the respect it deserves. In the plays Fences and . Oedipus the vc andrew books, King, Troy and Oedipus are affected by the lack of fatherhood. In Troy’s case, he fails to The Road to Addiction, be a supportive father to our town stage manager, his son, Cory, ultimately distancing himself from his family. As for Oedipus , he is Essay, cursed by the gods before his birth, due to manager, his father, Laius, raping and The Road kidnapping a young boy (Weineck). Although the situations of each play. Family , Father , Greek mythology 994 Words | 3 Pages. degree of importance/impact). Both Oedipus in Oedipus Rex by John Bennet and Creon in Antigone by Sophocles go through tragedy . that reflects importance and has a big impact. Creon in our town manager, comparison to Oedipus exhibits a higher degree of magnitude because his sinful actions display a higher degree of remorse and resulted in a more pronounced life of regret/suffering and a higher degree of catastrophe.
Creon experiences a higher degree of remorse then Oedipus because his sinful acts were knowingly. Antigone , Creon , Oedipus 874 Words | 3 Pages. In Oedipus the King by Sophocles, Oedipus is responsible for the tragedy of Essay to Addiction, his downfall. Vc Andrew Books. Fate and free will are two opposing . ideas that Sophocles seamlessly blends into the play. Sophocles ultimately leaves it up to the audience to interpret the reality behind this argument.
Oedipus is presented with a series of choices throughout the play, and his arrogant and stubborn nature push him to impulsively make the The Road, wrong decisions, the underlying meaning, decisions that ultimately lead him to his downfall. Essay The Road To Addiction. While Oedipus and. Aeschylus , Choice , Free will 1193 Words | 3 Pages. One City; Two Corrupt Leaders In the vc andrew books, plays Oedipus Rex and Antigone by Sophocles, Oedipus and Creon exert similar . characteristics as leaders that ultimately result in to Addiction, their characterization as tragic heroes. They take a similar course throughout their stories, which leads to a similar fate, resulting in vc andrew books, tragedy. Both characters tried to revive a city in need, but in the process, the hubris they possessed got in the way. Both men had the chance to see that their actions would lead to a tragic ending. Creon , Greek mythology , Jocasta 1174 Words | 3 Pages.
look. However, every man has a little something from the other. Although Oedipus and Gilgamesh are entirely different people, they are still . very similar. Each one, in their own way, is exceptionally brave, heroically tragic, and both encompass diverse strengths and weaknesses. One is strictly a victim of fate and the other is entirely responsible for his own plight. Out of the two men, Gilgamesh was far braver than Oedipus . He risked his life a number of times when he was in the company of his. Antigone , Creon , Eteocles 1010 Words | 3 Pages. Shakespeare both address this dilemma in their plays Oedipus and about The Road Othello. Through their nobility, their tragic flaws, the fall these flaws . cause, and the suffering and underlying meaning wisdom they derive from about to Addiction these falls, Oedipus and Othello reveal the true character of the tragic hero and show the devastating consequences of pride. No Name By Maxine Hong. Both Oedipus and Othello are distinguished by nobility: Oedipus by birth and deed and Othello by a distinguished career.
Oedipus is the son of King Laius and Essay to Addiction Jocasta his wife, the king. Iago , Lust , Oedipus 1082 Words | 3 Pages. to his/her downfall. Our Town Stage Manager. The hero suffers from catastrophic events, experiences peripeteia and is confronted with the magnitude of his/her actions. Two such . Essay The Road. heroes are Hazel Grace Lancaster from “The Faults in Our Stars” by John Green, and Oedipus in the play “ Oedipus Rex” written by fedex uk jobs, Sophocles. Both modern and classic articles of about The Road to Addiction, literature have a wide-reaching influence on people and inspire many through the centuries. Modern tragic hero Hazel is a teenage thyroid cancer patient who experiences twisting. Courage , Hero , Oedipus 1200 Words | 3 Pages. Iliad’s protagonist, Achilles , begins to show signs of hubris which unfortunately leads to his untimely demise. It is no name woman kingston, evident those character’s . who show constant signs of hubris, are so full of pride that they make the wrong decisions, thus leading to further complications along their path.
The main character that exemplifies the Essay The Road to Addiction, most hubris is Achilles . Achilles is a pure icon for greatness. Ever since Achilles was born, he was fated for greatness. It is said that almighty Achilles was granted the gift. Achilles , Agamemnon , Greek mythology 848 Words | 3 Pages. Is Too Much Pride Bad for fedex uk jobs Your Health? In literature, the about, tragic heroes Oedipus and Othello allow the pride they have to cause their own . demise by putting too much emphasis on the lives they have created for themselves. Oedipus , who blinds himself after finding out he has killed his birth father and married his birth mother, refuses to believe he has truly fulfilled his fate because he is so proud of vc andrew books, what he has accomplished since he left Corinth.
Othello demonstrates his pride by believing that. Desdemona , Emilia , Iago 1772 Words | 4 Pages. INNOCENCE vs GUILT MEANINGS: Innocence n. ( n -s ns) –The state, quality or virtue of being innocent, as: a.Freedom from sin, moral wrong, . or guilt through lack of Essay to Addiction, knowledge of assimilation examples, evil. About The Road. b. Guiltlessness of a specific legal crime or offense. c. Stage Manager. Freedom from about to Addiction guile, cunning, or deceit; simplicity or artlessness. d. Meaning. Lack of worldliness or sophistication; naivete. e. Lack of knowledge or understanding; ignorance. f. Freedom from harmfulness; inoffensiveness. Guilt n. (g lt) – 1. The fact or condition. Crime , Knowledge , Morality 1328 Words | 4 Pages. have flaws which set them apart from the rest of the characters within their respective settings,. In the plays Oedipus Rex by Sophocles and . Hamlet by about The Road to Addiction, William Shakespeare, the royal ellison, opposing nature of the Essay to Addiction, two characters result in the method of action taken by the two tragic hero’s. Vc Andrew Books. It is in Hamlets nature to deeply think, reflect and make certain his reasoning before taking action whereas Oedipus is Essay about The Road to Addiction, a more impulsive character whose decision making is very radical, which eventually results in our town stage manager, him being unable. Characters in about The Road, Hamlet , Decision making , Hamlet 2599 Words | 6 Pages. the veins of a family, spews its fatal venom into capillaries and infecting the soul.
The poison of betrayal, despair and the disease of the psyches cloud . the mind in both Oedipus Rex and fedex uk jobs Hamlet. Essay To Addiction. In both instances, all characters fall victim to a shattered world, ripped apart by failed expectancies. Prince Hamlet and underlying meaning King Oedipus both watch as their families become dismembered. There was a pattern of ideals that were violated and to Addiction corrupt, progressing the plays’ actions. The helping hands which aided. Characters in Hamlet , Gertrude , Hamlet 2041 Words | 5 Pages. Old Testament vs. Hellenic Divine Intervention.
Old Testament vs . Hellenic Divine Intervention The Old Testament and Hellenic texts we have studied have numerous examples of divine . intervention. The range and vc andrew books complexity in human affairs that these interventions occur have similar, yet different attributes. Both texts describe divine intervention as a way of explaining why things happen(ed) and being chosen by God or gods to about to Addiction, fulfill a destiny. Both also see divine intervention as something that can not be understood by humans; God or. Bible , Greek mythology , Iliad 900 Words | 3 Pages. In Oedipus the King and The Iliad, Oedipus and Achilles are depicted as men of stature and honor.
However when both . men are faced with challenges, such acts of stubbornness and cloudy judgement led up to the loss of significant factors in their lives evidently causing their tragic downfall. Both Oedipus and Achilles are born in to fedex uk jobs, the roles they are meant to play with Oedipus , unknowingly, being the son of the King and Queen of Thebes and Achilles being the son of the military man Peleus and. Achilles , Ajax , Greek mythology 1566 Words | 4 Pages. 18 March 2014 Oedipus Rex and about The Road the Journey of Self-Discovery Those who have the ability of sight are stuck in the darkness of . ignorance hidden behind lies and no name woman by maxine those who do not have the to Addiction, ability of our town stage, sight are in the light of what the about The Road to Addiction, truth reveals. Throughout Oedipus ’ journey of self-discovery one will notice how he develops as a character. Oedipus is referred to as a character that shows great pride and piaget examples temper, his quick acts of judgement and fate are the reasons to his downfall as a tragic. Creon , Jocasta , Oedipus 1438 Words | 4 Pages. vital role in Oedipus Rex ranging for the pinnacle of Essay about to Addiction, Oedipus ’ success to his distressed downfall. Centuries ago during Sophocles . Vc Andrew Books. existence the ancient Greeks believed that one’s fate was predetermined by the Gods and unable to change.
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fate when Oedipus declares his intent to solve the murder of Laius which is expressed by the metaphor of about The Road, “expelling the poison in no name woman hong kingston, the blood” . and righting the wrong. The second part of the quote, “for whoso slew the king might have a mind to Essay about The Road to Addiction, strike me too with his assassin hand” also shows the intervention of fate when Oedipus denounces the murderer in front of his citizens when he himself is the murderer of piaget assimilation examples, Laius. This is a clear example of fate’s intervention in Essay about The Road to Addiction, the life of the tragic Oedipus . | Quote:“Oh. Greek mythology , Jocasta , Laius 2414 Words | 6 Pages. fear that are aroused in piaget assimilation examples, the viewer of a tragedy. Debate continues about what Aristotle actually means by catharsis, but the The Road, concept is linked to piaget, the . positive social function of tragedy (english.hawaii.edu). A good example of Essay about The Road, a Catharsis play is Oedipus the King by Sophocles. Meaning. Pity and fear are the dominating feelings produced by the play.
The play is dripping with catharsis, from beginning to end. Essay The Road To Addiction. The prologue starts off the catharsis in the play. Examples. It produces in Essay about The Road, us pity and fear, pity for the suffering. Creon , Emotion , Greek mythology 1133 Words | 3 Pages. Villarreal Bibliography Essay Engl 2332 Sophocles: Oedipus the King The most obvious theme expressed is the symbolism of free will. . This issue is ralph symbolism, manifested in the plot itself and Essay to Addiction is a central theme in the play. It goes without saying that this problem of free will is woman by maxine, still relevant till this day and has been a major topic throughout history. Another central issue dealt with in Oedipus Rex, Oedipus the King, or also known as Oedipus Tyrannus is fate. These two issues will be key issues that.
Aeschylus , Jocasta , Oedipus 1473 Words | 4 Pages. Oedipus Paper Humans often come upon interactions in every day life causing conflict, which forces humans to make important decisions when . Essay The Road. put into fedex uk jobs different situations. A conflict is an interaction that can be made between two things causing good or bad scenarios. The interactions mentioned in this play are mainly causing bad situations. Essay About The Road. In this play Oedipus the King by vc andrew books, Sophocles, Oedipus faces a painful truth that brings him through many different contradictions.
Oedipus ’ conflicts are shown. Conflict , Curse , English-language films 897 Words | 3 Pages. Jennifer Francois Dr.Beitchman The story Oedipus the king was written by Sophocles. This play was one of the The Road, greatest tragedies of all . time. Oedipus Kinds of Thebes once was praised by fedex uk jobs, priest and the people of the about The Road to Addiction, city. The plague was struck by the people of Thebes grew sick.
When the people of the Thebes, (described as the chorus) went to the priest for examples help, they all turned to Oedipus for their salvation. About The Road To Addiction. Oedipus sought for vc andrew books answers by sending his best man Creon to Apollo the Oracle of. Achilles , Greek mythology , Hector 1035 Words | 3 Pages. Oedipus is a play written by Sophocles that many have heard. Few, however, would not be surprised to discover what Oedipus has . discovered at the end of the play, that our tragic hero has killed his own father only to marry his mother. Many ask how this play could be a tragedy? What is the definition of tragedy? Aristotle's 'The Poetics', is a work in which he tried to define what tragedy was. Aristotle decided that the hero, or at least the main character in a tragedy must be centrally good. Character , Greek mythology , Oedipus 741 Words | 3 Pages. riddle.
At the same time, a tragic hero must evoke both pity and fear, and Aristotle claims that the The Road, best way to do this is if he is imperfect. A character . Piaget Assimilation Examples. with a mixture of about The Road, good and evil is more compelling that a character who is merely good. And Oedipus is definitely not perfect; although a clever man, he is our town, blind to the truth and refuses to believe Teiresias's warnings. Although he is a good father, he unwittingly fathered children in incest. Essay About The Road. A tragic hero suffers because of his hamartia, a Greek. Delphi , Jocasta , Oedipus 1120 Words | 3 Pages.
Both Creon of Sophocles' Antigone and Achilles of vc andrew books, Homer's The Iliad end up allowing the about to Addiction, body of their enemy a proper burial. During the time . Manager. following the death of Hector, Achilles is in a position very similar to that which Creon deals with in Antigone. Both men show similar flaws, and face similar struggles. Essay The Road To Addiction. The difference between the two men is vc andrew books, only subtly discernible until the telling moment when each man is faced with pressure to change his stance on the fate of the fallen warrior. Essay About The Road. Each.
Achilles , Greek mythology , Hector 1553 Words | 4 Pages. ? Oedipus Rex follows the assimilation, clear nature of a tragedy, in that it encompasses the common conventions of to Addiction, a Greek Tragedy, with ones life being . controlled by fate and the gods. The gods inflict ate on Oedipus which leads to serious characteristic flaws including hubris, and the tragedy ends with a nemesis worse than death. The tragic nature of the play and the themes are conveyed not only through these features, but also through the role of the chorus and dramatic techniques including irony. Oedipus is. Ancient Greece , Drama , Euripides 1263 Words | 4 Pages.
that prominently exemplify the notion that an excess of pride can lead to downfall are Sophocles’ tragic hero in “ Oedipus the King”, Napoleon . Examples. Bonaparte, and Kanye West. Set in ancient Greece, Sophocles’ “ Oedipus the King” supports the notion that arrogance can lead to negative consequences when Oedipus unknowingly kills his father and when he pursues the murderer of Laius. Oedipus ’ pride causes all of his problems because he forces King Laius to “me[e]t with his death” when he realizes that the. Creon , Greek mythology , Jocasta 1200 Words | 3 Pages. cause-and-effect chain. The plague in Thebes prompts Oedipus to send Creon to consult the Essay, oracle of Delphi; the oracle?¦s reply that the . murderer of Laius must be banished from Thebes prompts Oedipus pronounce a solemn curse on the murderer and to send for Teiresias. Teriesias states that Oedipus is the murderer, but since the king knows himself to be innocent (or thinks he knows), he accuses Creon of plotting with Teiresias against him. The quarrel of Oedipus and Creon brings Jocasta from the house; seeking.
Greek mythology , Jocasta , Laius 916 Words | 3 Pages. Greek tragedies were often seen as the foundation to vc andrew books, literature not only for the Greeks but also on a universal scale as well. Sophocles’ . Oedipus Rex was one of the more infamous tales because of its provocative and unorthodox nature. The tragedy features a man on a quest to prevent the events of his prophesized life from coming to fruition. The key components of fate, destiny and time can be paralleled to the cult classic film Donnie Darko. In the movie, Donnie suffers from predictions of the. Cult film , Destiny , Donnie Darko 2272 Words | 6 Pages.
Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex is one of Greek literatures classic tragedies. Essay About. It supports and demonstrates Aristotle’s view on tragedy in the . story, and vc andrew books ultimately defines how this drama is Essay The Road, a tragedy. He talks about tragedy being “an imitation of a noble and complete action” (Witt, 165) along with being artistically enhanced with fearful incidents. Fedex Uk Jobs. Important parts of tragedies also include plot, character, diction, thought, spectacle, and melody. Tragedies are imitations of human action. Catharsis , Character , Drama 773 Words | 5 Pages. Oedipus Tyrannus is basically is a story of about The Road, a man's discovery through persistent inquiry that he is guilty of unwitting parricide and incest, . and his horrified reaction to that discovery. Vc Andrew Books. In Oedipus the King, Oedipus king of Thebes unknownly killed his biological father and married his mother. On this Ancient myth, the playwright Sophocles weaves a complex story that can be interpreted on many different levels of intellectual thinking. About The Road. This play, since the time it was staged has been subjected.
Aeschylus , Creon , Jocasta 1943 Words | 5 Pages. Song Of Achilles vs Half of a Yellow Sun. and reparative impact on relationships. With reference to ‘The Song of Achilles ’ and ‘Half of a Yellow Sun’, to what extent do you agree with . this view? Introduction here. One could initially argue that Miller utilises the first person narration of Patroclus in our town stage manager, The Song of Essay The Road, Achilles , to create a romanticised narrative of the relationship between him and “god-born […] soft as the delicate of velvet petals […] golden haired” Achilles . Vc Andrew Books. This provides for an interesting contrast in the latter half of the.
Achilles , First-person narrative , Greek mythology 864 Words | 3 Pages. Hector vs. Achilles A Contrast and Comparison Essay. all the other men of their time and culture, both Hector and Achilles knew that their most important duty was to fight wars. About The Road To Addiction. In the Iliad, by . Homer, war was of the utmost importance, and the Greeks felt that dying in battle was the noblest way to underlying, die. Outside of war, men made their own decisions as to what else would be important in The Road, their lives. Hector valued his family, was able to control his emotions, and respected the by maxine hong kingston, gods. Achilles was almost the exact opposite. Don't ask me to about, sit beside.
Achilles , Helen , Homer 739 Words | 3 Pages. they passed from the light of the stage manager, sun and left no name.” Then: The Son of Cronos made yet another race of men to live on the bounteous earth, and these . were godlike men —a race of heroes. Many died in grim battle fighting for the flocks of Oedipus around seven-gated Thebe. The Road To Addiction. yet others, sailing over the great gulf of the fedex uk jobs, sea to Troy, perished for fair-haired Helen’s sake. There death hid them. About. But to the rest Zeus, the battle royal ralph ellison symbolism, Father of gods and men, gave a dwelling at the ends of the earth, where.
Achilles , Earth , Greek mythology 2519 Words | 7 Pages. amp; Comp 6th hour 2 November 2012 The Character of Achilles Achilles is the main character in Homer’s The Iliad translated . by Robert Fagles. The Iliad is the story of the battle of Troy, in The Road, which Greek heroes fight and piaget assimilation die, with much interference from the various gods and goddesses. The story ends when Achilles gives Hector’s body back to about, King Priam and Hector is buried. Homer uses a number of different literary devices to vc andrew books, illustrate Achilles ’ character development, such as his actions, what other. Achilles , Apollo , Greek mythology 2136 Words | 5 Pages. Dumbledore said, “It is the choices… that show what we truly are, far more than our abilities.” This theory applies to everyone. Through the choices and to Addiction . actions of Theseus and Achilles , we learn a lot about their characters. Piaget Examples. We find Achilles to be motivated by rage and pride, with ambitions of glory and Essay about The Road vengeance.
Theseus, on the other hand, seems to be motivated by others’ needs, and aspires to do right by those who he should help. Theseus also likes to vc andrew books, challenge expectations and overcome the about The Road to Addiction, “impossible”. Achilles , Aeschylus , Greek mythology 404 Words | 2 Pages. the tragic Oedipus and the absurd Sisyphus. Yet while the story of Oedipus had been adapted 2000 years ago to a tragedy by vc andrew books, the . Greek writer, Sophocles, the myth of Sisyphus is Essay about The Road to Addiction, known for its interpretation by underlying meaning, 20th century French author, Albert Camus, who gave the myth its title of the absurd. The distance of time between the two, accounts for a difference in the generations’ opinions and beliefs, separated by modern science and technology as well as by time itself. The play, Oedipus Rex, which. Absurdism , Albert Camus , Existentialism 2254 Words | 5 Pages. Greek Tragedy The Greek drama Oedipus Rex is clearly a tragedy. It definitely meets the Essay about The Road, five main criteria for a tragedy: a tragic hero of . noble birth, a tragic flaw, a fall from grace, a moment of remorse, and woman hong kingston catharsis.
Interestingly, even though Oedipus the King came before Poetics, Sophocles’ play illustrates Aristotle’s rules for classical drama. About. Oedipus the King particularly displays a tragic emotion, a tragic character, and a tragic fall. Meaning. Aristotle also writes that such a drama ought to have. Aeschylus , Drama , Oedipus 1350 Words | 4 Pages. ? Achilles VS Hector In the Iliad, several of the male characters show heroic characteristics, according to the heroic warrior . code of ancient Greece. They try to win glory in battle, yet are often characterized as having a clearly human side. They each have sure strengths and weaknesses, which are evident at many times throughout the conflicts described within the Iliad. About. Prime examples of such characters are Achilles and Hector. These two characters have obvious variations in their approaches to. Achilles , Hector , Hero 566 Words | 2 Pages. 2014 Achilles vs . Hector Homer’s epic poem The Iliad takes place in the ninth year of the Trojan War.
The epic focuses on two of . the fedex uk jobs, war’s greatest warriors, Achilles of the Achaeans and Hector of the Trojans. Both men are recognized as the strongest and most influential warriors within their respective communities. About The Road. They share many characteristics associated with great war heroes including leadership, bravery, honor, worth, and strength. However, despite their obvious similarities, Achilles and Hector. Achilles , Ajax , Greek mythology 547 Words | 3 Pages. Sight and Blindness in Oedipus the vc andrew books, King. The Irony of Sight and Knowledge in Oedipus the King People equate ‘seeing’ to gaining knowledge. About To Addiction. Expressions such as “I see” and vc andrew books . “seeing truth” are used to express understanding of something, but is seeing really the same as knowing?
In Oedipus the King, Oedipus’s inability to grasp the truth is Essay The Road, despite the fact that he is fedex uk jobs, physically able to see contrasts Teiresias’s knowledge of the truth even though he is Essay about The Road to Addiction, blind. The irony of the blind man being knowledgeable, and the seer becoming. Epistemology , Greek mythology , Knowledge 1062 Words | 3 Pages.
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Richard III and Essay Shakespeare Essay. In Richard III, Shakespeare draws its readers to participate in a fantasy of total control and domination. In the opening speech, Richard presents himself as a self-made villain, offering justification for piaget his plans to execute the victims. However like every true villain, Richard has his henchman, Duke of Buckingham, who obeys his every whim and wish. As Richard’s co-conspirator, Buckingham’s role in the play is important and about he is termed by Richard as “my other self”. This slavish obedience was not free, as Richard promises him great reward for fedex uk jobs his evil support. Essay About The Road To Addiction! As a conspirator, Bucking knew the detail of Richard’s countless murders, and above all Buckingham was the executer of Richard’s evil plans. As a result some historians have assumed that Buckingham was eyeing the throne of England, which is far from truth, even if we study his character from historical perspective. Historical Buckingham Duke of Buckingham was associated to the royal family in many ways through his daughters and sons. Buckingham’s paternal grandfather was Humphrey Stafford, the 1st Duke of Buckingham, who was also the grandson and underlying successor of Thomas of Woodstock, youngest son of Edward III, while his (paternal) grandmother Anne Neville was a granddaughter of about John of Gaunt from his daughter side.
His grandfather (maternal) Edmund Beaufort was a grandson of royal symbolism John of Gaunt, the youngest son of his son John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset. Essay To Addiction! Buckingham’s maternal grandmother Eleanor Beauchamp was descended from a daughter of William Marshal. Looking at this list of connections with royal family of England, some historian has assumed that, Buckingham had his eyes on throne. But the truth is, his chances of inheriting the throne were slim, despite the constant clashes among the Edward III lineage and in the houses of Lancaster and York. No doubt Buckingham was within unusual distance of the crown of England, his plotting of the throne of England is far from no name by maxine, being plausible. Buckingham was born in 1454 during the reign of Henry VI, his father was killed at the first battle of The Road to Addiction St Albans in 1455, and piaget examples his grandfather, the first Duke of Buckingham was killed in 1460, five years later. At the age of 11, he was acknowledged as Duke of Buckingham; and soon he became ward of the Queen Elizabeth Woodville. In the following year, he was forced to marry Catherine Woodville, the queen’s sister who was much older than him, which he hated all his life. After the death of Edward IV in 1483, Woodville’s tussled with Richard over about to Addiction the guardianship of the young Edward, Buckingham sided with Richard.
As the assimilation parliament declared Edward V illegitimate and allowed Richard to ascend the throne and Essay about became Richard III. Buckingham supported Richard in no name hong kingston the beginning, but later on associated himself with John Morton, Bishop of Essay to Addiction Ely, and underlying meaning his second cousin Henry Tudor against Richard in the war of succession. In 1483, this dispute grew, Henry Tudor tried to take the throne from about The Road, Richard, Buckingham at fedex uk jobs, this time was a stunch supoorter of Tudor, raised an army in about The Road to Addiction Wales and marched against Richard to distract his attention. However Richard managed to put down the rebillion ,while Henry’s ships were devsated by fedex uk jobs, a storm which forced him to go back to Brittany. The storm also ruined Buckingham army, and the army desertated him, leaving him no way, but to escape in haste,however he was captured easily due to the bounty on his head. Richard convicted him of treason and he was beheaded in Salisbury without any delay Shakespeare Portrayal of to Addiction Buckingham Shakespeare main source for vc andrew books writing the Richard III was Sir Thomas Moore’s History of Richard III, which reflects the caricature of Richard rather than the true Richard. It was but natural to portray Richard and Essay his supporters as evil incarnate as the play demanded, Bucking was no exception. We must remember that Shakespeare was an entertainer rather than a historian, his aim was to create dramatic effect, which can be achieved by portraying the main characters as evil incarnate and he was successful in it. In the drama readers are introduced in (Act II) as Richard asks Buckingham to make him in his “unity”, Buckingham reply makes him happy.
Shakespeare has depicted Buckingham as a crony, who in order to pleases his master cross all limits. In Act II, Elizabeth appears dishevelled and vc andrew books breaks the news that King is dead, Richard pretends to console her, while Bucking makes a false promise to bring Edward, Prince of Wales to London for coronation, instead the boys are taken to the Tower.. In the meantime Richard charges queen and Jane shore with sorcery and involves Hastings as well. Richard senses that Hastings is sympathetic towards the young king, which was enough suspicion to execute him. It seems Richard knew that Hastings could not trusted and was not trust worthy to confide him with his ultimate objective.
Hasting is accused of plotting and without being given a chance for any explanation rushed to execution, despite being loyal to his master . It happens in front of Buckingham, but he feels no remorse nor any regret for the man who was innocently slaughtered. Soon Buckingham moves on Richard’s plan of The Road to Addiction convincing the London mayor and underlying the citizens that Edwards IV sons are bastards and have no legitimacy to claim the Essay about throne. Buckingham’s beats the drum of the wickedness of Edward IV, and his impure lineage (children). After spiting venom against the innocent children, he hears what he wanted to hear from the crowd “King Richard! King Richard! ” which is accepted as an excuse for fedex uk jobs the allowing Richard to ascend the crown. Buckingham leads the aldermen and the chief citizens “in their best manner appareled” to Baynard’s Castle. The Road! Richard feigns that he has no idea, why have they come to him. Buckingham the lead player of the plot shouts up, imploring him to become king to fulfill people wishes.
Richard pretends to reject their offer, but as the woman hong plan was devised successfully, Buckingham whispers, if Richard is about The Road to Addiction, unwilling, they have to find some one else. Richard in a show of examples great humility accepts the heavy burden of about The Road to Addiction kingship. Buckingham continues to follow the whims of his master and orders Tyrrel to kill” those bastards” in stage manager the Tower and about The Road spreading the news that Lady Anee is our town manager, dying. Buckingham does not hesitate for a moment to comply with the about to Addiction needs of his masters , aiding him in all his evil deeds. After becoming King Richard does not feel any more need of fedex uk jobs Buckingham and Essay about The Road to Addiction soon Buckingham falls from favour, especially when he reminds Richard of his promise of granting him earldom. Richard vehemently dismisses Buckingham and he switches his role from a sycophant to a rebel. Throughout the play Buckingham is playing the role of true sycophant, who does not hesitate to go to underlying meaning any limits as long it can please his master. Shakespeare has portrayed Buckingham as a chief agent and a henchman, who is born to conspire and please his master and get his blessings. This portrayal may not be historically accurate, but the accuracy was not an issue for Shakespeare. Being a dramatist he was writing for Essay about The Road the sake of making business and entertainment, he has to portray what was easily comprehensible by the viewers in black and white. If the purpose is underlying meaning, depicting evil, he would not hesitate to portray the hero of drama as evil as possible to create the dramatic effect, in about The Road to Addiction which he was always successful.
Shakespeare Characters According to Aristotle, “Character reveals personal choice, the kinds of things a man chooses or rejects which are not obvious”. Good characterization makes characters round and complex and larger than life to create realism in a pieace of literature. Modern historians find Buckingham portrayal as a distortion of piaget assimilation examples historical truth, but Shakespeare was writing for entertainment, in which characters had to be larger than life. None of his plays were written for the sake of recording history accurately, but for entertainment and earning a livelihood. Essay To Addiction! Richard’s is depicted in underlying extreme to achieve maximum dramatic effect and so are all his villains, ultimate evil. In Aristotle’s treatment of character, a person acquires “virtues” through habitual behaviors and practices. The purpose of dramatis personae in tragedy is to teach the craft of ethical evaluation. Shakespeare’s characters are basically rhetoric or a linguistic agent, which expresses an important part of the truth about the about world.
According to Dryden, Shakespeare understood the passions of his characters and expressed them with certainty, subtlety and power. Shakespeare’s villains are born villains and evil to the core. For example Richard plans to usurp the throne by creating an opportunity, which did not exist. Shakespeare studied human beings very intimately and presented their inner most motives and thoughts in a simple and direct way. For example the opening scene of Othello characterizes Iago as a foul-mouthed sargeant with a malicious love for creating trouble and a hatred for Othello. The strength of Shakespeare’s plays lies in the absorbing stories they tell and in their wealth of complex characters with eloquent speeches depicted forcefully.
Shakespeare’s characters are neither wholly good nor wholly evil, but it is their inconsistent nature that makes them memorable. Our Town Manager! In Twelfth Night, Viola is given the impossible task of delivering a message, while Olivia has banned all the visitors. Shakespeare creates a way perhaps by asking himself, how would a person deal in this situation, thus creating a unique way to Essay to Addiction see Viola meet Olivia. His characters do not appear out of nowhere, but are creation of the situation. For example the fatal flaw in Macbeth is ambition, but that’s not what Shakespeare shows to his audience, instead Macbeth is shown as an ordinary man, who is in an extra ordinary situation by sheer stroke of luck. Instead of becoming content at fedex uk jobs, his success, Macbeth becomes restless and resorts to The Road to Addiction murder after murder to no name woman kingston acquire the kingdom by all means possible. Othello’s downfall is not because of jealousy, but it was the situation, which propelled him to behave in way, he behaved.
Shakespearean characters have some motivation and the whole play revolves around it. For example Buckingham chief motivation was to gain rewards from the King, which kept him motivated, and he played on in all the events. It is assumed by the critics that his chief motivation was to become King, which is far from truth for the reason that even when he sided Tudor, he was still playing the role of a catalyst, rather than aspiring the throne. About The Road To Addiction! Its always motivation in one form or other, for example Macbeth is our town, motivated by greed, Hamlet by ambition, and about The Road to Addiction Shylock by revenge. It is no name woman by maxine hong kingston, often the crisis and dilemma, which shows the best of Shakespeare’s characters. The dilemma for Macbeth is, should he kill Duncan, for Essay about Othello the decisive matter is, whether Desdemona has actually been unfaithful? Hamlet is obsessed with the fedex uk jobs pain of indecisiveness and he cannot decide to kill or not to kill. For Buckingham once rejected by King, it was but natural not to to Addiction trust him anymore, especially when the whole course of events were made possible by vc andrew books, him. Had these character acted contrary to the their natural evolution, they would have looked factious and unrealistic and Essay about The Road to Addiction Shakespeare as writer would have died long ago. Shakespeare’s stories are situational and his characters evolve throughout the play.
The protagonist in his plays do not stop but keep on evolving which keeps the audience enthralled till the end. Buckingham was unknown till Act II, and fedex uk jobs it is often hard for Essay about audience to consider him a major player in the series of events, soon he over takes the other supporting roles and in liaison with Richard untangles the web of conspiracies keeping the audience enthralled by his evil performance, which continues till the underlying end of play. Buckingham was a man living in shadow till he finds Richard; combination of these two evil characters is a perfect prescription for The Road to Addiction a memorable play. There is no doubt, Shakespeare would have studied the meaning history related to Richard and Buckingham era, but the question is not the Essay about The Road to Addiction historical accuracy of the Richards era, but rather assessing, how much Shakespeare is successful as a dramatist. For a modern reader it little matters, where does Buckingham stand in the course of history, but its Shakespeare’s pen, which made Buckingham immortal in history.
Looking at the Richard III as a historical play, there is no doubt that Richard III is the image of an woman kingston, evil king among all his historical plays, and Buckingham as a major catalyst leads the events to Essay The Road to Addiction its natural end. Conclusion Before Richard came into power, he needed supporters to achieve his political agenda, Duke of assimilation examples Buckingham proved to Essay about The Road be the perfect man to execute his biddings. One reason was that during the service of Queen, Buckingham was not given enough attention and excluded from the royal patronage; Richard not only gave him attention, but also delegated royal authority. It was natural for Buckingham to be loyal and prove his loyalty by offering unflinching support, especially when Richard increase in power meant increase in vc andrew books his power. Moore presents Buckingham as a god-fearing figure who was brutal in his ambition, splendid in duplicity, yet lacking in about to Addiction substance. According to him, Buckingham was a fearful man, who was convinced by playing in Richard’s hand, that he has offended the our town stage manager young Edward V. Bucking feels, he is in danger, Should Edward assume power.
However Buckingham knows that opposing Richard is Essay about The Road, playing with fire, as Richard was ruthless in dealing. However Moore tells, he repented his wrong doings and manager sided Tudor due to principal not out of personal greed. Essay The Road To Addiction! It is true that no one received as many favours as Buckingham due to which contemporary writers suspect that Bucking owned enormous powers and was planning to fedex uk jobs usurp throne for about The Road to Addiction himself. But the truth is Richard was a man, who could not be stopped at any thing to reach his ambition. All his life, Richard has betrayed the people who were his relatives by fedex uk jobs, blood. He used his supporters Hastings and Buckingham and then deserted them on lame excuses.
After the study of Buckingham history, it is clear that Bucking did not have the capacity to overthrow the about to Addiction King. The families contesting for throne of England were powerful related to each other by our town stage manager, blood; Buckingham could not reach their status. He could only win power and prestige by siding in this war of succession, which he honestly did all his life. Shakespeare may have portrayed Buckingham a bit more evil, who would go to any limits to please his master, still its not that far away for the true Buckingham, who supported Richard as long all his life and later on Essay The Road to Addiction supported Tudors. However we cannot blame Buckingham for being involved in the royal tussle, as this is what noblemen of his times used to do to reach the zenith of the court life. Reference: Stewart (1949), Character and Motive in Shakespeare: Some Recent Appraisals Examined, Longmann. Bristol, Michael D (2003), Reading Shakespeare’s Characters: Rhetoric, Ethics, and Identity Christy. H (1994), Hamlet and the Concept of Character, Shakespeare Quarterly Summer Vol. 45. Richard III (2003), A Guide to the Utah Shakespearean Festival Insights. The Life and assimilation examples Death of King Richard III (2005), Wikopedia.
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Nov 17, 2017 Essay about The Road to Addiction,
43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in Essay The Road, a while, it can be hard to know where to start. Examples? What experiences and accomplishments should you include for the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two?
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Since you’ll want to fedex uk jobs, be swapping different information in and out depending on the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only Essay, sometimes make sense to royal ralph symbolism, include. Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of cutting and pasting relevant information together. Think of this as your brag file . 3. Put the Best Stuff “Above the Fold” In marketing speak, “above the fold” refers to what you see on Essay about to Addiction, the front half of a folded newspaper (or, in the digital age, before you scroll down on a website), but basically it’s your first impression of a document. Kingston? In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and Essay about The Road accomplishments are visible on the top third of your resume. This top section is what the hiring manager is hong going to see first—and what will serve as a hook for The Road to Addiction someone to battle royal, keep on reading. So focus on putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out these five other marketing tricks to get your resume noticed . According to Zhang , the The Road, only occasion when an objective section makes sense is when you’re making a huge career change and no name woman by maxine hong need to about The Road to Addiction, explain from the get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the position you’re applying to. In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you —or just nix it altogether to save space and focus on making the rest of woman kingston, your resume stellar.
There are lots of different ways to about The Road to Addiction, organize the information on your resume, but the good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is assimilation examples still your best bet. The Road? Unless it’s absolutely necessary in your situation, skip the skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding. The two- (or more!) page resume is a hotly debated topic , but the bottom line is this—you want the by maxine hong kingston, information here to be concise, and making yourself keep it to Essay about The Road, one page is a good way to force yourself to underlying meaning, do this. About? If you truly have enough relevant and important experience, training, and credentials to showcase on more than one page of your resume, then go for it. But if you can tell the same story in less space? Do. If you’re struggling, check out these tips for cutting your content down , or work with a designer to see how you can organize your resume to fit more in less space. Can’t figure out how to assimilation, tell your whole story on about The Road, one page, or want to be able to stage manager, include some visual examples of your work? Instead of trying to have your resume cover everything, cover the Essay The Road to Addiction, most important details on that document, and then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the ideal candidate.
We’ll talk about getting creative in order to stand out in a minute. But the most basic principle of good resume formatting and design? Keep it simple. Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Make your resume easy on hiring managers’ eyes by using a font size between 10 and 12 and leaving a healthy amount of white space on the page. You can use a different font or typeface for your name, your resume headers, and the companies for which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on readability for vc andrew books the hiring manager.
That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out from the sea of Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. If you’re applying through an Essay The Road, ATS, keep to the standard formatting without any bells and whistles so the computer can read it effectively. Piaget Examples? If you’re applying to a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop. No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to put in the time, creativity, and design work to make it awesome. To Addiction? 10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent.
You don’t need to include your address on your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to make sure to include a phone number and professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the underlying meaning, hiring manager can find you on the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. Essay The Road? (Implicit in this is that you keep these social media profiles suitable for prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of time on piaget assimilation examples, each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Essay The Road? Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning? There’s no shame in getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is arguably the most important document of fedex uk jobs, your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right! 13. Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. As a rule, you should only show the most recent 10-15 years of your career history and only include the experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying. And remember to allocate real estate on to Addiction, your resume according to importance.
If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the battle royal ellison, latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one you’re applying to). 14. No Relevant Experience? No Worries! Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the The Road, bill.
Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of why you’re ideal for vc andrew books the job. No matter how long you’ve been in a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in a given section. No matter how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isn’t going to about The Road, get through them. Check out these tips for writing impressive bullet points . You may be tempted to stage, throw in about The Road to Addiction, tons of industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to piaget assimilation examples, be understandable to the average person. Remember that the The Road to Addiction, first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to be sure that it is readable, relevant, and underlying meaning interesting to all of them. Use as many facts, figures, and numbers as you can in Essay about, your bullet points. How many people were impacted by your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals?
By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to picture the level of work or responsibility you needed to achieve them. Vc Andrew Books? Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to adding more to your resume . People hire performers, so you want to show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done! As you look at your bullet points, think about how you can take each statement one step further and add in what the benefit was to about, your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by hiring you. If you’re not sure how to explain your impact, check out these tips for turning your duties into accomplishments . Woman Kingston? Describing soft skills on a resume often starts to about, sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. No Name Woman By Maxine Hong Kingston? But being a “strong leader” or an “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to get across. About The Road? Think about fedex uk jobs how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the result you’re going for! 20. Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work. Essay About? There’s no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on royal ellison symbolism, your resume.
So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. If every bullet in your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly. Use our handy list of better verbs to Essay about, mix it up ! Use keywords in your resume: Scan the job description, see what words are used most often, and stage make sure you’ve included them in Essay, your bullet points. Not only is this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in applicant tracking systems. Stuck on which words to piaget, include? Dump the about The Road to Addiction, job description into fedex uk jobs, a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and Essay about to Addiction spit out the most used keywords. What words shouldn’t you include?
Detail-oriented, team player, and fedex uk jobs hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . We bet there’s a better way to describe how awesome you are. 24. Experience First, Education Second. Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Essay The Road? Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and vc andrew books relevant to you getting the job than where you went to college. 25. Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Usually, you should lay down your educational background by Essay The Road to Addiction listing the most recent or advanced degree first, working in reverse chronological order. But if older coursework is more specific to the job, list that first to grab the reviewer’s attention. Don’t list your graduation dates.
The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it. If you graduated from college with high honors, absolutely make note of no name by maxine, it. While you don’t need to list your GPA, don’t be afraid to showcase that summa cum laude status or the fact that you were in the honors college at to Addiction your university. 28. Include Continuing or Online Education.
Don’t be afraid to include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in your education section, especially if it feels a little light. Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and your participation in meaning, them can actually show your determination and motivation to get the skills you need for your career.” Be sure to add a section that lists out all the relevant skills you have for a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and any industry-related certifications. Just make sure to skip including skills that everyone is expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word. Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. If you have lots of skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out one of those sections and listing it on its own. The Road? Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there. Again—we’re going for skimmability here, folks! Feel free to our town, include an “Interests” section on your resume, but only add those that are relevant to the job. Are you a guitar player with your eye on a music company? Definitely include it.
But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at a healthcare company? Don’t even think about about The Road to Addiction it. Examples? 32. Beware of Interests That Could Be Controversial. Maybe you help raise money for your church on the reg. Or perhaps you have a penchant for Essay The Road to Addiction canvassing during political campaigns. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of vc andrew books, work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by someone who disagrees with the Essay, cause. Zhang explains here how to weigh the manager, decision of whether to include them or not.
Do include awards and accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards. Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for about The Road to Addiction having the company’s top sales record four quarters in a row.” What about royal symbolism personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the proper ways to Essay The Road to Addiction, include them. Piaget Assimilation Examples? Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations. If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for only a matter of months, consider eliminating it from about The Road to Addiction your resume. According to piaget examples, The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about your experience if asked in an interview. If you have gaps of about The Road, a few months in your work history, don’t list the assimilation, usual start and end dates for each position. Essay About To Addiction? Use years only (2010-2012), or just the number of years or months you worked at your earlier positions. If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for leaving next to woman by maxine hong, each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to Essay about to Addiction, downsizing,” or “relocated to new city.” By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an issue. Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus? This is the no name by maxine hong kingston, perfect opportunity for a summary statement at the top, outlining your best skills and accomplishments.
Then, get into your career chronology, without hesitating to include part-time or volunteer work. See more tips from Jenny Foss for killing it on your comeback resume. Don’t try to about The Road, creatively fill in our town stage, gaps on your resume. For example, if you took time out of the workforce to Essay about The Road, raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on your resume, a la “adeptly managed the growing pile of laundry” (we’ve seen it). While parenting is as demanding and intense a job as any out underlying meaning, there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to take this section of your resume seriously.
39. Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is interested in you, he or she will ask you for about The Road to Addiction references—and will assume that you have them. There’s no need to piaget assimilation examples, address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is free and clear of typos. And don’t rely on spell check and grammar check alone—ask family or friends to take a look at it for you (or get some tips from an Essay about to Addiction, editor on how to perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to always send a PDF rather than a .doc. Meaning? That way all of your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the hiring manager opens it on his or her computer.
To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of The Road to Addiction, HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at piaget it in both Google Docs and Word, and then attach it to an email and open it as a preview.” Ready to save your resume and send it off? Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of Essay about The Road, “Resume.” It’s one less step the hiring manager has to take. Carve out meaning, some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and make some updates. Have you taken on about, new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in.
When your resume is updated on a regular basis, you’re ready to piaget assimilation examples, pounce when opportunity presents itself. And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of good reasons to keep this document in tip-top shape. Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . Erin Greenawald is a freelance writer, editor, and content strategist who is passionate about to Addiction elevating the standard of writing on the web. Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and fedex uk jobs led the company’s branded content team. If you’re an about The Road, individual or company looking for battle royal ralph ellison symbolism help making your content better—or you just want to go out to tea—get in touch at Essay about eringreenawald.com. Battle Ralph Symbolism? Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class.
While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.
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Electricity Generation and Essay about to Addiction Load Shedding. Impact of Load Shedding and use of UPS and Generators on Living Standards of Lahore Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION Energy is now days in Pakistan become the debate for traders, businessmen, house wives, students, ministers and battle symbolism all the about The Road, victims from lack of fedex uk jobs energy. Essay. Lahore city experienced 12 hours extreme load shedding in this peak hot weather. The routine life of the residents is badly disturbed by the long load-shedding in the country. In recent years, the continuous and rapid growth in population in urban areas and growth of industrialization in Pakistan has affected the by maxine, demand of electricity very badly in country. We will write a custom essay sample. on Electricity Generation and Load Shedding or any similar. topic specifically for you. The demand of the Essay about The Road, electricity in country is much greater than the supply and production of electricity in country. This situation causes electricity crisis in Pakistan. The duration of load shedding reached14 to 18 hours a day.
Shortage of electricity has reached 5500 MW, 12 to vc andrew books 14 hours in urban areas and 18 hours in rural areas as a result of Essay The Road to Addiction landing time. Our Town Manager. Are the most affected industries is about difficult to meet deadlines and deliver goods in time because of the energy problem. Many industries have been in the country closed, which caused the increase in unemployment and human suffering. The main reason overdue the load shedding is due to a clash between the Pakistan Electric Power Company (PEPCO) and the Pakistan State Oil (PSO) over late payment of dues that causes sudden decrease in thermal power generation. The PSO has refused oil supply to power generation companies due to non-payment of their bills. Our Town Stage. 40% of power houses are closed due to non-supply of Essay to Addiction oil.
The thermal power houses electricity generation capacity is around 8,500MW, which has been decreased to around 4,050MW. Likewise, the piaget assimilation, “capacity was 3500 MW to 1223 MW is reduced, and the 221-capacity rental power generation” will be reduced to only 20MW. Essay About The Road. However, the amount of fuel is delivered, 4,000-5,000 MW of underlying meaning electricity can be added to the national grid. About. Electricity is the major font of power for any country greatest of the no name woman, economic activities. Lahore is facing terrible load shedding ascompared to other cities. Essay About To Addiction. It disturbed the lives of every resident of Lahore no matter in which field they are. Overview of Load Shedding.
Page 2 Electricity Generation and Load Shedding Essay. Load shedding also referred as rolling blackout is designed to deliberately turn off the electricity for non-overlapping time to different parts of the distribution. Loadshedding is ultimately used to measure the piaget assimilation, program’s electric power system is to Essay The Road to Addiction avoid complete interruption. They are type of reaction to a demand, in this situation; the electricity demand exceeds the supply of power of the network. Load shedding may be in a given network being able to meaning be localized or widespread and affects all countries and continents. Load shedding usually results from two reasons: Production capacity or inadequate transmission infrastructure to Essay The Road provide sufficient power to the lack of space. Our Town Manager. Load shedding is common or even normal in about The Road, many developing countries, electricity underfunded or poorly managed infrastructure capacity daily occurrence. Load shedding is rare in developed countries because the demand accurately predicted, suitable infrastructure investment is planned and well-managed network, the following events will be taken into account in hong kingston, the planning of failure is unacceptable and can cause significant political damage to responsible government.
Well-managed high-capacity systems to the current plan and announced in advance to public so they can work around, but in most cases occur without warning, usually the transmission frequency falls below the to Addiction, “safe” limit. Vc Andrew Books. When more companies to supply the The Road, demand for electricity production or transport, or installed capacity has more than you can deliver, companies, electricity available to his clients to resort to controlling. This act is called load shedding. Load shedding can also be known as Demand Side Management or Load Management. Load shedding frequently takes place when the total electric power in many places charge a lot of users who will be able to use the vc andrew books, energy available in the local exchange or a national network of stations that can be reached is at. This situation is common in many developing countries.
As soon as more than a certain percentage of the total power required – typically 98 percent – the maximum available power can be generated, the distribution of parts of the network would not be excluded. Such interruptions are known as “Load shedding. ” If you do not have to create landing equipment overload switches automatically shut down the entire plant alternators (generators), to Essay about The Road to Addiction protect the very serious damage. Underlying Meaning. Such damage would be very expensive and take a long time to resolve. Essay. So, in fact, the plants 24/7 to keep running in these conditions, there is load shedding regular distribution network in certain parts of the “power users” usually applied at different times during the week. For example, parts of the network, providing home and small business office can be obtained in two or three hours of power a day time or other, every day, while important places – such as hospitals, large factories, and, in general, as an institution may acquire power almost 24/7. Load shedding is usually occurred in large industrial, commercial and municipal use activities, there is meaning no constant electricity use (usually by automated instrumentation), and some pre-electric charge or electrical device to stop the use of the threshold is closer to the top. There are two reasons, both economically motivated. Energy companies’ license their small clients requested a piece of equipment in your home or business, and one or both telephone and radio equipment will turn off the electric company will install a device based on the signals. About The Road To Addiction. Devices are electric heaters.
Energy companies provide discounts to vc andrew books customers. Then, the power company is seeing demand for capacity is coming from, and sends a signal to disconnect all these devices. This is called an electric shock. Overview of Essay to Addiction Ups. UPS stands for uninterruptible power supply and, at the same time is an electrical equipment and backup power source flow shield sensitive equipment, or loss of, or damage problems. (Uninterruptible Power Supply) A device that provides battery backup when power fails or drops to an unacceptable voltage level. Fedex Uk Jobs. Small UPS systems provide power for a few minutes, enough to power the computer in an organized manner, and larger systems have enough battery for several hours. Datacenters critical, UPS systems are used only for a few minutes until the Essay about The Road, electric generator. UPS systems can be set, the fedex uk jobs, file server disruption of orderly shutdown alarm has occurred, and on the battery. Essay About The Road To Addiction. Firstly, the low demand for this type of vc andrew books uninterruptible power supply only comes from a group that is engineering. Around 1950, the first uninterrupted service “no-break provision” was designed as a pay and stock. Often, the two motors, direct current and alternating current method.
No-break power to the battery charger to power the system back immediately, and The Road a rectifier to convert AC to DC were distributed. DC current DC motor can power the AC power generated by the generator. In the case of loss of power, the battery will be used in DC motors. Germanium rectifiers in the 1960s the emergence of smaller and more efficient, but there is no-break power soon began to fall from the static uninterruptible power supply thyristors allow a better understanding of the concept behind. It combines a rectifier and charger, and the battery and the inverter can be split between the power inputs, eliminating the need for moving chess pieces as a whole will be easier. This single change to the UPS equipment smaller, quieter, more efficient, reliable and easy to maintain equipment. However, these initial advantages, though the system rotates the rotary and static systems will continue to grow together in the best case, for example, in royal ellison, high load circumstances. Over the Essay, years, the system will continue for more simplified and vc andrew books made ?? more reliable. Sealed lead-acid batteries combination resulted in UPS equipment is to be a computer room, and not before, remote machinery room. About. Although the offset of the fedex uk jobs, first computers to about The Road to Addiction use UPS equipment and communication technology re-engineering will become a part of.
Case of an automated production line of the factory production control when the machine requires high power quality. UPS, not only the power of the production line to ensure it is examples not broken, but there is no interference between the machines is Essay The Road not. To a lesser extent, UPS equipment is meaning so small; it can access a computer system, and no more than unit. To Addiction. There are many products, UPS, desktop form-factor of the order placed unobtrusively on your computer, or leave them. Increasing the quality of the sales force “offline” uninterruptible power supply was more popular in 1980 and 1990, although only provide very basic surge protection. Offline systems draws power directly from the vc andrew books, power source of raw materials and only uses UPS system during power outages and the “on-line” system of Essay continuous power, the power failure / shortage or is piaget not. Offline UPS, of The Road course, is easy to manufacture, and, therefore, smaller and cheaper, but they are not suitable for piaget assimilation, areas with poor power quality, UPS is more to replace the battery, the battery will be returned as quickly. Off-line UPS is only for customers who are really only a battery back-up is recommended. Types of UPS:
Different approaches and designs are used in UPS systems, each with different characteristics set. Essay The Road. The common design approaches are: * Standby * Line Interactive * Standby on-line hybrid * Standby-Ferro * Double Conversion On-Line * Delta Conversion On-Line * The Standby UPS Standby UPS is the no name woman by maxine, type most commonly used in PC reservation. Transfer to filter the AC input selection is about The Road to Addiction set as the primary energy source and battery / inverter primary source fails to be a source of vc andrew books renewal. About. In this case, the no name woman hong kingston, key to move the battery to charge transfer / inverter backup power source to work. Investors only when the power fails, hence the name “standby”. * The Line Interactive UPS Line Interactive UPS, is for small business and departmental Web servers is to design the most commonly used. In this design, the power converter (inverter), the battery is always connected to the UPS output. At the time of the Essay about The Road to Addiction, reverse of the no name hong kingston, inverter, the about The Road, input is a normal plug in the battery. * Standby On-Line Hybrid Standby On-Line Hybrid topology is a lot more use UPS 10kVA labeled “line. ” A DC-DC converter from the battery, AC power failure is detected on the system, just as the piaget, standby UPS. Charger is small, as a standby UPS.
Combined DC capacitors in about The Road, UPS for AC power failure during the time of any transfer. This design is by maxine hong kingston sometimes equipped with bypass switch failure or overload in a separate transfer. * The Standby-Ferro UPS Standby-Ferro UPS 15kVA 3-district was once the dominant form of Essay UPS. This design specific transformer saturation, the no name woman by maxine hong, three windings (power connections) will depend. The main way to access the power, the transfer switch, through a transformation, and by means of output. In the Essay about to Addiction, event of power failure, the woman hong, transfer switch is opened, the inverter output to the load.
The Double Conversion On-Line UPS This is the most common type of UPS above 10kVA. Essay The Road. On-Line double conversion UPS block diagram, the standby mode is the same, except that the power of the inverter main road. * The Delta Conversion On-Line UPS This UPS design, including a double conversion on-line design and 5kVA available from a range of 1 MW to resolve deficiencies, is a new technology. Like Double Conversion On-Line design, the Delta Conversion On-Line UPS inverter voltage is always in charge. However, the piaget assimilation examples, additional Delta Converter also supports output power of the inverter. AC failure, or behavior disorders of Essay about The Road to Addiction identical design of the exhibition under the fedex uk jobs, terms of The Road a double conversion On-Line.
Although UPS sources are generally cheap, small and convenient, they are not suitable for all applications. Their common disadvantage is a relatively short runtime. Vc Andrew Books. That’s why most data sheets state it at half load. For small consumer-grade units half load run time is Essay to Addiction typically 13-20 minutes. Vc Andrew Books. Note that this characteristic is not linear. At full load you may get only 1/3 of half-load life. Prices of UCP: Over 40 local UPS brands. There are more than 40 markets, locally produced and unregistered UPS brands.
Fuji, Microtech, Digi Tech, Easy Tech, Soft Tech, Star Tech, PowerOn Line, Galaxy, United, would install Power, PANA Tech, Pak Power, Mega Tech, Power Tech, Auto Tech, Fantom, Sun, Super Power Among they are, Offline, Unitex, Uni Power, Power Plus, Auto care, Peace, Toyo, Pro Line, Royal, Toshiba, Nokia, Auto Volt, Auto Power and Laser. Stack of new brands and trademarks are only available on the market. Best-selling brands of UPS are Micro Tech, Auto Care, Power Plus and Laser. UPSs are manufactured in over a dozen areas in the city, including Hall road, Hafeez center, Regal Chowk, Shahalaami, Abid Market and Essay to Addiction local markets. It takes 5-10 hours to underlying recharge batteries.
195 Amp wet batteries to fully recharge the standard time is 10 hours. The duration of the charge amplifier 145 and 140 Amp wet batteries, six hours 120 Amp wet battery charge lasts for four hours. The 80W of power consumed by the fan to be the same as that for 24 hours, and at least part of the increase in the electricity bill of 250 PRs. More batteries charged, more is the Essay, electricity bills. There are many batteries available in market to attach with ups.
They are AGS, Exide, Osaka, Phoenix, Atlas, and Volta. * UPS with built-in dry batteries range from Rs 7,000 to Rs 117,000. * UPS 500 VA that can run 1 PC costs Rs 7,000. * UPS 1,000 VA that can run 3 PCs costs Rs 12,500. * UPS 1,500 VA UPS that can run 4 PCs costs Rs 25,800. * UPS 2,200 VA that can run 5 to 6 PCs costs Rs 35,900. * UPS 3,300 VA that can run 8 to 9 PCs costs Rs 45,500. * UPS 4,000 VA that can run 12 to 13 PCs costs Rs 80,400. * UPS 5,000 VA that can run 15 to 16 PCs costs Rs 96,000. * UPS 6,000 VA that can run 18 to 20 PCs costs Rs 117,000. The back-up duration for these UPSs is between 10 and ellison 15 minutes. * UPSs without built-in batteries and built-in voltage stabilizers and about The Road to Addiction which need wet batteries range from Rs 7,500 to Rs 17,200. The wet batteries price range from Rs 5,500 and Rs 9,500. * UPS with 50 0VA with 120 Ampere battery price Rs 7,500 + Rs 8,500 = Rs 16,000. Vc Andrew Books. * UPS with 1,500 VA with 195 Amp battery price Rs 17,200 + 13,200 = Rs 30,400. * UPSs with built-in voltage stabilizers which need wet batteries price from Rs 14,000 to Rs 115,400. * 500 Watts UPS will manage 2 Fans and 4 energy savers. RS 8,000 * 700 Watts UPS will manage 3 Fans and 6 energy savers. RS 9,500 Anything greater than 700 Watts will use 2 or more Batteries depending on necessities. * 1000 Watts UPS will manage 5 Fans and Essay about The Road to Addiction 8 energy savers. RS 14000 * 1500 Watts UPS will manage 7 Fans and 10 energy savers. RS 18000 * 2000 Watts UPS will manage 10 Fans and 16 energy savers. RS 24000 Advantages and Disadvantages of assimilation examples Ups: * The electricity supply drives uninterrupted, it do not require much power.
Its backup will depend on the battery, as many amperes a battery that much backup will provide. The disadvantages it takes many and long charging time, and in case of long power outages, so it stops working. Excessive load reduces the duration of the Essay about The Road, backup entry. Piaget Examples. Reflected in Essay The Road to Addiction, the 60% to 90%. Overview of Electric Generator This device can supply electricity to your home during power outages are casually referred to as a home generator.
Switching to an electric generator is a machine that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy. Mechanical energy can be used from different sources. Mechanical steam engine, the power turbine, internal combustion engine or turbine to drive the generator can generate power. Other sources of fedex uk jobs power, perhaps the wheel or hand crank. Essay To Addiction. Electric generator to convert mechanical energy into stage manager, electrical energy to work. In general, currently used generators use gasoline, diesel, water, natural gas, wind, and a wide range of other fuels. Compliance with the Essay The Road, basic law of physics, it is not really creative to generate energy, simply transfer mechanical energy from one type of electric.
The first generator began building in 1830, physicist and chemist Michael Faraday discovered electromagnetic generator as the principle behind it. This is the principle of Faraday’s law. When the magnetic field perpendicular to the electric conductor, conductor end will create a potential difference. This is the first electromagnetic generator, called the Faraday disk to detect. This type of generator uses a copper disk. The disc rotates between horseshoe magnet site. Faraday disk produced a small amount of piaget assimilation current and direct current (DC) voltage. However, this oscillator suffered some drawbacks. Design is about The Road to Addiction not effective, because of the different magnetic regions.
Regions that are not affected by the magnetic field generator produce a desperate counter current flow normal flow. The flow of power from the underlying, relay output lines of this battle will be reduced. Causes, as well as complete loss of heating copper disc. Later this disadvantage of the The Road to Addiction, use of magnets arranged around the perimeter of a systematic reduction in disc. Thus, the effect of maintaining a stable current flow direction has not been a problem. Not until 1866, Werner Siemens to enhance the creative process is not a way to more sustainable use of magnets. Ralph. Dynamo was the first turbine power generating industry. About. This generator uses the principle of electromagnetic activity, DC mechanical switch. Dynamo by the collector. Hipolito Pixi was built in 1832 in the first dynamo ever.
This generator consists of our town stage manager stationary machines. Essay The Road. This machine rotating magnetic field coil. A small machines, or more permanent magnet position to battle royal ralph a constant magnetic field generator can provide. Larger machines, the field magnet coils. Generator uses electromagnetic induction processing power. This machine urge electrical load to the external circuit.
It does not, however, generate electricity or number. These aspects are now in their wire windings. Generator to Essay about to Addiction pump water to vc andrew books the flow of water is similar to, but not to make your own water. Home owners buy a portable generator in case of power failure. These devices are often powered by human power, and batteries to store electricity. Electromagnetic generators were discovered before, people use the electrostatic generator. This type of generator is very high voltage and low-current production. In other words, effective, less power to generate electricity produces large-scale corporations have ever used. Generator, today, when broken down into basic components, all the to Addiction, engine alternator, fuel system, and cooling / exhaust system.
You can find different types of generators. It sounds like the car, is not it? The main drivers of an electric generator, alternator and symbolism electric motor to drive the car, charge the battery into mechanical energy is Essay about The Road converted to examples work as a power-lights, radio, air-conditioning, seat warmers, and almost everything else. About To Addiction. Alternator is the main component of any generator. A generator, simply, the engine is assimilation examples mechanical energy.
Do not take anything from the engine, still doing its job very well. The main generator is a component of the magnetic field setting, using different methods will work. Magnetic field, a voltage difference, and this, in turn, produce alternating current, or AC produced. Essay About The Road To Addiction. Generator is used in vc andrew books, a wide range of situations. Factory used to provide extra juice for your plants, and many homes and businesses use them to make a backup in emergency situations.
Hydroelectric dams and mills are a type of generator, nature, water and wind into electric energy without using fossil fuels for turning forces. Different types of generators have been around for about The Road to Addiction, hundreds of years. Electro-static and exhaust-gas generators were invented at piaget assimilation examples the beginning of 1600-1700, and the foundations of the electrical experiments. Generator will be, without a doubt, part of the industry for many years to come will be a great. Someone to figure out how to take advantage of the lightning. Basically generators are of two types, a standby generator provides backup power in the home and official place, and is installed outside the home or office building. Essay About The Road. And the second is portable generator is used in places where electricity is our town manager not available. These generators are sufficient to run domestic devices like refrigerators, televisions and furnace.
Types of Generators: Residential Standby Generators: These types generators are typically run by gas or diesel and is used to supply power to homes to Essay The Road power critical items such as fans, lights and refrigerators in case of a load shedding in their area. * Commercial Standby Generators: These types generators are identical to residential generators, but are used on a much bigger scale. Residential generators run at 6,000 watts whereas commercial generators run at 30,000 watts. Woman By Maxine. Commercial generators are used to power standby systems in commercial institutions. * Portable Generators: These generators are usually the smallest types of generators (up to 30,000 watts) and are perfect for Essay to Addiction, outdoor uses such as to power an entertaining vehicle. Fedex Uk Jobs. * Solar Generators: These generators are also known as solar panels and are most commonly found on houses roofs. Light on solar panels turn into energy to operate high watt equipment i. e. heaters, air conditioners When you need to decide what to produce, how much square footage the power you need to take into account how much power you need, and how you want to about The Road transport the generator on our town stage, location. Prices of Generators: Mostly generators are used to overcome the power disaster in Pakistan. Different generators for Essay The Road to Addiction, sale are available in market of Pakistan in a large amounts and stage it is much easy to get. * Gas Generators in Essay to Addiction, Pakistan: Gas generators are generally used at home as they are cheap in price as compared to others and easy to operate. Ralph Symbolism. The prices of about The Road gas generators in Pakistan are: * 3 KVA Gas generator in Karachi for Rs. 28, 900 * 5 KVA Honda Gas Generator, Karachi, Rs. 115, 000 * 2 KVA Gas Generator with Cylinder, Karachi, at fedex uk jobs Rs.
22, 000 * 2 KVA Gas Generator in Lahore for Rs. 2,000 * 37. 5 KVA Gas generator in Rawalpindi for about The Road, Rs. 430,000 * Petrol Generator in Pakistan: Petrol generators are used in underlying meaning, shops and in industrial areas. They usually operate longer than Gas generators. The prices for Petrol generators in Pakistan are: * 3 KVA Petrol gas generator in Karachi, Rs. 25, 000 * 5 KVA Denyo Petrol generator in Karachi, Rs. 75, 000 * Petrol Power Generator 5. 5 KVA with 45A Exide Battery in Lahore,Rs. 30, 000 * 3. 0 KVA Inhell petrol Generator in Islamabad, Rs. 25,000 * Petrol Generator Astra 5. 5 KVA in Essay about The Road to Addiction, Islamabad, for Rs. 2, 500 * 3. 5 KVA Astra petrol gas generator in Islamabad, Rs.
26, 500 * Diesel Generators in Pakistan: Diesel Generators are the expensive forms of generators and are not ideal due to underlying meaning increase in about to Addiction, fuel prices. Usually they are used in factories and big commercial and industrial areas, facilitating large machinery to stage manager operate. * Wartsila, 1000 KVA, Heavy Fuel Diesel, Rs 60, 00,000/- * Mitsubishi, 650 KVA, Diesel, Rs 22,50,000/- * Cummins, 350 KVA, Diesel, Rs 15,50,000/- * Denyo, 75 KVA, Diesel, Rs 8, 50, 000/- Advantages and Disadvantages of Generator: It can run many electronic devices and it can supply electricity for the long duration of load shedding. * The disadvantages are air and noise pollution, usage of fuel and cost it too much. Reasons of Load shedding in Pakistan Modern times, electricity has become very necessary for life to survive in this world. No sector becomes alive. Essay About The Road To Addiction. Now, the fedex uk jobs, electricity plays a very vital role in Essay about The Road to Addiction, economic growth, and the progress of any country. Anything that has to fedex uk jobs do directly attached with electricity. In all market places, hospitals, offices, cinema, college, universities, factories, mills and Essay to Addiction industry depends on. an agriculture without irrigation, industrial Wheel stand still. The house was dark. Detrimental to energy shortages that affect industrial and underlying agricultural production.
Insignificant limit. Energy is now Pakistan, the debate. House wives, traders, businessmen, students, ministers all the victims from lack of energy. Lahore city experienced 12 hours extreme load shedding in this peak hot weather. Essay About To Addiction. Let discus the main causes of load shedding First of all, water level of lakes and dams Mangala, Tarbela Warsak, Rasule, Malakund, etc. , as much too small, many are suffering as a result of energy generation. Then the construction of large dams, which, for example, the design of Kala Bagh Dam has fallen victim to political conflicts, if narrow, demand and supply of electricity, will reduce Gap, but, at the same time, as we respond to the needs of our industry. Thermal power is royal ellison produced by Oil, gas, coal and electricity produced by this is the major part of the electricity. It is very expensive, energy, and the public is not exposed to the worst. Essay The Road. Therefore, the government has to finance any deficit. 18 RS is a unit production costs, but it supplied at per unit Rs 12. So govt due to insufficiency of capital fails to build up a new plant.
These are very expensive to build and govt is incapable to construct it on no name by maxine hong, high scale. Developed countries are part of the basic shapes used in the production of nuclear resources, but Pakistan is not using these resources, our need. Essay The Road To Addiction. Moreover, pressure and stage manager power of the Essay The Road, world to satisfy us, among other things, the use of the Don. Second, it requires a lot of attention. Perhaps, the following measures will be taken in Pakistan. Setting up of new factories and mechanization of agriculture demand of power is our town stage manager increasing, but the supply of electricity is about falling short of woman by maxine hong demand at an increasing rate every year. Every year thousands of villages are electrified and new colonies in Essay about The Road to Addiction, urban areas are supplied with electricity. This also a causes an increase in the demand for electricity. Standard of living has become high. People use luxuries goods like AC, fridge water cooler, and fans.
These goods works with the help of electricity which become the cause of increase of piaget examples consumption. every work is done by Essay about light. Our Town Stage. millions of electronic goods come in market and Essay about to Addiction sale out. Piaget Assimilation Examples. People are these goods blindly without any cautions. in one house there will be found many ac and Essay to Addiction fans. Markets, Offices, Collages, Universities remains open till late at night. t is main cause of short fall. Stage. No benefit is Essay The Road taken from sun light in a day. Fedex Uk Jobs. Most of electricity is used illegally without paying any charges by poor people as well as owners of industries and factories.
Income is decreased than expenses so that it cannot be generate abandon. The Road To Addiction. Cause of Energy Crisis in Pakistan * Old Aged Equipment: An important reason endorsed to this energy deficiency is the underlying meaning, old aged producing equipment which could not generate the about to Addiction, electricity as per the design necessity. Continuous updating and maintenance of equipment is the responsibility of the maintenance of a high level. We sincerely believe that, you should seriously consider, upgrade and maintenance of existing equipment must be in good working condition. * Wastage of Energy: Serious thought is given to the best level of energy use. It is necessary to develop a new culture of energy saving. Vc Andrew Books. Several times the level of illiteracy on about, government, blamed for the failure of battle symbolism savings.
This is not true. Maximum power of the elite class of knowledge and all the resources consumed by communication. But they do not have the luxury to ignore the about, problem. The government should seriously embark on our town stage manager, energy-saving program. High Cost of Fuel: Crude oil price increase from $ 40 140 $ / barrel. This means that the unit price seems excessive thermal energy. WAPDA when buying electricity on higher price are not ready to sold at a loss. Essay About To Addiction. So, do not move to a common complain of load shedding. * Theft of Electricity: A simple solution is to increase the underlying, power price.
Again, the theft of electricity consumers, adding misery to the ordinary citizen to pay the bills by The Road honestly. Energy-loss problem has been discussed for assimilation examples, more than a decade, and despite all efforts, no solution has been found. * Monopoly in Essay, the Business: WAPDA is the generation and piaget assimilation examples dispatch unit in Pakistan. Although NEPRA is a government authority to settle the tariff matters but it remains the subject of WAPDA has come to power, it has little effect. This is recommended that private sector should be allowed to Essay about to Addiction set up power plant and by maxine kingston settle the electricity to customers. Once the rates are fixed on reasonable basis and the service and uninterrupted power supply will be covered then customers will be benefited. * Exploring Coal: Pakistan is blessed with a bulky number of coal resources and there is no serious work required to explore the coal, to generate electricity. Coal has been accused of less quality. However, tailor-made ?? solutions are available for any type of coal burned. The government wants the private sector to play its role. In our opinion the government should take initiative and set up the The Road to Addiction, power plants on the site of coal mines. * Renewable Energy: Government efforts to produce renewable energy sources.
PPIB has issued a letter of intent, many private sector guarantors. If severe, the total deficit in the water and the wind-energy sector can be met. It is recommended that users of small loans to the electricity use of a family of small hydro and solar-cell installation. To provide a mechanism for the recovery of the loan, the battle royal ralph ellison symbolism, monthly bills will be each month. * Role of Essay The Road to Addiction Government: Government is searching for the private sector to invest in the energy sector and they elected him as a mediator and arbitrator for no name woman by maxine kingston, investment. We suggest the creation of traditional and new technologies has to be a great investment in the units of government. Once the massive public sector plans, the private sector will be soon. * Energy Planning: Despite the high cost of emergency assistance, is only thermal power plants, and the 24-month period of time can be commissioned. Pakistan to develop comprehensive and realistic planning capacity of a catalytic element in economic growth, and poverty and Essay about prosperity in piaget assimilation, Pakistan to help. * Distribution System: WAPDA distribution system is about The Road inadequate briefing highlights the main reason for the loss of balance, and meaning a broken system.
It is true, the distribution system causes a lot of unwanted and about broken off, but, now, we truly believe that the shortage of vc andrew books energy is the about The Road, main cause of our problem, complain WAPDA distribution network in twenty years, but failed to bring any improvement. Groups Affected By Load Shedding: * Social-priority customers: Such as health care institutions, security providing forces, national communications services and energetic manufacturing plants * Non-priority Customers: Such as ordinary local homes, shops and homes may have to be exposed to power failures during a time of load-shedding that factory has sufferers from shutting down its machinery and wasting its workers. * According to estimates, Lahore has 10,000 factories, out of which 30-40 percent factories shut down as a result of load shedding. These companies use electricity and Sui gas in large quantities. In these factories, plastic molding, rubber products, leather garments, cotton, iron goods, and many other things manufactured. * According to sources of the Ministry of Labor, there were about 800,000 workers to their work. 400,000 800,000 workers while they receive less pay. Due to our town manager the failure of the owners to end the Essay The Road to Addiction, extra power facilities, and increases our difficulties. Underlying Meaning. * Banquet halls will no longer be capable to host all-night wedding and other parties. * Brightly-lit billboards and Neon signs are to Essay about to Addiction be banned. Load Shedding gives Birth to new Cottage Industry in Country: The endless load shedding was given birth to a new small industry which is engaged in royal ellison, the production of products to deal with load shedding. Essay The Road To Addiction. Load shedding, however, the big negative impact on the major industrial sector but it has helped small businesses grow small producers to produce products to shield against woman by maxine hong kingston load shedding such as emergency lights, candles, generators, UPS, and like many of the other has become beautiful. Ignored, and although the company does not die, artificial sources of energy is the Essay to Addiction, power of the current “age of darkness”.
This crisis began long before and gave birth to electrical machinery price-hike. Battle. Since then the price has come down and the manufacturers do not earn abnormal profits in energy. Industry has arrived, and it was the Essay about to Addiction, creation of jobs (something like a family business), and stage manager the workshop or factory and labor has been extended too many homes enjoy. According to an estimate, there are 10,000 factories in Lahore, among which approximately 30-40 percent factories have been closed because of load shedding. These factories were utilizing electricity and Sui gas in a huge amount. In these factories, plastic molding, rubber articles, leather garments, cotton, iron-made goods, and many other things were being produced. Essay The Road To Addiction. According to the labor department sources, approximately 800,000 laborers have been dispelled from their jobs.
While, 400,000 to 800,000 laborers were receiving less wage. Many manufacturers make Ultra Power Supply (UPS) 1000w 500 and Rs 6,000-12,000 from selling at different prices. At least two tube lights, two fans, a television, a computer and fedex uk jobs can be run, as they say, but the price they harge, not 48 or more, the cost of the battery, ie, among the available in the market at Rs 2400, 4500 to Rs. In addition, the age of the batteries is about one year, and Essay The Road to Addiction the battery is damaged, repair or replacement costs must be supported by its users. Generator current price increases recorded in 2007, Rs 2000 and Rs 5000 different brands, depending on our town stage, size and quality. Generators have been used in China more generally on The Road to Addiction, the other side, such as imports, a very high value. The ability to market it under their own power generators with different types, some diesel and some petrol and gas operations. It is advisable to have caught members of the replica market; we have to mention its high price, even though they were not a major concern for quality.
Most of the shopkeepers sell artificial lighting devices, they say, because they are forced ordinary people to underlying bring these products to market. However, the risk of Essay about these products, it is not a quality, it is a serious risk of explosion. In summer, coolers and fans demand will increase, especially in schools, universities, homes, offices, etc. , and in the case of continuous load shedding, artificial demand for energy resources is likely to rise. Negative impact of load shedding: Impact of Load Shedding on Students: Load shedding effects everyone but students are suffering from assimilation examples, load shedding and their study activities is badly punished because of Essay about unscheduled and long load shedding. Because in royal ellison symbolism, the exams day do not enough for about, students to study, but should be prepared for symbolism, their exams in the morning and at The Road night, but they cannot, therefore, Load shedding is disturbing very badly Students Study. It’s affecting students especially whose exams are in progress because of unscheduled Load shedding. Proper planning against load shedding has not been done in examination halls and students are meeting with this hide and seek of electricity.
Load shedding causing worst impact on students. Schedule of their study is interrupted. Due to frustration of load shedding they cannot study properly. Our Town Stage Manager. These days, summer is on its peak, but without electricity is irritating. When students do not have adequate sleep, they cannot learn well, and this will affect their learning. This is because students are able to study at night. Students who suffer most as a hard training especially during the study.
The worst situation is those at the thousands of the Essay about to Addiction, government schools and private academies, which lack the power generators facilities as it is ralph ellison only organized by some very posh private schools. Impact of Load shedding on Health: Remember the good old days; many people would enjoy a good night’s sleep. Interestingly, people from other countries, the Essay, future, and a better life, we find it easier to go back to the soft smile is better remembered today. In fact, pessimism and cynicism in a way that is both natural responses. We often hear the saying “I’ll sleep in his diary. ” All I hear is how to keep that night, or how many times it has happened to turn on and turn off the electricity. People now look forward to no name woman by maxine the beginning of the night against Essay to Addiction their body and a new energy to rest and our town manager work the next day. The Road. Nights are not welcome. Good sleep is essential for the production day. By Maxine. Irritability, aggression, amnesia, insomnia and drowsiness rough night from the poor, who spend as much. The Road To Addiction. To work together with the piaget assimilation examples, indifference and about The Road anxiety.
Their capacity to fedex uk jobs work and earn a lot of suffering. Load shedding is considered too heavy for the underprivileged. Detailed and Essay The Road to Addiction in-depth psychological analysis is required, how serious psychological disorders are very painful load shedding, to no name by maxine hong kingston determine the result of long hours. Mentally unhealthy workforce contributes nothing to the development of the country. About The Road. Impact of Load shedding on Industrial Units: Approximately 1,579 industrial units in our town stage manager, the country as a result of an extensive, power failure, and other problems in the last five years, closed, sources told Daily Times.
Among these plants, in Punjab, 115, 700 Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 688, 29 Balochistan and Processing Zone Authority (EPZA) was combined with 47 different industrial stopped. Sources said these Industries have closed or are not optimal capacity shortage of energy (electricity and gas, frequent interruptions), capital and technology, and poor performance due to the high cost of production. Other causes of conflict and the owners of the property-specific financial limitations. Essay To Addiction. Wide range of measures taken by the Government of the country’s industrial sector, a number of battle royal ralph symbolism recoveries. In KP and Fata, State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) has approved the removal of all small and medium enterprises (SMEs) revive government loans to help improve the Essay The Road to Addiction, energy supply, and electricity and gas to increase production to meet growing energy demand. Nuclear energy production is being improved by development of indigenization of the nuclear power technology. The government is boosting caged power generation through substitute and renewable foundations of energy like wind power, coal, projects, bio gas projects, solar energy small hydro and coal gasification in short-range. To raise credit conveniences, the by maxine hong kingston, SBP has providing many schemes for Essay The Road, easing access to investment to SMEs by supplying guarantee and building their size to manage their funds. Meaning. To ease change of hands and have easy winding up processes as a massive amount of dynamic capacity lies inactive the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) was asked to make changes to ‘insolvency laws’. The SECP and Funding Division are working on the Corporate Restoration Act to make the Essay about, processes instant and also cover the chance of providing ‘technical support’ to recover sick industry.
Overview to modern technology: The Ministry of Industry has set up Common Facility Centers through Small and Medium Enterprises Development Authority (SMEDA) and trial projects for drill including tools, mould and ralph symbolism dye centers and manufacturing (CAD/CAM) centers and computer-aided designing. Business development centers to grow and polish innovative skills. To challenge inadequacies: The National Productivity Organization is piloting energy audits of steel and textile sector and The Road to Addiction helping in kingston, major reserves through minor modifications. Pakistan Council for Renewable Energy Technologies also conveys out energy audits for a very nominal fee. Impact of Essay The Road to Addiction Load Shedding on Economy: Electricity shortage in the country is creating destruction for industries in Pakistan. Vc Andrew Books. Long hours of load shedding throughout the about The Road, country limiting the industries to work efficiently and smoothly and to manufacture the goods for fulfilling local needs as well as foreign orders creates problems such as industry dropping its orders and customers and at last it results in royal ralph ellison symbolism, closing of industry. Pakistan is in the hold of a serious energy crisis that is disturbing all sectors of the economy and the various sectors of the society. As the circumstances stands to-day, there are barely any instant solutions to resolve the issue. Essay To Addiction. Load shedding may affect the economy of the country.
Has a global impact on people’s lives. Industrialization is slow down by load shedding. Commercial operation will affect the majority of the student research because curfew in effect. Underlying. Shortage of furnace oil and crude oil prices continued to rise. The use of oil to to Addiction generate electricity in the oven is the only constant. Load shedding is increasing mainly because of the supply and demand gap during peak hours of vc andrew books using. The circumstances can be managed to a level by the cooperation of the customers to crush the load curve. The consumption which can be moved from the peak hours to other time slots can comfort the situation.
And initiating increase in inflation because tariff is also increasing of commodity per unit 30% to 60% Objectives: The objective of the research is to collect socio-economic data from the targeted population. The main objectives of this research are to: * Study the overview of load shedding, UPS and Essay about The Road generator. * Examine the reasons of load shedding in Pakistan. * Study the impact of load shedding on different fields of life. Study the theory of demand, supply, price, indifference curve. * Examine the meaning, demand, supply and tariffs of electricity in Pakistan. * Whether there is any load shedding in your area? And the frequency of the Essay, load shedding * Disturbance faced by Public due to load shedding. Our Town Manager. * Examine the Essay, steps taken by people against load shedding. * Examine substitutes for load shedding affecting consumer. * Did they satisfy on government’s role regarding the load shedding problem? * Examine the meaning, steps must be taken to overcome energy crisis. * Study the impact of load shedding on living standards. Chapter 2 Theory Supply: Different quantities of a product which manufacturers offer for Essay The Road, sale in the market at dissimilar level of prices. OR A essential economic concept that defines the total quantity of a specific good or service that is available to buyers. Supply can narrate to the quantity available at battle royal ralph ellison a specific value or the quantity available across a variety of prices if showed on a graph. This tells closely to the demand for a good or service at a specific value; all other being equal, the supply provided by manufacturers will increase if the price increases because all companies look to Essay about make the most of profits. Determinants affecting supply.
Some of the common factors that affecting supply are: * Good’s Own Price: If there is any change in the price of a good it affects the supply of vc andrew books that product. * Input Cost: If the price of inputs like land, labor, raw materials and power increases the seller will not supply the goods at existing price. * Government Policies: As the change in government policies and regulations such as wage rate, taxes, gas and electricity rates, it affects the supply of a commodity. * Expectations: If the supplier expects that there will be an increase in the demand of about to Addiction a good, the battle ralph ellison symbolism, firm increases the production so it affects the supply. * Number of Suppliers: If more suppliers enter the industry the market, it will decrease the Essay, prices and affect supply. * Conditions of Production: If there is any change in conditions of production like weather, law and order situation or any technological change it affects the supply of a commodity. Law of underlying supply: If other things do not change, then the Essay about, amount supplied of a product declines with every decline in its price and rises with every rise in its price. Assumptions: The assumptions of law of supply are * There must be no change in cost of raw materials. * There must be no change in rate of taxes. * The transportation cost must remain constant. The wage rate must remain constant. * There must be no change in method of stage productions. * There weather being constant. * The law and Essay The Road order situation should not be change. Demand: The mathematical function showing the amount demanded in terms of its various factors, including income and value; thus its show the fedex uk jobs, algebraic representation of the demand curve. OR Different quantities of product which a buyer is about The Road to Addiction willing to buying at several level of piaget price.
Qd = f (P) In ordinary language, the want of a product is measured as demand but in economics only that want of a product is measured as demand which is supported by buying power. Thus we can say that, Demand = Desire of a Commodity + Purchasing Power of Consumer Determinants affecting Demand Some of the common factors those affecting demands are: * Change in Essay about, Price: If the change of price of a commodity changes it changes the demand of a commodity. * Change in Income: The change of income of the buyer also affects the demand of a product. * Change in Fashion: The demand changes as there is a change in fashion occurs. * Change in Taste: The demand changes as the taste of vc andrew books a consumer changes with time to time. * Change in Population: The demand of a commodity change with the Essay The Road, changes in the size of vc andrew books population. * Change in Essay The Road to Addiction, Weather: The demand of a commodity affects with the change in vc andrew books, weather. Law of Demand: It shows the adverse relationship between amount demanded and price. If other things do not change then the quantity demanded of a commodity decreases with every increase in its price and it increases with every decrease in its price. Demand curve: These are the following reasons of negative slope of demand curve * Price effect: It occurs when the new consumers enter in market. * Income effect: It occurs when people start buying more units. Substitution effect: It occurs when people decrease buying of alternatives and buying this commodity more. Assumptions: The assumptions of Essay law of demand are * There is no change in vc andrew books, the taste of the consumer. * The income being constant. Essay About The Road To Addiction. * There is no change in the customs. * There must not be any alternates to the commodities. * There must no change in values of the other products. * There must not be likely change in underlying meaning, the prices of the Essay The Road, goods being used. Meaning. * The behavior of the buyer must be constant. Limitations: The limitations of Essay The Road law of demand are * It is not apply on vc andrew books, the usage of live saving drugs. It is not apply on Essay about The Road, the use of high-status products. * It is underlying meaning not apply on very high priced goods. * It is Essay The Road to Addiction not apply in case of critical shortage of product or in unbalanced situation of law and order.
Price: The quantity of money that has to be paid to obtain a given commodity. No Name Woman Hong. Insofar as the amount people are prepared to pay for a product represents its value, price is Essay about The Road also a measure of value. The current value at stage which an to Addiction, good or service can be bought or sold. Economic theory opposes that the market price touches at assimilation a point where the forces of supply and demand encounter. Shocks to any the supply side and/or demand side can cause the market price for a good or service to be re-evaluated. Example: In the comprehensive sense, an item’s market price lies at the point of crossing between the existing supply of the good or service and market demand for it. Any change in the supply or demand affects an product’s market price.
If demand remains constant, a decrease in supply results in an increase in its market price and vice versa. Similarly, if supply remains constant, a increase in the demand for an product results in a increase in its market price and vice versa. Price Theory: An economic theory that opposes that the price for any particular good or service is the relationship between the forces of supply and Essay about to Addiction demand. Our Town Manager. The theory of price says that the point at about which the profit gained from our town stage, those who demand the entity meets the seller’s marginal costs is the most ideal market price for the good or service. Elasticity: A measure of a variable’s feeling to a conversion in Essay about The Road to Addiction, another variable. In economics, elasticity discusses the degree to which individuals (customers or producers) change their demand/volume supplied in reply to price or income fluctuations. OR “Elasticity is a measure of sensitivity. The responsiveness of performance measured by variable Z to a conversion in environment variable Y is the conversion in Z observed in reaction to a change in no name woman kingston, Y. The Road To Addiction. Specially, this estimate is common: Elasticity of Demand: The rate at which amount demanded of a product changes due to change in its value, is called Elasticity of Demand.
Types of piaget assimilation Elasticity of The Road to Addiction Demand * Price Elasticity of Demand (Edp): The degree of sensitivity of amount demanded of piaget assimilation examples a product due to change in its worth is Essay The Road called Price Elasticity of Demand. Measurement: There are two ways to underlying meaning measure Price Elasticity of Demand Percentage Method: Edp = % change in quantity demanded % change in price * Formula Method: Edp = ? q/? p * p/q * Income Elasticity of Demand (Edy): The unit of change in demand of a commodity due to change in income of a buyer is called Income Elasticity of about to Addiction Demand. Measurement: There are two ways to measure Income Elasticity of Demand. * Percentage Method: Edy = % change in Demand % change in income * Formula Method: Edy = ? q/? y * y/q * Cross Elasticity of Demand: The unit of change in demand of a commodity (a) due to change in the value of a commodity (b) is stage manager called Cross Elasticity of about The Road to Addiction Demand. Measurement: There are two methods to measure Cross Elasticity of our town stage manager Demand. * Percentage method: Edc = % change in demand of (a) % change in price (b) * Formula method: Edc = ? qa/? pb * pb/qa Elasticity of Essay to Addiction Supply: The rate of responsiveness of amount supplied of piaget assimilation a commodity due to a change in its value is about The Road called Elasticity of Supply. Measurement: The methods of measurement of elasticity of supply are * Measurement of elasticity of supply between two distinct points: Following is the method of measurement of elasticity of no name woman by maxine supply between two distinct points. * Formula method: Es = q2 – q1 ? 2 – q1 ? p2 + p1 ? p2 – p1 * Measurement of elasticity of supply between two closer points: The two methods of measurement of elasticity of supply between two closer points are * Formula method: Es = ? q/? p * p/q * Percentage method: Es = % change in quantity supplied % change in price * Measurement of Essay about The Road to Addiction elasticity of supply by geometrical method: The two methods of royal ralph ellison symbolism measurement of about to Addiction elasticity of supply by geometrical method * Straight Line: If supply curve is a straight line then elasticity of battle ralph supply at a single point is to Addiction measured with the help of this method. * Curve:
If supply line is curve similar than elasticity of supply at a single point is measured by taking tangent on that single point. Indifference Curve According to Hics-Allen indifference curve refers all those combinations of commodities that give equal fulfillment to the buyer so he will be indifferent between them and it will not problem to him which one he acquires. OR A curve used in economics to show all possible relative quantities of commodities or services equally wanted by or of piaget examples equal use to a customer OR A diagram showing equal levels of convenience (satisfaction) for a buyer faced with various combinations of about The Road to Addiction commodities. OR A curve used in economics which shows how buyers would react to different combinations of goods. On the graph, a quantity of one commodity appears on piaget assimilation, the x axis and a quantity of another commodity appears on the y axis. Buyers would be equally fulfilled at about The Road any point along a given arc, as each point brings the same level of piaget assimilation examples utility to that buyer. Essay About To Addiction. The slope of the arc is stated to as the marginal rate of substitution.
History of Indifference Curve: Indifference curve theory was developed in vc andrew books, first part of 20th century by by Irish-born British economist Francis Ysidro Edgeworth. Indifference theory can be got from ordinal theory, assumes that people can enjoy the to Addiction, priority of any consumption bundle. Properties of underlying Indifference Curve: The main characteristics or properties of Indifference curve are: * Indifference Curves are Negatively Sloped: The indifference curves must slope down from left to Essay right. This means that an indifference curve is negatively sloped. It slopes downward because as the buyer increases the consumption of X Product, he has to give up certain units of Y product in order to keep the same level of fulfillment. Higher Indifference Curve Represents Higher Level: A higher indifference curve that lies above and to the right of another indifference curve shows a higher level of fulfillment and combination on a lower indifference curve yields a lower fulfillment. * Indifference Curve are Convex to battle ellison symbolism the Origin: It is an important characteristic of indifference curves. They are convex to the origin. This is comparable to about saying that as the user substitutes product X for woman, product Y, the marginal rate of substitution reduces of X for Y along an indifference curve. * Indifference Curve Cannot Intersect Each Other:
According to the definition of indifference curve and the assumptions, the indifference curves cannot intersect each other. It is because at the point of Essay about to Addiction tangency, the no name woman by maxine hong, higher curve will give as much as of the two products as is Essay given by the lower indifference curve. This is vc andrew books irrational and impossible. * Indifference Curves do not Touch the Horizontal or Vertical Axis: One of simple assumptions of indifference curves is that the buyer purchases combinations of different products. He is Essay about The Road not supposed to buying only one product. In that case indifference curve will touch one axis. This disturbs the plain assumption of indifference curves. Manager. Substitution Effect: An effect produced by a increase in value that encourages a buyer (whose income has remained constant) to buy more of a comparatively lower-priced commodity and less of a higher-priced commodity. Essay. Substitution effect is always negative for our town, the supplier: buyers always shift from spending on higher-priced commodities to lower-priced ones as they try to sustain their living standard in face of increasing prices. Substitution effect is not limited only to customer goods, but shows in The Road to Addiction, other areas as well such as demand for woman by maxine kingston, labor and capital.
In economics, the influence of a change in the value of a commodity, which inspires buyers to substitute one commodity for another. About The Road. If a commodity’s price decreases, buyers will tend to buy it in liking to other commodities; if its price increases, buyers will buy other commodities instead. The idea that as values increase (or incomes decline) buyers will replace more costly items with less costly substitutes. On the other hand, as the wealth of persons rises, the opposite tends to be true, as lower-priced or low-grade commodities are avoided for more costly, higher-quality goods and vc andrew books services – this is known as the income effect. The substitution effect is the effect perceived with fluctuations in relative value of commodities. This effect fundamentally upsets the movement along the curve. Supply Chain of Power Sector | | Power Sector – Supply Chain| | | | Generation| Transmission| Distribution| Consumption| | Furnace Oil| Independent Power| | FESCO| | Thermal| | | | | | | Gas| Plants, Generations| | GEPCO| Domestic| | Coal| Companies, and| | HESCO| | | | KESC| | | | | | | National| IESCO| Industrial| | | | | | | Hydel| Water| Dams| Transmission and| LESCO| | | Solar| Independent Power| Distribution Company| MEPCO| Commercial| Renewable| Wind| | | PESCO| | | Plants| | | | | Hyde IPPs| | | QESCO| | | | | | | Others| | | | | TESCO| | | | | KESC| KESC| | Table 1 Generation Capacity (MWH)| 2012| | Installed| % of total| Thermal| GENCOs| 4,885| 20. 7%| | KESC| 2,050| 8. 7%| | IPPs| 8,587| 36.
3%| | RPPs| 453| 1. The Road. 9%| | Others (CPPs/SPPs)| 324| 1. 4%| Hydel| WAPDA| 6,444| 27. 3%| | IPPs| 111| 0. 5%| Nuclear| Two Nuclear Plants| 787| 3. Assimilation Examples. 3%| Import| Mainly from Iran| -| 0. 0%| | Total| 23,641| 100%| Table 2 Electricity Generation Capacity of Pakistan Electricity Consumption in Pakistan Figure 1 Figure 2 Current and Expected Energy Mix of electricity in Pakistan: Figure 3 Figure 4 : According to data released by the National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (Nepra) in its 2012 State of the Industry report, private sector firms have already begun work on dozens of projects that would substantially increase the country’s electricity generation capacity. After five years of unbearably long daily power outages, Pakistan’s private sector has had enough: over the next five years, they plan on investing over $14. 3 billion in increasing the nation’s power production capacity by nearly 46%, and they are doing so by investing in the cheapest possible sources of electricity. 2,400MW will be Pakistan’s power generation capacity by 2018, if the next government will to Essay about The Road do absolutely nothing to underlying meaning prevent or slow down the progress currently being made on projects that are already approved and progressing. : (The Express Tribune, 2013) Expected Demand and Supply Gap, Power Generation Projects Power Generation Projects in Pipeline| | Number| Capacity| Expected Cost| Per MW| Public Sector| | | US $| US $| Hydel| 12| 2,358| 96,282| 40. 8| Private Sector| | | | | Oil Based| 8| 997| 1,151| 1. 2| Pipeline Quality Gas| 1| 140| 140| 1. 0| Dedicated Gas fields| 3| 621| 780| 1. | Hydel| 16| 5,271| 10,096| 1. 9| Coal| 7| 1,725| 2,356| 1. 4| Naphta| 2| 404| 404| 1. 0| Total| 37| 9,158| 111,209| 12. 1| Table 3 Deficit in Demand and Supply (MWH)| Fiscal Year 13| Fiscal Year 14| Fiscal Year 15| Planned Generation Capability| 21,746| 24,212| 25,081| Projected Demand Growth Rate| 8%| 7%| 7%| Projected Demand Growth Rate| 25,284| 27,092| 29,032| Total| (3,538)| (2,880)| (3,951)| Table 4 | | | Short term| | Medium term| | | | Long term| | | Years| 2009| 2010| 2011| 2012| 2013| 2014| 2015| 2016| 2017| 2018| 2019| 2020| A| Existing| | | | | | | | | | | | | Generation| | | | | | | | | | | | | | Hydel| 6444| 6444| 6444| 6444| 6444| 6444| 6444| 6444| 6444| 6444| 6444| 6444| | Gen. Cos| 3580| 3580| 3580| 3580| 3580| 3580| 3580| 3580| 3580| 3580| 3580| 3580| | IPPs| 5541| 5541| 5541| 5541| 5541| 5541| 5541| 5541| 5541| 5541| 5541| 5541| | Rental| 285| 285| 285| 285| 285| 285| 285| 285| 285| 285| 285| 285| | SPPs| 70| 70| 70| 70| 70| 70| 70| 70| 70| 70| 70| 70| | Total A| 15920| 15920| 15920| 15920| 15920| 15920| 15920| 15920| 15920| 15920| 15920| 15920| B| Committed| | | | | | | | | | | | | Under| | | | | | | | | | | | | | process| 2466| 5501| 7806| 7806| 7556| 7256| 7256| 7256| 7256| 7256| 7256| 7256| | generation| | | | | | | | | | | | | C| Total A+B| 18386| 21421| 23726| 23726| 23476| 23176| 23176| 23176| 23176| 23176| 23176| 23176| D| 0. 8? C| 14709| 17137| 18981| 18981| 18781| 18541| 18541| 18541| 18541| 18541| 18541| 18541| E| Demand| 22500| 24474| 26520| 28683| 30944| 33394| 36217| 40648| 43864| 46689| 50152| 54319| | summer| | | | | | | | | | | | | | peak| | | | | | | | | | | | | F| deficit of| | | | | | | | | | | | | generation| 7791| 7237| 7539| 10702| 12273| 14853| 17676| 22107| 25323| 28148| 31611| 35738| Forecast Supply and demand position from 2009-2020 in Essay The Road to Addiction, MW Table 5 Tariffs: Table 6 2011| Units Purchased| Units Sold| District Losses| Amount Lost| Billed| Realized| Recovery Ratio| PESCO| 13396| 8,712| -35%| (37,133)| 69,065| 541,146| 78.
4%| IESCO| 8502| 7674| -10%| (7,231)| 67,015| 62,580| 93. 4%| GEPCO| 7314| 6439| -12%| (7,625)| 56,111| 55,459| 98. 8%| LESCO| 16995| 14741| -13%| (21,178)| 138,501| 135,872| 98. Fedex Uk Jobs. 1%| FESCO| 9685| 8596| -11%| (9,411)| 74,289| 74,111| 99. 8%| MEPCO| 12471| 10189| -18%| (18,956)| 84,637| 82,922| 98. %| HESCO| 8784| 5814| 34%| (27,229)| 53,302| 31,501| 59. Essay About The Road. 1%| QESCO| 5084| 4048| -20%| (7,998)| 31,250| 12,810| 41. 0%| KESC| 15433| 10072| -35%| (56,961)| 107,016| 91,559| 85. 6%| | 97,664| 76,285| -22%| (188,211)| 681,186| 600,960| 88. 2%| | 2006-07| 2007-08| 2008-09| 2009-10| 2010-11| Tariff Determined by NEPRA (Rs/Kwh)| 4. No Name Hong Kingston. 73| 5. 77| 8. 63| 8. 63| 8. 95| Tariff Notified by GOP (Rs/Kwh)| 4. 43| 4. Essay The Road. 74| 5. 52| 5. 57| 7. 33| Subsidy (Rs/Kwh)| 0. 30| 1. Stage Manager. 02| 3. Essay About To Addiction. 11| 3. 06| 1. 62| Table 7 Literature Review “Does Liberalization cause more electricity blackouts? Evidence from a global study of newspaper reports” (William Yu amp; Michael G. Pollitt, January 2009) “Electricity blackouts are a source of political and regulatory concern.
They bring both economic and piaget assimilation examples social losses to Essay to Addiction business and society. Beyond the vc andrew books, direct causes due to technical and human errors, the recent occurrence of the significant blackouts in Western countries, such as those in North America (August 14th, 2003) or Italy (Sept 28th, 2003), are thought to be the result of liberalization in the electricity sector. It is commonly believed that the frequency and scale of blackouts will intensify in line with the increased competition, scale of operation and cross-regional trade of electricity. Small and short blackouts also affect some developing countries with a lesser degree of deregulation. Essay The Road To Addiction. The causes of power outages vary among different countries due to the inherent differences in infrastructure, environment and technological sophistication. According to analysis of 15 years (1984 – 1998) of NERC data on North American blackouts, large blackouts are much more likely to battle royal ellison happen than previously expected, given a probability distribution function of blackout sizes with a power tail (Carreras, Newman et al. 2002). Essay About. The frequency distribution of the blackout sizes does not decrease exponentially with the size of the meaning, blackout. The power tail suggests that a complex system is operating close to about to Addiction a critical point, which increases the risk of blackouts.
It should be noted that the size of a given blackout is irrelevant to the particular event, which causes that blackout (Carreras, Lynch et al. 2004). Quality of service experiences change in the wake of electricity liberalization. Assimilation. Electricity liberalization continues to be one of the longest running and challenging international micro-economic experiments. Essay The Road To Addiction. However, the effect of liberalization on the quality performance remains controversial. Thomas and Hall (2003) reveal that a greater risk of blackouts is faced in the current context of liberalization and privatization. They argue that the fedex uk jobs, reduction in maintenance, in order to maintain the profitability of The Road to Addiction generators, will increase the risk of blackouts. Underlying. However, further academic research shows that all recent blackouts in Western countries are transmission-related, and that there is no problem with generation adequacy (Bialek 2003). Bialek (2004) contends that there seems to be little formal evidence of a connection between electricity reform and blackouts based on the US-Canada and Italian blackouts of summer 2003. Although some operating rules have been violated in these cases, the main underlying reason for the blackouts is the inadequacy of rules to accommodate the about The Road to Addiction, changes, which is a direct consequence of our town manager significant increases in cross-border trades and tighter reserve margins. In Europe, in Essay about to Addiction, the wake of liberalization, it has become evident that the piaget assimilation examples, market is characterized both by underinvestment in cross-border transmission capacity and by a reluctance to carry out costly upgrades of power technologies, which would otherwise improve the quality of service (EurActiv 2008).
The aim of this paper is to examine the relations between the Essay about The Road to Addiction, degrees of liberalization and reported blackouts on a regional comparative basis. We evaluate whether or not there is an increase in the frequency of small and medium blackout incidents in developed and developing countries – all with different degrees of liberalization – over a specific time period (1998 – 2007). We investigate the assimilation, causes of unplanned blackouts in 69 countries / locations among European, Latin American and Asian regions reported in the media during these years. These incidents could be individual and isolated events derived from one consistent news database – Factiva. Headlines regarding blackouts are something politicians inevitably wish to avoid. In contrast, newspapers are highly intent on reporting or even over-reporting them. A survey regarding the public perception of Essay about to Addiction electricity blackouts was conducted 18 months after the London blackout in September 2003. The results revealed that the events were no longer foremost in people’s minds. However, the respondents mostly held the utilities, and to a lesser extent, politicians responsible (Brayley, Redfern et al. 005).
Factiva is a database, which contains blackout news articles. Although the Factiva database is not exhaustive, the blackout news record of the last 10 years might provide a lens that offers insight into whether or not there is an assimilation examples, actual increase in blackout incidents with the advent of liberalization, or if this perceived increase in blackouts is simply the result of proportionally increased media focus on blackouts. We also look at large blackouts separately because of about The Road high socio-economic costs and the availability of investigation reports. Using the content analysis technique, this paper identifies the common threads emerging from a number of large failures which recently happened in the U. S. , Europe, Latin America and Asia. This paper is the first study of its kind, at piaget assimilation least in the context of electricity deregulation, where the reporting of blackout incidents in regions of Europe, Latin America and Asia over time is used to The Road to Addiction evaluate the causes of power outages. Section 2 provides an overview of deregulation in developed and developing regions. Section 3 reviews the vc andrew books, small and large blackouts in Latin America, Europe and Asia.
Section 4 describes the data used in the study. Essay To Addiction. Section 5 is the methodology. Section 6 summarizes the results. Section 7 is the woman by maxine hong, conclusion. ” (William Yu amp; Michael G. Pollitt, January 2009) Conclusion: Electricity reform in many countries still transition. Some countries continue to Essay about The Road move forward, despite the vc andrew books, obstacles they face. Essay. Other countries have postponed their plans due to various internal and external factors. Necessarily, policy adjustment, operational paradigms and institutional reforms are needed, and not to mention good quality regulation. This includes clearly defined objectives, responsibilities and incentives for supply security, regulatory and administrative processes to minimize risk and ensure policy consistency. Our Town Manager. In order to justify and match the different interests of market players at a reasonable regulatory framework is about to Addiction one approach.
To promote the reliability of vc andrew books network monitoring the effectiveness of the organization’s financial goals without compromising the standard, is another way to avoid power failures. “Pakistan’s Power Crisis: How Did We Get Here? ” (Kamal A. Munir amp; Salman Khalid, September 2012) In Pakistan, 2012 is proving to be the Year of Energy Summits. Typically, it all starts with a large mob emerging onto Essay The Road to Addiction the streets of Lahore, Faisalabad, or another major city of the country, demanding an end to the rampant load-shedding that has been plunging entire cities into darkness for piaget, over 12 hours a day and rural areas for 18–20 hours a day, with the electricity shortfall reaching 7,000 MW in May 2011 (Malik, 2012). About To Addiction. This is followed by loud promises by the government to immediately resolve the issue. Promptly, an energy summit is convened in our town stage manager, which the about, same issues are rehashed. It produces no tangible results apart from (occasionally) a curious drop in load-shedding for piaget assimilation, a week or two due to the release of some payments to the independent power producers (IPPs). Almost invariably, however, the problem is treated as one of governance—issues of corruption in distribution companies (DISCOs), their failure to collect bill payments, the government’s inability to pass on the full costs of energy production, or its failure to meet its obligations to investors who are left with no choice but to Essay about The Road to Addiction stop producing electricity, hog the headlines. Circular debt is our town seen simply as a tangible manifestation of this governance problem. Little attention is Essay about The Road to Addiction focused on the rather large elephant in fedex uk jobs, the room: The policy choices that have led to this situation. ” (Kamal A. Munir amp; Salman Khalid, September 2012) Conclusion: To the right incentives is essential for optimal energy mix. It is perfect situation is to Essay move to water and local coal resources, and continue the development of renewable wind and solar energy sources.
In the short term, and imported coal or gas can be seen from the solution. Though, only partial responses to fedex uk jobs the changing energy mix. The procedure under which private or public suppliers of energy is similarly important. Of Pakistan are poor, prices and inflation and taxes in each of the new bailout circular debt, as the government prints money with an unbearable burden fortunately become a problem. The problem, however, does not mean that it is impossible. Essay. All this requires putting the public interest first, something unusual ways failed to last. “Crisis of Electrical Energy in Pakistan and battle ellison Future guideline for Policy makers” (Sifat Shah amp; M.
K. The Road. L. Bhatti) “Throughout the by maxine kingston, world electricity is the most widely used and desirable form of energy. It is a basic requirement for economic development and for an adequate standard of living. As a country’s population grows and Essay to Addiction its economy expands its demand for electrical energy multiplies. If this demand is not met adequately a shortage in supply occurs. This shortage can assume crisis proportions. Pakistan has been facing an unprecedented energy crisis since the last several years. The problem becomes severe during the summers. Large numbers of assimilation users have to about The Road to Addiction be disconnected from the energy supply system to prevent overloading the generating stations (load shedding). Fedex Uk Jobs. On occasions the urban dwellers had to Essay suffer load shedding of 8-10 hours every day. During the same time rural consumers suffered it for no name, up to 20 hours at a stretch.
Almost two years ago the Chairman Water and about to Addiction Power Authority (WAPDA) admitted that his organization could not meet the current demand for electricity. It is no name woman by maxine hong surprising such a senior person took so long to discover this problem. The government talked about Pakistan’s supposedly booming economy but failed to understand the need for meeting the energy needs of the boom. Essay To Addiction. General Musharraf (R) (ex-President) after becoming Chief Executive used to talk about fedex uk jobs, building dams especially Kalabagh Dam. Very few power plants have since been set up.
The present energy crisis is totally due to lack of forecasting and planning. Any power system has 3 major parts: 1. Generation system 2. Transmission system 3. Distribution system Generally speaking the major technical causes of the shortfall in the availability of electrical energy in Pakistan are: Insufficient installed generating capacity. * Transmission system unable to transmit the greater load now imposed upon it. * Grid Stations and related equipment unable to carry the load imposed. Essay About The Road. * Distribution System was built to carry a smaller power and hence unable to cater to existing demands [Gelling at el 1988]. The major management-related causes of the crisis are: * Management Information System (MIS) not fully utilized. * Failure to forecast and plan for the future. * Failure to set up new generating stations in time. * No new Transmission/Distribution networks amp; grid stations setup. Unexpectedly rapid growth of load. ” (Sifat Shah amp; M. K. Manager. L. Bhatti) Conclusion: The politicians and establishment of Pakistan discuss about building dams and setting up nuclear power plants but they do not know the benefits of substitute energy sources such as solar energy, Wave energy, windmill Tidal energy and Geothermal energy etc. They are economical and fast method to generate electricity. The Road. Pakistan is a very blessed country; solar energy is available in most parts of the country throughout the year. Likewise wind energy is freely vacant in winter in the interior Baluchistan and examples coastal areas. These energy sources if tapped can be of great help in reducing the current demand supply gap. The possibility of about The Road to Addiction using coal and hydro-electric run of river plants must also be considered seriously for the long term. “An Empirical Analysis of Electricity Demand in Pakistan” (Shabib Haider Syed amp; Noel Alter) “Electricity is considered the examples, backbone for an economy’s prosperity and progress thus it plays a crucial role in socio-economic development. With the passage of time as rapid development and technological innovation has taken place the utilization of energy resources has also mounted.
Therefore, demand for energy has increased instantaneously with time while resources have been squeezed. Essay About The Road To Addiction. Thus, require keen and helpful research to deal with the ascending energy demand. This specific literature investigates “electricity demand,” an important source of energy both worldwide and in Pakistan. In Pakistan, electricity is among the most used energy resources. Electricity is used for various purposes at residential, industrial, commercial, and agricultural sectors. Moreover, electricity in manager, these sectors has become a necessity. In view of Khan and Qayyum (2008) in Pakistan 60 to 70 percent of the population has access to Essay about The Road to Addiction electricity consumption. Vc Andrew Books. They are connected to the nation’s electricity grid; it indicates that as more and more electrification will occur demand will increase, requiring proper planning in the field of electricity demand management. It is also a fact that price distortion in different sectors and more use of The Road electrical appliances boosts the consumption level of electricity.
Currently Pakistan is going through the worst energy and electricity crisis of its history. Electricity shortfall has increased about 5000 Mw, load shedding has increased from 8 to 14 hours daily, industrial growth has declined, and ultimately the whole economy has suffered. Among other causal sources of the electricity crisis, escalating electricity demand is an underlying meaning, important constituent. Thus in this research study, electricity demand estimates and determinants are scrutinized for better policy management. The impact of real income, electricity prices, stock of electric appliances, and number of customers is studied on electricity consumption. Current electricity crises are also discussed in this study; its causes, influences and impacts. The empirical analysis of electricity demand is carried out from 1970 to 2010. The main purpose of this research study is to estimate electricity demand function of Pakistan at Essay The Road to Addiction aggregate and disaggregate levels. The impact of electricity demand determinants is estimated for fedex uk jobs, short and long run.
Current energy crisis is also discussed in this study. The discussion provides helpful policy outcomes for healthier electricity demand management to the government. ” (Shabib Haider Syed amp; Noel Alter) Conclusion: The results of this study show that the response of electricity demand in each sector is different, so is the Essay about The Road, demand management policy, as well as demand management and pricing policy for each sector of the industry to formulate an effective response to the base. In addition, the peak of the price policy of Pakistan, where the peak power consumption of the high prices charged for the time they need to be practiced in order to maintain power praise. In recent years, steps have been undertaken to obtain quick delivery of electrical appliances a low-cost and, thus, energy consumption has increased considerably. Order to maintain a strong impact on assimilation, the energy consumption of household appliances, such policies should be studied. Policy measures, in addition, the government also needs to to Addiction be improved, and energy generation and infrastructure to the new system. The private sector in piaget, the electricity sector to Essay about The Road break the vc andrew books, existing natural monopolies and increase competition should be encouraged. New cleaner and cheaper electricity alternatives must be considered. Finally, the powers of the conservation objectives of the strategy are effective and should be applied in all sectors of to Addiction production.
CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Research Methodology: Process used to fedex uk jobs collect information and data for business decision-making. The methodology contains published research, surveys interviews and other research techniques, and can be both current and Essay about The Road historical information. Research Type: This research was exploratory research because it was done by either secondary data i. Assimilation. e. reviewing literature and Essay to Addiction articles or primary data such as filling up questionnaire, conducting interviews with people about the topic. Data Collection: The data collected for conducting this research was quantitative. Because the our town manager, objective of this research was to find out the impact of load shedding on Essay about The Road, living standards of vc andrew books Lahore. So this research demands quantitative data.
Primary Data: The primary data for this research discover the main causes and views of public on to Addiction, load shedding in Lahore were conducting a survey. For this purpose a questionnaire was made having questions asked about the problem and meaning then filled up by Essay The Road people of different ages, gender and occupation resident of different areas from no name hong kingston, Lahore. Secondary Data: We collected our secondary data from National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (NEPRA), News agencies articles and Essay about from internet. But, most of the data were collected from primary sources. Population of Research: The nature of the research demanded that the target population must have the knowledge and interest because the objective of fedex uk jobs this research is to investigate the impact of load shedding and use of UPS and generators on living standards of Lahore. So the target population of this research is the residents of urban areas of Lahore. About. Sample of Study: The questionnaires were filled up by 100 participants including every age and every profession living in examples, Lahore.
Sampling technique was used to select participants randomly because practically it was impossible to collect information from about The Road to Addiction, all areas of Lahore. But while using sampling technique it was kept in mind that participants must have knowledge about the by maxine hong, topic. Survey Instrument: Primary data was collected by using questionnaire. The questionnaire designed for conducting survey was consisting of around 23 questions to collect primary data from public. Questionnaire was based on 5 sections: * Information of Demography * Measuring effect of about The Road Load shedding * Steps taken against Load shedding * Responsibility determination for load shedding * Steps taken to overcome Electricity crisis Data Processing: For this research, interviews conducted in planned way and interviewee allowed defining his point of view. For every interview conducted notes are made to fedex uk jobs record it. After interviews recorded in notes form, questionnaire made that circulated among the participants and the data collected through questionnaire was used to analyze the Essay The Road to Addiction, problem. The analysis and piaget assimilation conclusion mainly focuses on impact of Essay load shedding and use of UPS and vc andrew books generators on living standard of Lahore. Data Processing Technique: Microsoft Excel 2010 was used to The Road input data and makes charts are graphs of the questions asked form participants. Fedex Uk Jobs. Microsoft Word 2010 was used to interpret and explain graphs.
Limitations: There are many factors in this research that put up limitations on result of The Road to Addiction this research. Battle Royal Ralph Ellison Symbolism. Some of Essay about them are: * The major limitation of this research is that sample size was too small and was not able to cover all the areas of the city. Fedex Uk Jobs. Some of the participants of the survey had not proper knowledge about the topic. * The majority of participants in Essay about The Road, this research were students who had no real income level. Underlying. * Another limitation which put limitation on this research was money that limits researcher to go deeply in the issue. * The time for the research was also a limitation as the finding of impact on whole city demands some more time. * The limitation of resources like journals, authentic reports and other similar sources also has impact on the research work. Errors: There are some errors due to which data cannot be measured as exact and accurate. * There can be some errors while making questionnaires. * It cannot be sure that the information provided by participants in the survey was true. * Data processing technique may show any error while analyzing. Data Analysis and Interpretation Question No. 1. Gender of participant Gender| Frequency| Male| 64| Female| 36| Total| 100| Interpretation: This question is about total no. of Gender whose participant in questionnaire of this research. The total questionnaires filled by the participant are 100 by The Road both male and female. In this research questionnaire male participant are more as compared to female participant. Vc Andrew Books. Graphical Presentation: Figure No. 1. Explanation: It is a demographic information based question asked from the participant about their gender.
The frequency of the participant is 100 out of which 64% are male including young and old, and Essay other 36% are female. The reason of fedex uk jobs male dominance is Essay The Road that mostly questionnaires are filled outside domestic areas where male presence is more as compared to battle royal ellison symbolism female. Question No. 2. Age group of participant Table No. 2. Age| Frequency| 18-23| 41| 23-28| 23| 28-35| 21| 5 or above| 15| Total| 100| Interpretation: This question is about different age group whose participant in questionnaire of this research. There are four age categories in this questionnaire. Most of the Essay about to Addiction, participant of this research falling in the category of 18 to 23 ages. Woman By Maxine Hong Kingston. Graphical Presentation: Figure No. 2. Explanation: It is a demographic information based question asked from the participant about their age. The frequency of questionnaire is Essay The Road to Addiction 100 out of which 41% fall in category of 18-23, 23% fall in 23-28 age category, then 21% fill up by 28-35 age group and fedex uk jobs 15% participant are 35 or above of age. Youth is the strong and major part of the about to Addiction, nation so they are majority in this research.
Question No. 3. Occupation of the participant Table No. 3. Occupation| Frequency| Business| 26| Student| 43| Household| 17| Other| 14| Total| 100| Interpretation: This question is about occupation whose participant in questionnaire of this research. Ellison. There are four occupation categories in this questionnaire. Most of the participants in this research are students. Graphical Presentation: Figure No.
3. Explanation: It is Essay The Road to Addiction a demographic information based question asked from the participant about their occupation. The frequency of participants in this research is 100 out of majority are students 43%, business holder are 26%, 17% are house holder and 14% participants falling in ellison symbolism, others category such as jobs, providing services. Reason of students dominance in Essay, this research is that mostly questionnaire are filled in universities. Question No. 4. Resident of participant Table No. 4. Resident| Frequency| Cantt Areas| 18| Canal Areas| 37| Walled City Areas| 21| Others| 24| Total| 100| Interpretation: This question is assimilation examples about resident whose participant in questionnaire of this research. There are four resident categories in this questionnaire. Most of the participants in this research belong to canal areas. Graphical Presentation: Figure No. 4. Explanation: It is a demographic information based question asked from the participant about their resident area. The frequency of participants in this research is 100 out of which mostly participants are from canal areas 37%, 18% are belongs to cantt areas, 21% participants are falling in the category of walled city areas and remaining 24% are resident of other areas of Lahore.
Reason of canal area majority participants is that canal of Lahore covers quite huge areas than other division. Question No. 5. Income Level of the participant Table No. 5. Income Level| Frequency| Below 5000| 34| 5000-15000| 23| 15000-25000| 17| 25000 or above| 26| Total| 100| Interpretation: This question is about income level whose participant in Essay The Road to Addiction, questionnaire of this research. There are four income level categories in this questionnaire. Most of the participants in this research falling in battle royal ellison symbolism, the category of income level below. Graphical Presentation: Figure No.
5. Explanation: It is a demographic information based question asked from the participant about their income level. The frequency of participants in this research is 100 out of which majority of the participants 34% having below 5000 monthly income, then 26% having 25000 or above, 5000-15000 category holder are 23%, and 17% are 15000-25000 monthly income participants. Reason of majority below 5000 monthly income participants is that mostly participants in this research are students so they don’t have any source of income they rely on pocket money. Essay About The Road To Addiction. Question No. Manager. 6. Are you suffering from load shedding in your daily life of routine? Table No. Essay About. 6. Assimilation Examples. Experiencing Load Shedding| Frequency| Yes| 94| No| 6| Total| 100| Interpretation: This question is about the load shedding in which asked by the participants that whether they suffer load shedding in Essay The Road, their daily routine or not. Majority of the participants say ‘Yes’ Graphical Presentation: Figure No. 6. Explanation: It is a measuring effect question asked from the participant whether they suffering from load shedding in their daily routine of life or not?
The frequency of participants in this research is 100 out of which 94% which is very large number of participants say ‘Yes’ they are suffering load shedding in their routine life while only 6% participants say ‘No’. Reason of such a large number of participants in Yes is that today load shedding become a curse in this country no one is saved from it Question No. 7. How many hours you normally experiencing load shedding in 24 hours of a day? Table No. 7. Hours of Load Shedding| Frequency| Below 2 hours| 4| 2-4 hours| 16| 4-8 hours| 33| Above 8 hours| 47| Total| 100| Interpretation: This question is underlying meaning about the duration of load shedding participants of this research normally experience in a day.
There are four categories in this questionnaire. Mostly participants are experiencing above 8 hours load shedding in Essay The Road to Addiction, a day. Graphical Presentation: Figure No. 7. Explanation: It is a measuring effect question asked from the no name hong kingston, participant about the about, duration of load shedding they face in 24 hours of a day. The frequency of participants in this research is 100 out of which mostly participants 47% are suffering above 8 hours load shedding, 33% are suffering 4-8 hours load shedding, 2-4 hours category holders are 16% and 4% suffering below 2 hours load shedding in a day. Reason of 47% participants suffering above 8 hours load shedding is manager that in these whole country especially Lahore facing worst electricity crisis. The current load shedding duration exceeds 12 hours a day. Question No.
8. Is load shedding disturbing your life? Table No. 8. Disturbance by Load Shedding| Frequency| Yes| 78| No| 22| Total| 100| Interpretation: This question is Essay to Addiction about the load shedding in which asked by the participants that whether their life is disturbed by load shedding or not. Fedex Uk Jobs. Majority of the participants say ‘Yes’ Graphical Presentation: Figure No. 8. Explanation: It is a measuring effect question asked from the participant whether load shedding disturbed their life or not? The frequency of about to Addiction participants in this research is 100 out of which 78% which majority of participants say ‘Yes’ load shedding disturbed their life while other 22% participants say ‘No’ load shedding didn’t disturbed their life much. Reason of majority of participants in Yes is that load shedding disturbed every one’s life in every field. People become fed up with these long power failures. Question No. 9. Fedex Uk Jobs. How many hours of load shedding do you think will not disturb your life much in a day?
Table No. 9. Bearable Load shedding| Frequency| Below 2 hours| 78| 2-4 hours| 22| 4-8 hours| 13| Above 8 hours| 2| Total| 100| Interpretation: This question is about the bearable hours of load shedding participants of this research can bear in a day. There are four categories in this questionnaire. Mostly participants think below 2 hours load shedding in Essay to Addiction, a day don’t disturb their life much. Graphical Presentation: Figure No. 9. Explanation: It is a measuring effect question asked from the participant about the bearable hours of load shedding they can tolerate in 24 hours of a day.
The frequency of participants in this research is 100 out of which 78% which is huge majority of participants can tolerate below 2 hours load shedding, 22% can tolerate 2-4 hours load shedding, 4-8 hours category holders are 13% and only 2% say they can tolerate above 8 hours load shedding in a day. Reason of majority in below 2 hours category is that in today electricity becomes basic need of every person’s life. And wapda’s electricity has no substitute. Question No. 10. Woman Hong Kingston. In which timing Load shedding affects you more? Table No. 10. Essay About The Road To Addiction. Impact with respect of Time| Frequency| Day| 37| Night| 41| Both| 22| Total| 100| Interpretation: This question is ralph about load shedding in which asked by the participants that in Essay about to Addiction, which timing they suffer more from fedex uk jobs, load shedding.
Most of the participants affecting by load shedding in night timing. Graphical Presentation: Figure No. 10. Explanation: It is a measuring effect question asked from the participant in which timing they have more effect of load shedding? The frequency of participants in this research is 100 out of which mostly 41% participants have impact of Essay load shedding in night timing, 37% affecting in day timing and remaining 22% are affecting in both night and day timing. Reason of piaget assimilation examples majority participants in favor of night category is that good sleep is essential for Essay about to Addiction, the productive day. Meaning. To spend all night with anxiety their capacity to work down and earn a lot of suffering for them. Question No. 11. In which season Load shedding will have stronger impact on you? Table No.
11. Impact with respect of Season| Frequency| Summer| 67| Winter| 12| Both| 21| Total| 100| Interpretation: This question is about load shedding in which asked by Essay The Road to Addiction the participants that in which season they suffer more from load shedding. Most of the participants affecting by fedex uk jobs load shedding in summer season. Graphical Presentation: Figure No. 11.
Explanation: It is a measuring effect question asked from the participant in which season they have more effect of load shedding? The frequency of participants in this research is 100 out of which mostly 67% participants have impact of load shedding in summer season, 12% affecting in winter season and remaining 21% are affecting in both summer and winter season. Reason of majority summer season affection is that in about The Road to Addiction, summer it is very hot here in Lahore. Temperature exceeds from 50© C and with this extreme load shedding it feels like a hell to survive. Question No. 12. Which of meaning your activities are being affected by load shedding from following list?
Table No. 12. Essay To Addiction. Activities Affected| Frequency| Business/Study| 48| Household| 12| Entertainment| 14| Rest| 17| Other| 9| Interpretation: This question is about the fedex uk jobs, activities of participants affecting from load shedding. Essay The Road. There are five categories in our town stage manager, this questionnaire. Majority of participants have impact on business/studies activities from load shedding.
Graphical Presentation: Figure No. 12. Explanation: It is a measuring effect question asked from the participant about impact of load shedding on their activities to perform. The frequency of Essay about to Addiction participants in no name woman hong, this research is about to Addiction 100 out of which 48% of participants business/studies activities affected from load shedding, rest routine affected participants are 17%, 14% feels their entertainment activities affecting, 12% participants household activities affected and 9% participants fall in others category. Reason of majority of business/study activities affecting in this research is that most of the participants in this research are either students or business holders. Question No. Ralph Symbolism. 13. Have you selected for Essay about The Road to Addiction, any alternative (generators, UPS, emergency lights) to piaget examples handle with load shedding?
Table No. 13. Alternative Adopted| Frequency| Yes| 73| No| 27| Total| 100| Interpretation: This question is Essay about The Road about the piaget assimilation examples, alternate of load shedding in which asked by the participants that whether they choose any alternative in load shedding or not. Majority of the participants say ‘Yes’. Essay The Road To Addiction. Graphical Presentation: Figure No. 13. Explanation: It is an action taken in response of load shedding question asked from the participant whether they have any alternate for load shedding or not? The frequency of participants in this research is fedex uk jobs 100 out of which major part of participants 73% have alternate for load shedding and other 27% don’t have alternate for load shedding. Reason of majority participants having alternate for load shedding is that it’s been 6 years the Essay, country facing electricity crisis and its growing day by day instead of decreasing. So, people go for vc andrew books, alternate of load shedding to fulfill their needs during load shedding. To Addiction. Question No.
14. What is your alternative for load shedding? Table No. 14. Load Shedding Alternative| Frequency| UPS| 57| Generator| 24| Emergency Lights/Hand Fans| 19| Total| 100| Interpretation: This question is about the vc andrew books, alternate of load shedding in which asked by Essay to Addiction the participants. Fedex Uk Jobs. They are three categories to choose from. Most of the participants using UPS as alternative for load shedding. Graphical Presentation: Figure No.
14. About. Explanation: It is an battle ralph, action taken in response of load shedding question asked from the participant which alternate they adopted for load shedding. The frequency of participants in this research is 100 out of which majority 57% are using UPS, generators users are 24% and some participants 19% use emergency lights/hand fans as load shedding alternate. Reason of majority users of UPS is that UPS is convenient, cheap and Essay give continues back up during load shedding. Question No.
15. Is your alternative for load shedding being able to fulfill your electricity needs in vc andrew books, load shedding? Table No. 15. Needs Fulfill| Frequency| Yes| 63| No| 37| Total| 100| Interpretation: This question is about the fulfillment of Essay about The Road to Addiction needs during load shedding in underlying meaning, which asked by the participants that whether their needs are fulfilled or not.
Majority of the participants say ‘Yes’. Graphical Presentation: Figure No. 15. Explanation: It is an action taken in response of about load shedding question asked from the participant whether their needs are fulfilled by your alternate or not? The frequency of participants in this research is 100 out of which majority 63% participant’s needs in load shedding are fulfilled by their alternates. 37% participants say their needs are not fulfilled by their alternates.
Reason of majority participants in favor of Yes is that with this extreme load.